The main military focus in this period is the American Civil War (1861 – 65) and again, Libra contributed towards this war, as it ultimately was based on giving justice to slaves. The American Civil War was among the earliest industrial wars in the world and many considered it the first major industrial war and thus again we see in a small Libra period the leap to a greater experience of war compared to any earlier war. According to various estimates, it is believed that between five hundred and one thousand women enlisted as soldiers on both sides of the war, disguised as men. 
The American Civil War occurred near the beginning of the Pisces sub-age decan and overflow (1851 – 1910 – 1970), and before the end of this Pisces SAD&OF, the USA became the age-empire of our age – or at least the greatest superpower in the world. Whereas Pisces is strongly located in the European astrological signature (probably in second place to Aries), it takes first place in the USA’s astrological signature – though to be technically correct, the USA is the empire of the Pisces-Aquarius age. Similar to Pisces’ ability to split Europe due to the two fish swimming in opposite directions, Pisces can also split the USA, and because it did so early in the Pisces SAD&OF, the USA had plenty of time to capitalize upon the power Pisces has brought and rise to its role as the major superpower in the world. Astrologically, the USA is the New Rome (though Constantinople also claimed that title).
Rome’s baptism occurred under the first Aries sub-age decan and overflow (297 BC – 237 BC – 177BC) of the Aries age overflow (715 BC – 1433 AD) associated to the Punic Wars with Carthage (264 BC – 146 BC) including Hannibal’s crossing of the Alps with his elephants. Rome’s final success in the Punic Wars, which eradicated its main rival, allowed Rome to go on and become one of the greatest ancient empires in the world. The USA came of age in the same astrological circumstances as Ancient Rome but invoking Pisces rather than Aries.
The American Civil War had implications beyond its borders. The line between the northern non-slave states and southern slave states actually marked the border between two very different styles of civilization that the European colonialists had imposed upon the whole of the Americas. North of the Mason-Dixon Line, the non-slave states of the USA plus Canada were mercantile oriented. Below the Mason-Dixon Line the Americas were a rural based economy, and resembled what the Spanish and Portuguese had implemented in Latin America. The southern plantation owners mimicked the Spanish ‘hacenderos’ modelled after the Ancient Roman ‘latifundia’ that were typically very large estates (almost fiefdoms) employing slave labor. Therefore the American Civil War attempted to push the borders of this clash of civilizations in the whole of the Americas southward to the Mexican border.
The American Civil War demonstrated that internally, the USA was and remains like conjoined twins, who can never get away from each other, and often detest each other so deeply, they will go to war against each other. This is again the reality in the USA when the rural voters throughout the USA, especially the old southern states, voted for Trump, while urban areas voted Democrat. 2020 is equivalent to 1858 – only three years before the beginning of the American Civil War. Does this mean that the USA is heading for another civil war?
A very good argument can be made that the USA is heading towards a period of even greater conflict than has been experienced over the last five years, but the world is no longer in the Pisces sub-age decan (highlighted in yellow in table 1) as was the case with the Civil War. In the absence of Pisces, there is no other support at present for the USA to tear itself apart until towards the end of this century at the earliest. In place of Pisces, the world is currently under the influence of the Gemini sub-age decan and overflow (1970 – 2029 – 2088) but Gemini is not believed to be part of the astrological signature for the USA. However, the American Civil War did occur in the Gemini micro-age, or to be technically exact, the Cancer-Gemini micro-age (1851 – 66), as it is this decade.
Furthermore, the American Civil War occurred at the highpoint of the Cancer sub-age decan and overflow (1791 – 1851 – 1910) and Cancer is opposite Capricorn, the third strongest sign in the USA’s astrological signature. When those settlers stepped ashore in Jamestown in 1607, they did so near the very end of the first sub-age in the Age of Aquarius – the Capricorn sub-age (1433 – 1612) and also within the last micro-age in the Capricorn sub-age, the Capricorn micro-age (1597 – 1612) so Capricorn became a key sign for the future USA. The last micro-age is also the Aquarius-Capricorn micro-age as the previous Aquarius micro-age overflowed onto the Capricorn micro-age. This signature was replicated in 1776 which also occurred in the following Aquarius-Capricorn micro-age (1761 – 76) representing the Capricorn sting-in-the-tail of the Capricorn sub-age and overflow (1433 – 1612 – 1791). Capricorn indeed is a key sign in the astrological signature of the USA. Even its final rise to the contemporary world superpower occurred in the Aquarius-Capricorn micro-age (1940 – 1955).
The influence of the current Cancer micro-age and overflow (2000-2014-2029) is detrimental to Capricorn associated USA as was the case in the Civil War. The overlapping Gemini micro-age and overflow (2014 – 2029 – 2044) is also probably detrimental to the USA, as Gemini sits at the lowly 4th house position to Pisces which detracts from its 10th house authority, and shifts the focus to domestic over international issues – which was played out by Trump through avoiding new foreign wars or conflicts, and extracting US troops from ongoing international conflicts whenever possible. Biden is showing signs of continuing this trend with the hasty withdrawal from Afganistan in 2021. The USA is most likely heading towards some form of isolationism or domestic focus for most of the rest of the 21st century due to the Gemini sub-age decan overflow (2029 – 2088).
Apart from Gemini and Cancer, the other common sign between the American Civil War and the current Libra MAD&OF is that they both occur within the Scorpio sub-age and overflow (1791 – 1970 – 2149) and Scorpio indicates that the world currently does not exist in a time of (Taurus) stability, but a time of wrenching change, transformation, revolution and evolution. Life is not meant to be stable and peaceful under Scorpio. Scorpio is the sign of our times.
We can certainly expect a period of greater lack of social and political cohesion in the USA, especially in the Libra MADOF (Nov 24 – Nov 29) with the situation deteriorating beforehand, but it should be nowhere near the level of stress that existed in the buildup and execution of the American Civil War.
The tension was in the air very early in the 19th century Libra MAD&OF (May 1856 – May 1861 – Apr 1866). In the very first month, Lawrence, Kansas was captured and burned by pro-slavery forces and Congressman Preston Brooks of South Carolina beat Senator Charles Sumner with a cane in the hall of the United States Senate, for a speech Sumner had made attacking Southerners who sympathized with the pro-slavery violence in Kansas (“Bleeding Kansas”). Sumner was unable to return to duty for three years while he recovered and Brooks became a hero across the South. Also in this action-filled month, a group of followers of radical abolitionist John Brown killed five homesteaders in Franklin County, Kansas – known as the Pottawatomie massacre.
In 1857 the Supreme Court of the USA ruled that Blacks were not citizens and slaves could not sue for freedom. In the following year Abraham Lincoln accepted the Republican Party nomination for a seat in the US Senate, and delivered his House Divided speech in Springfield, Illinois. In 1859, John Brown raided the Harpers Ferry Armory in Harper’s Ferry, Virginia, in an unsuccessful bid to spark a general slave rebellion. Troops under Colonel Robert E. Lee overpowered John Brown, and he was hung for his efforts. The American Civil War was precipitated in 1860 when South Carolina became the first state to secede from the USA. In 1861, the Confederate States of America was formed, comprising the first seven break-away States.
By the end of 1865, the Thirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution was ratified by three-quarters of the states (including those states in secession) with slavery also legally outlawed in the last two slave states of Kentucky and Delaware. In the following year, the US Congress overwhelmingly passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866, the first federal legislation to protect the rights of African-Americans whereupon President Andrew Johnson vetoed the bill, only to have Congress override the veto.
While the vision of the Virgin Mary in Lourdes in 1858 cannot solely be assigned to Libra, the promotion of a leading semi-mythical female figure of western culture can certainly be assigned to Libra. The association with the Cancer-Pisces sub-age decan (1851 – 1910) provided further female promotion from Cancer with Pisces supplying the visionary element. The 1856 publication of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin activated many American women in their denunciation of slavery. Florence Nightingale became a national heroine by 1860 due to her overseeing the nursing of injured soldiers in the Crimean War.
Women already had suffrage on Pitcairn Island, in the middle of the Pacific Ocean and in 1856, this was extended to Norfolk Island. Also, the first known female private detective began work for the Pinkerton Detective Agency. In 1857 divorce became possible in the UK without requiring onerous parliamentary approval. Keeping to Libra’s matrimonial rulership, in 1858, The Wedding March by Felix Mendelssohn became a popular wedding recessional, after it was played at the marriage of Queen Victoria’s daughter Victoria, Princess Royal, to Prince Friedrich of Prussia.
1859 saw the founding of The Society for Promoting the Employment of Women at a time when there were few acceptable occupations for middle class women other than a governess or a lady’s companion – and thus society made it acceptable for women to be typists, hairdressers, printers, and bookkeepers. The Mary Institute was founded in Missouri and Tidskrift för hemmet, the first women’s magazine in the Nordic countries, began publication in Sweden. In 1860, the Nightingale Training School and Home for Nurses was opened in London becoming the first nursing school based on the ideas of Florence Nightingale.
Alice in Wonderland was introduced to the world by Lewis Carroll in 1865 and is considered one of the best-known and most popular works of English-language fiction. Among its first avid readers were Queen Victoria and the young Oscar Wilde.
Artistic developments are also in focus under Libra, and The Art Treasures of Great Britain in 1857 was an exhibition of fine art held in Manchester, England. It remains the largest art exhibition to be held in the UK, and even possibly in the world, with over 16,000 works and it attracted over 1.3 million visitors. Its selection and display of artworks had a formative influence on the public art collections that were then being established in the UK, such as the National Gallery, National Portrait Gallery and the Victoria and Albert Museum.
The 1863 opening of Salon des Refusés (French for “exhibition of rejects”) in Paris had critics and the public ridicule the ‘refuses’ which had been rejected by the ‘official’ outlets supported by the French government. The rejected paintings included such now-famous paintings as Édouard Manet’s Déjeuner sur l’herbe (see below) and James McNeill Whistler’s Symphony in White, No. 1: The White Girl. But the critical attention also ended up legitimizing the emerging avant-garde painters. Manet’s early masterworks, The Luncheon on the Grass and Olympia, both painted in 1863, caused great controversy and served as rallying points for the young painters who would create Impressionism. Today, these are considered watershed paintings that mark the start of modern art – appropriately commenced in this Libra period.
Richard Wagner’s Tristan and Isolde is one of many versions of a chivalric romance dated to the 12th century. The story is a tragedy about the adulterous love between the Cornish knight Tristan and the Irish princess Isolde while the details differ from one author to another, the overall plot structure remains much the same. The narrative predates and most likely influenced the Arthurian romance of Lancelot and Guinevere, and has had a substantial impact on Western art and literature. Richard Wagner produced his version in 1865 to great success. It had a painful birth as its chromatic harmonies were likened to “a perfume fog shot through with lightening”. Wagner depicted Tristan as a doomed romantic figure, while Isolde fulfils Wagner’s quintessential feminine role as the redeeming woman. His Tristan und Isolde is sometimes described as marking the start of modern music  and was highly influential upon the direction of classical music in the 20th century.
Libra’s quest for justice was also displayed in this period by John Stuart Mill when he published On Liberty in 1857. One quote from this work is:
“That the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others. His own good, either physical or moral, is not a sufficient warrant … Over himself, over his body and mind, the individual is sovereign”
With the above quote, even over 150 years later, most western nations remain retarded as explained by John Mills:
“… there is a risk of a “tyranny of the majority” in which the many oppress the few who, according to democratic ideals, have just as much a right to pursue their legitimate ends”
If Aries is the sign of war, something in Libra opposes this, and this may explain why in this Libra period in 1864 the predecessor of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement was created by the First Geneva Convention, which is focused upon (Libra) justice. Specifically it defines “the basis on which rest the rules of international law for the protection of the victims of armed conflicts.” Similarly, The forces of progress under Libra manifested in a famous bare-fist fight in England in 1860 that marked the end of this popular spectator sport.
This Libra period was part of an extremely tempestuous century for China, probably due to the Cancer sub-age decan and overflow (1791 – 1851 – 1910) and so this Libra period was part of the Taiping Rebellion which was a massive civil war that was waged from 1850 to 1864 between the established Qing dynasty and the theocratic Taiping Heavenly Kingdom and became the bloodiest civil war in world history. This cannot be directly attributed to Libra, but the Second Opium War (1856 to 1860) is a prime candidate. This war continued Great Britain’s and Europe’s tyrannical policy of forcing opium upon the Chinese population resulting in another loss for China, and Great Britain benefited by gaining Hong Kong as a British colony. This means that since December 2019, Hong Kong is experiencing an astrological anniversary as again the micro-ages and all smaller sub-periods are the same. This suggests that the contemporary Hong Kong situation has more to play out! The fall of Beijing to the Franco-British forces in 1860 involving the looting of the Chinese Emperors Summer Palace is also worth noting.
The American Civil War broke new ground in warfare, and probably introduced the first industrial war to the world. It seems that each new Libra micro-age or micro-age overflow makes a new breakthrough in the extent that war can be waged. The bloodiest civil war in world history with the Taiping Rebellion in China again promotes China’s Cancer-Libra credentials. Females were also breaking new ground with the vision of the Virgin Mary in Lourdes, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”, and Florence Nightingale. Early examples of female suffrage occurred on Pitcairn and Norfolk Island. An early liberalization of divorce anand expansion of female employment appeared in the UK. Though fantasy, Alice in Wonderland was introduced to the world.
Possibly the largest artistic exhibition the world has seen with The Art Treasures of Great Britain and the public appearance of what would turn out to be Impressionist painters suggest that modern art commenced in this Libra period. Richard Wagner’s Tristan and Isolde appear to mark the beginning of modern music. John Stuart Mill’s publication On Liberty was another thrust towards justice that remains unrealized in today’s world, including the average First World country, and the appearance of the predecessor of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.
 American Civil War, Wikipedia, Retrieved 02:15, June 7, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=American_Civil_War&oldid=1026883294
 Felipe Frenandez-Armesto, “The Americas – The History of a Hemisphere”, Phoenix, London, p49
 Chronicle of the World, p927
 Chronicle of the World, p929
 Chronicle of the World, p932
 Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Wikipedia, Retrieved 01:56, June 6, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alice%27s_Adventures_in_Wonderland&oldid=1025920007
 Édouard Manet, Wikipedia, Retrieved 06:26, June 8, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=%C3%89douard_Manet&oldid=1025068286
 Richard Wagner, Wikipedia, Retrieved 06:11, June 8, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Richard_Wagner&oldid=1026019134
 Tristan and Iseult, Wikipedia, Retrieved 06:12, June 8, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tristan_and_Iseult&oldid=1026870557
 On Liberty, Wikipedia, Retrieved 04:26, December 21, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=On_Liberty&oldid=992559871
 First Geneva Convention, Wikipedia, Retrieved 04:35, December 21, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=First_Geneva_Convention&oldid=986324067
Taiping Rebellion, Wikipedia, Retrieved 04:46, December 21, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taiping_Rebellion&oldid=994308989
 Chronicle of the World, p933