Within the Aquarius micro-age (Sep 1746 – Aug 1761) sits the Libra MAD&OF (Sep 1746 – Sep 1751 – Aug 1756) mimicking the similar Libra period coinciding with the First World War and Spanish Flu. This Libra period is associated with the might of the Sagittarius quasi sub-age (1701 – 1880) sitting in the middle of the full Sagittarius sub-age and overflow (1612 – 1791 – 1970). This Sagittarius sub-age and overflow can be attributed with the modern economic miracle that has created the world today.
War & Conflict
War also makes its mark with the beginning of the Seven Years’ War (1756 – 1763) at the very end of this Libra period. Such was the magnitude of the Seven Years’ War that some historians call it World War Zero as many considered it a world war harking back to the Nine Years’ War (1688–1697) of the previous Libra period that was considered the first global war. This strongly insinuates a diachronic relationship between major wars and these Libra periods and therefore should be of concern to us in the early 21st century with the Libra micro-age decan and overflow (Dec 2019 – Nov 2024 – Nov 2029).
The Seven Years’ War was the outcome of the Diplomatic Revolution of 1756 involving a major realignment of European alliances which shifted the European balance of power – always part of the Libra milieu. Austria shifted alliances away from Great Britain to France, while Prussia shifted to Great Britain. The Seven Years’ War was between Great Britain and France with most European countries aligned one way or the other. The result of the Seven Years’ War propelled Great Britain into its superpower status, and curtailed the influence of France and Spain. The Seven Years’ War in the North American theater was called the French and Indian War (1754 – 1763). The UK obviously benefitted immensely from the Sagittarius quasi sub-age (1701 – 1880) suggesting this sign belongs in the UK’s astrological signature.
Libra’s association with peace, despite its promotion of conflict, is clearly demonstrated in 1749 when at a ceremony in San Antonio, Texas (then a part of the New Spain province of Nuevo Santander), four Apache chiefs and Spanish colonial officials and missionaries literally buried the hatchet by placing weapons of war into a pit and covering it as a symbol that the Apaches and the Spaniards will fight no further war against each other!
Another possible first for women was that of Hannah Snell (1723 – 1792), a British woman who disguised herself as a man and became a soldier. After giving birth to a daughter (who lived only one year), Hannah borrowed a man’s suit and name, and began to search for her errant husband, who had abandoned her, only to learn that her husband had been executed. In 1745. She joined the army of the Duke of Cumberland against Bonnie Prince Charlie but deserted when her sergeant gave her 500 lashes and so she moved to Portsmouth and joined the Marines. In August 1748, her unit was sent to capture the French colony of Pondicherry in India. Later, she also fought in the battle in Devicottail in 1749 where she was wounded in the legs eleven times. She was also shot in her groin and, to avoid revealing her sex, she instructed a local woman to take out the bullet instead of being tended by the regimental surgeon. In 1750, her unit returned to Britain and traveled from Portsmouth to London, where she revealed her sex to her shipmates. She petitioned the Duke of Cumberland, the head of the army, for her pension – which was granted. In 1750 in London, Hanna Snell was on stage performing military drills in uniform playing in The Female Soldier. Hannah Snell may have provided some inspiration to Sir Terry Pratchett’s novel Monstrous Regiment?
Libra’s rulership over marriage was also on display with the Marriage Act 1753, full title “An Act for the Better Preventing of Clandestine Marriage”, which was the first statutory legislation in England and Wales to require a formal ceremony of marriage. Previously, the only indispensable requirement was that the marriage be celebrated by an Anglican clergyman.
The first female medical doctor in Germany graduated in 1754 at the age of 39 and approved by the king after she was declared a quack for her work with the poor before she was able to return to her formal medical studies. In 1748 Eva Ekeblad became the first female member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences – but only as an honorary member. She was widely known for discovering a method in 1746 to make alcohol and flour from potatoes, allowing greater use of scarce grains for food production, significantly reducing Sweden’s incidence of famine.
Noticeable artistic developments also appeared in this Libra period. The Libra period saw the final years of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 – 1750) who was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period and since the 19th-century, he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time. Two large-scale compositions occupied a central place in Bach’s last years. From around 1742 he wrote and revised The Art of Fugue, which has been described as:
“Bach’s most universal church work. Consisting mainly of recycled movements from cantatas written over a thirty-five-year period, it allowed Bach to survey his vocal pieces one last time and pick select movements for further revision and refinement.”
Although the complete mass was never performed during the composer’s lifetime, it is considered to be among the greatest choral works in history – a fitting achievement under this Libra period with the help of Sagittarius!
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer and his political philosophy influenced the progress of the Enlightenment throughout Europe, as well as aspects of the French Revolution and the development of modern political, economic and educational thought. His Discourse on Inequality and The Social Contract published in this Libra period are cornerstones in modern political and social thought. In Discourse on Inequality (1755) Rousseau explained how people may have established civil society, and this led him to conclude that private property is the original source and basis of all inequality.
“The first person who, having enclosed a plot of land, took it into his head to say this is mine and found people simple enough to believe him, was the true founder of civil society”
The Social Contract (1762) is a book in which Rousseau theorized about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality. The Social Contract helped inspire political reforms or revolutions in Europe, especially in France as it argued against the idea that monarchs were divinely empowered to legislate. Rousseau asserts that only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right.
Charles Batteux’s The Fine Arts Reduced to a Single Principle was published in Paris in 1746, putting forward for the first time the idea of “les beaux arts” (the fine arts). The 1749 publication of The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, often known simply as Tom Jones, is a comic novel by Henry Fielding. It is among the earliest English works to be classified as a novel and is the earliest novel mentioned by W. Somerset Maugham in his 1948 book Great Novelists and Their Novels among the ten best novels of the world.
In 1750, the Louvre Museum was created in Paris four years after public pressure on the King to allow the display of the royal art collection to the general public. An initial arrangement displayed 110 of the Crown’s paintings at the Palais du Luxembourg. This year also saw the first documented presentation of a musical in New York” at the Nassau Street Theatre, when a resident company of actors staged The Beggar’s Opera. In 1751, English poet Thomas Gray first published Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard claimed to be:
“probably still today the best-known and best-loved poem in English”.
In 1752, the first performance of a Shakespearean play in America was performed when a company of players staged The Merchant of Venice in Williamsburg, Virginia. In 1753, Spain’s Royal Academy of the Fine Arts was formally established, eight years after first being proposed to King Fernando VI. The foundation of the Royal Academy is considered by historians to be “an essential step in modernizing Spain” during the Spanish Enlightenment.
David Garrick (1717 – 1779) was an English actor, playwright, theatre manager and producer who influenced nearly all aspects of theatrical practice throughout the 18th century, and was a pupil and friend of Dr. Samuel Johnson. Very quickly after the arrival of this Libra period, Garrick partly took over the Drury Lane Theatre in April 1747 after some years of decline, leading to great success and accolades. The first performance opened with an Ode to Drury Lane Theatre, read by Garrick and written by his friend, Dr Johnson. The ode promised the patrons that
“The drama’s law the drama’s patrons give,
For we that live to please must please to live.”
Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure—popularly known as Fanny Hill (possibly an Anglicization of the Latin mons veneris, mound of Venus)—is an erotic novel by English novelist John Cleland first published in London in 1748. Its major departure from accepted morals of the times was that it was widely considered to be the first work to focus on the idea of sexual deviance being an act of pleasure, rather than something that was simply shameful. Thus this book contributes to the multi-century liberation of women.
Casanova (1725 – 1798), the virtual living god of love, was in his heyday during this Libra period, as in 1755 he was imprisoned for his various and nefarious misdeeds according to the religious morals of those times. He has become so famous for his often complicated and elaborate love affairs that his name is now synonymous with “womanizer”. No matter where he resided his police records usually involved a long list of reported blasphemies, seductions, fights, and public controversies. He set off on a grand tour heading to Paris in 1750 and along the way he got into sexual escapades resembling operatic plots from one town to the next. Casanova claimed to be a Rosicrucian and an alchemist, aptitudes which made him popular with some of the most prominent figures of the era, among them Madame de Pompadour, Count de Saint-Germain, d’Alembert, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Due to Casanova’s exploits, the noun “Casanova” means “Lover; especially a man who is a promiscuous and unscrupulous lover”. His autobiography, Story of My Life, written after this Libra period, is regarded as one of the most authentic sources of the customs and norms of European social life during the 18th century.
Libra’s association with sugar is reinforced by the invention of extracting sugar from beets by a German chemist in 1747using alcohol and one of his students went on to devise an economical industrial method later in the century which created the sugar industry in Europe. Sugar sits on the dark side of Libra!
The minuet was a new style of elegant dance that dominated European ballrooms from around 1650 for about a century and has been called “the age of the minuet”. It was a precursor to the waltz. At the great balls of the French court at Versailles, the minuet was the high point of the festivities, which culminated in a suite of dances. It is highly synchronous that this new dance craze came into vogue in the middle of this small Libra period, and Libra seems to have provided the timing for what otherwise is usually associated with Pisces.
The Royal Society of the Arts was established in England in 1754 but until it received its Royal Charter in 1908, was called Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce. This is the first known organization to use the word “sustainability” in the environmental sense (in 1980). By 1754, a notable change in style was noted in France with the first appearance of the boudoir – a room dedicated to women. Also, interior design moved from the (Capricorn) formal and stately to the elegant with gardens becoming naturalistic and furniture more comfortable and light.
In 1754 Benjamin Franklin called for the “voluntary” union of the 13 British colonies in North America supported by the British governments in an attempt to solve the Indian problem. Though the union was primarily oriented towards the American Indians, those Indians present were left dissatisfied as their interests were being undermined.
Such was the magnitude of the Seven Years’ War (1756 – 1763) it was called World War Zero as it was noted to have similarities to the Nine Years’ War (1688–1697) of the previous Libra period that was considered the first global war. Major war or conflict should be expected in Libra micro-ages and micro-age decans by default! The Seven Years’ War was based on a major realignment of European alliances which shifted the European balance of power and ticking the Libra box. There was no particular famous female from this period, but Hanna Snell fills the void with her disguise as a male soldier. The first statutory regulation of marriage in England and Wales is also a salute to Libra and the first female doctor in Germany indicates Libra was not asleep. It should be noted that this is the final Libra backbone in the weakest quarter (1433 – 1791) of the full Libra age-decan (1433 – 2149) and overflow (2149 – 2865) and so we should not expect an overwhelming influence of Libra at this first o0f four stages of the Libra age-decan and overflow.
The arts however was on a roll with the final years of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 – 1750) considered one of the greatest composers of all time, Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778) with his The Social Contract and Discourse on Inequality, and Charles Batteux’s promotion of the fine arts. The age of the minuet promoting elegant dancing and ultimately leading to the Waltz is also appropriate for Libra. Tom Jones by Henry Fielding possibly produced the earliest of the great English novelists. The opening of the Louvre Museum in Paris, the first musical in New York and first Shakespearean play in America, possibly the best known poem in England and Spain’s Royal Academy of the Fine Arts and the success of the Drury Lane Theatre in London are witnesses to the strength of Libra at this point of time. The Royal Society of the Arts was established in England.
The erotic Fanny Hill contributed to the multi-century liberation of women and the alignment of Casanova in peak form, the virtual living god of love, indicates Libra’s presence and also provided valuable historical information about European social life of the time. Libra’s addiction to sugar is again evident with the invention of extracting sugar from beets. A call for the “voluntary” union of the 13 British colonies in North America by Benjamin Franklin was a foretaste of what was to come!
 “Why the first world war wasn’t really”, The Economist. 2014-07-01.
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 Chronicle of the World, p703
 Chronicle of the World, p701