Astrological Ages are not like Sun-Signs

One regressive aspect associated with the Age of Aquarius is that most astrologers treat astrological ages like sun-sign astrology.  People tend to focus only on the ages – which is as absurd as only taking the sun-sign into account in horoscopic astrology and ignoring all the other planets, houses aspects and so on.  No serious astrologer would only use the sun in their astrological investigation, but this is what happens far too often with the astrological ages.

The astrological ages do provide the necessary framework for investigation, but ages are ultimately based on zodiacal signs, and zodiacal signs have structure.  Even many novice astrologers know about decanates (decans) with each sign divided into three.  For example, the three decans of Aquarius are Aquarius, Gemini and Libra, but because ages are retrograde, the Libran age decan is the first age–decan encountered in the Age of Aquarius followed by the Gemini and Aquarius age-decans. 

Furthermore, for over 2,000 years, astrologers have also divided each zodiacal sign into 12 equal parts called dodecatemoria in Hellenistic astrology and dwadasamsa in Vedic astrology and sometimes referred to as the micro-zodiac.  These also are encountered in reverse order, so that the first dodo/dwad in the Age of Aquarius is Capricorn, followed by Sagittarius, Scorpio, Libra and so on concluding with Aquarius. 

This process does not end there!  While astrologers may have employed decans and even dodos/dwads at various times over the last 2,000 years, apart from some very keen Vedic astrologers and western harmonic astrologers, very little attention has been paid to smaller zodiacal divisions.  However, due to the glacial movement of the astrological ages, these smaller divisions have relevance as an age of some 2155 years has three age-decans of some 718 years each, and 12 sub-ages (dodos/dwads) of almost 180 years each.  But it does not stop there either.

Research clearly provides confirmation that sub-ages have 12 micro-ages of around 15 years each, and these even have smaller divisions of 12 nano-ages per micro-age of some 15 months each.  And of course, sub-ages have sub-age decans, micro-ages have micro-age decans and nano-ages have nano-age decans .  Surprisingly, decans seem to have more clout than whole signs in macro-astrology.  [see Age of Aquarius for Dummies ]

The upshot of all this is when you hear astrologers discussing the astrological ages, if they are not employing smaller divisions than the whole age – they are mimicking sub-sign astrology in newspapers.  This is not serious astrology.  The whole blurred cusp debate by most protagonists never introduces smaller divisions than ages, and so remains on the level of sun-sign astrology (i.e. kindergarten astrology).  For example, many astrologers believe that there can be many centuries of transition between astrological ages – but what about age-decans?  Do they have many centuries of transition?  How about a sub-age of some 179 years – do they have centuries of transitions – or decades?  Does a 15 year micro-age at the very end or beginning of an age get blurred over centuries?

The whole situation with the astrological ages is laughable as most run-of-the-mill astrologers believe that there are many centuries of blurring between each age, yet in Nicholas Campion’s Book of World Horoscopes, he has pages of dates that research astrologers have tendered for the start of the Age of Aquarius.  This farce is due to the fact that mainstream astrology is rejected by science, and so the intellectual integrity associated with astrology has no consistency or uniformity.  As a field of study, astrology stretches from the everything-must-be-true end of astrology to a strict academic approach with most astrologers sitting somewhere in the middle.

Usually when I see any mention of the Age of Aquarius without any reference to any sub-periods, I find that 80% or so of the time, it is produced by an everything-must-be-true kind of astrologer.  But because most material on the astrological ages is of this ilk, very little clarity exists on the astrological ages in the astrological community.  The fantasies associated with the astrological ages have over 2,000 years of momentum, and it is difficult trying to stop a long train at high speed going in the wrong direction – but a paradigm shift is in progress. 

One reason the fantasy continues is that it is outside of the realm of possibility by most astrologers that the first astrologer to set up the calibration technique for measuring the astrological ages made a major mistake.  I can remember stating this at a Hellenistic astrology conference and immediately the barriers went up – how could I say such a thing about an early Hellenistic astrologer! They were of the opinion that the Hellenistic Greeks virtually invented astrology and were treated almost religiously!  The Greeks did invent ‘modern’ horoscopic astrology with an ascendant, but they definitely did not invent astrology!

This ancient mistake is so major that it means that using Hipparcus’ technique, the ages are about 1,100 years ‘late’.  Now this may seem extraordinary, but it creates a Catch-22.  Because of this massive error, the ages are relatively useless for accurate for accurate correlations and predictions, but they do work OK in a relative sense because of quasi-ages. 

The technique that Hipparchus created in the late 2nd century BC was based on the position of the Vernal Point (location of the Sun sitting in a zodiacal constellation at zero degrees tropical Aries around 21st March each year).  While this does not correctly or accurately calibrate astrological ages, it does correlate to quasi ages.  What this means is that the Pisces quasi age (359 – 2503) does coincide with Hipparchus’ technique, though he thought he had found the Age of Pisces and obviously did not know about quasi-ages.  This may be confusing to most astrologers as nearly everyone states that Jesus Christ was born at the beginning of the Pisces age, and even the incorrect method employed by Hipparchus refuses to have the fake Age of Pisces arrive in time for Jesus.

Hipparchus (c.190 BC – c.120 BC) Image in the Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=630396

However, this has been no problem for astrologers, as they just changed the goal posts and state that the Pisces age arrived in time for the birth of Jesus without any substantiation from anywhere.  There are two main reasons for this – most people place the avatar(s) of their own cultures in an exalted position, and will fiddle the books to achieve this. The other reason is that astrologers could never really use the fake ages effectively, as they are fake, and so it was all a messy business and why bother with the problematic details when everything is a mirage of smoke and mirrors anyway.  The Jupiter-Saturn synodic cycle partly filled the void instead.

It seems appropriate that the defining moment of the astrological ages by Hipparchus was erroneous  as they have remained pseudo ages for coincidentally the length of an age (c.2150 years) and just remain a shadow or possibility compared to most areas of astrology that have integrity.  Who should expect clarity from Pisces?  If it was the Virgo age, it would have been a totally different story.

One interesting aspect of this mess associated with the birth of the astrological ages is that Hipparchus’ technique for calibrating the astrological ages is relatively excellent for calibrating quasi-ages.  However, the big difference between quasi-ages and ages is that the subdivision of ages into age-decan, sub-ages and so on can never occur with quasi-ages, and must always be sourced back to the true ages.  For example, the three age-decan of any age must be derived from the age, not quasi-age.  The three sub-age decans cannot be derived from a quasi-age but the real age.  However, the quasi-age is excellent for perceiving which sign on the level of ages is the key sign.  So while the Age of Aquarius arrived in 1433, the world remains solidly in the Pisces quasi age until the year c.2053.  This is why astrologers believe we are on the cusp of the Pisces and Aquarian ages as even a relatively cursory assessment of the world displays the strength of both Pisces and Aquarius archetypes at this point in time. 

If anything, due to the nebulous and inexact nature of Pisces, the world remains more medieval than modern, though most people are deluded that we live in a modern world just because we have computers and rockets heading to the moon and Mars.  You only have to scratch the surface to see the prevalence of medievalism.  Medievalism is more based on faith and belief than facts or knowledge.  In the medieval world, anything that takes place that is ‘unpleasant’ or counter to the beliefs of the observer can just be labelled as fake news.  The contemporary approach to the astrological ages by most astrologers is an excellent example of medievalism in action.  According to our place in the Age of Aquarius (1433 – 3581) – this is to be expected as the first half of the Age of Aquarius (1433 – 2503) corresponds to the peak strength of Pisces in the 26,000 years cycle of the ages as ages behave like waves, not bricks in a wall.

So the next time you come across the astrological ages, and only the astrological ages, without any context of smaller periods within the ages, rest assured you are most likely experiencing the equivalent of an astrologer that can only talk about sun-signs and cannot even produce a horoscope.  It is a rarity that any sun-sign prediction I read about myself has any connection to what actually happens in the day, week, month or year ahead – though I must admit, when I read a sun-sign prediction, but substituting my sun with my ascendant sign, the accuracy significantly increases.  Nevertheless, no serious astrologer is going to be limited to only their sun-sign or ascendant, and no serious astrologer presenting the astrological ages is going to be limited to only the age unless they are only discussing mega-history, which by its very nature, is vague and obtuse.

It seems appropriate with all the recent claims of fake news, that we should have fake ages.

Libra micro-age decan & overflow (Sep 1746 – Sep 1751 – Aug 1756)

Within the Aquarius micro-age (Sep 1746 – Aug 1761) sits the Libra MAD&OF (Sep 1746 – Sep 1751 – Aug 1756) mimicking the similar Libra period coinciding with the First World War and Spanish Flu.  This Libra period is associated with the might of the Sagittarius quasi sub-age (1701 – 1880) sitting in the middle of the full Sagittarius sub-age and overflow (1612 – 1791 – 1970). This Sagittarius sub-age and overflow can be attributed with the modern economic miracle that has created the world today.

War & Conflict

War also makes its mark with the beginning of the Seven Years’ War (1756 – 1763) at the very end of this Libra period.  Such was the magnitude of the Seven Years’ War that some historians call it World War Zero as many considered it a world war[1] harking back to the Nine Years’ War (1688–1697) of the previous Libra period that was considered the first global war.  This strongly insinuates a diachronic relationship between major wars and these Libra periods and therefore should be of concern to us in the early 21st century with the Libra micro-age decan and overflow (Dec 2019 – Nov 2024 – Nov 2029). 

The Seven Years’ War was the outcome of the Diplomatic Revolution of 1756 involving a major realignment of European alliances which shifted the European balance of power – always part of the Libra milieu. Austria shifted alliances away from Great Britain to France, while Prussia shifted to Great Britain.  The Seven Years’ War was between Great Britain and France with most European countries aligned one way or the other.  The result of the Seven Years’ War propelled Great Britain into its superpower status, and curtailed the influence of France and Spain.  The Seven Years’ War in the North American theater was called the French and Indian War (1754 – 1763).  The UK obviously benefitted immensely from the Sagittarius quasi sub-age (1701 – 1880) suggesting this sign belongs in the UK’s astrological signature.

Under Pitt’s leadership, Britain’s position as the leading colonial power was confirmed by the Seven Years’ War.

Libra’s association with peace, despite its promotion of conflict, is clearly demonstrated in 1749 when at a ceremony in San Antonio, Texas (then a part of the New Spain province of Nuevo Santander), four Apache chiefs and Spanish colonial officials and missionaries literally buried the hatchet by placing weapons of war into a pit and covering it as a symbol that the Apaches and the Spaniards will fight no further war against each other![2]

Females

Another possible first for women was that of Hannah Snell (1723 – 1792), a British woman who disguised herself as a man and became a soldier.  After giving birth to a daughter (who lived only one year), Hannah borrowed a man’s suit and name, and began to search for her errant husband, who had abandoned her, only to learn that her husband had been executed. In 1745. She joined the army of the Duke of Cumberland against Bonnie Prince Charlie but deserted when her sergeant gave her 500 lashes and so she moved to Portsmouth and joined the Marines. In August 1748, her unit was sent to capture the French colony of Pondicherry in India. Later, she also fought in the battle in Devicottail in 1749 where she was wounded in the legs eleven times.  She was also shot in her groin and, to avoid revealing her sex, she instructed a local woman to take out the bullet instead of being tended by the regimental surgeon.  In 1750, her unit returned to Britain and traveled from Portsmouth to London, where she revealed her sex to her shipmates. She petitioned the Duke of Cumberland, the head of the army, for her pension – which was granted.[3]  In 1750 in London, Hanna Snell was on stage performing military drills in uniform playing in The Female Soldier.  Hannah Snell may have provided some inspiration to Sir Terry Pratchett’s novel Monstrous Regiment?

Libra’s rulership over marriage was also on display with the Marriage Act 1753, full title “An Act for the Better Preventing of Clandestine Marriage”, which was the first statutory legislation in England and Wales to require a formal ceremony of marriage. Previously, the only indispensable requirement was that the marriage be celebrated by an Anglican clergyman.[4]

The first female medical doctor in Germany graduated in 1754 at the age of 39 and approved by the king after she was declared a quack for her work with the poor before she was able to return to her formal medical studies.[5]  In 1748 Eva Ekeblad became the first female member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences – but only as an honorary member.  She was widely known for discovering a method in 1746 to make alcohol and flour from potatoes, allowing greater use of scarce grains for food production, significantly reducing Sweden’s incidence of famine.[6]

The Arts

Noticeable artistic developments also appeared in this Libra period. The Libra period saw the final years of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 – 1750) who was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period and since the 19th-century, he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time.  Two large-scale compositions occupied a central place in Bach’s last years. From around 1742 he wrote and revised The Art of Fugue, which has been described as:

 “Bach’s most universal church work. Consisting mainly of recycled movements from cantatas written over a thirty-five-year period, it allowed Bach to survey his vocal pieces one last time and pick select movements for further revision and refinement.”

Although the complete mass was never performed during the composer’s lifetime, it is considered to be among the greatest choral works in history[7] – a fitting achievement under this Libra period with the help of Sagittarius!

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer and his political philosophy influenced the progress of the Enlightenment throughout Europe, as well as aspects of the French Revolution and the development of modern political, economic and educational thought. His Discourse on Inequality and The Social Contract published in this Libra period are cornerstones in modern political and social thought. In Discourse on Inequality (1755) Rousseau explained how people may have established civil society, and this led him to conclude that private property is the original source and basis of all inequality.

“The first person who, having enclosed a plot of land, took it into his head to say this is mine and found people simple enough to believe him, was the true founder of civil society”

The Social Contract (1762) is a book in which Rousseau theorized about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality. The Social Contract helped inspire political reforms or revolutions in Europe, especially in France as it argued against the idea that monarchs were divinely empowered to legislate. Rousseau asserts that only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right.[8]

Charles Batteux’s The Fine Arts Reduced to a Single Principle was published in Paris in 1746, putting forward for the first time the idea of “les beaux arts” (the fine arts). The 1749 publication of The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, often known simply as Tom Jones, is a comic novel by Henry Fielding. It is among the earliest English works to be classified as a novel and is the earliest novel mentioned by W. Somerset Maugham in his 1948 book Great Novelists and Their Novels among the ten best novels of the world.[9]

In 1750, the Louvre Museum was created in Paris four years after public pressure on the King to allow the display of the royal art collection to the general public. An initial arrangement displayed 110 of the Crown’s paintings at the Palais du Luxembourg. This year also saw the first documented presentation of a musical in New York” at the Nassau Street Theatre, when a resident company of actors staged The Beggar’s Opera. In 1751, English poet Thomas Gray first published Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard claimed to be:

“probably still today the best-known and best-loved poem in English”.[10]

In 1752, the first performance of a Shakespearean play in America was performed when a company of players staged The Merchant of Venice in Williamsburg, Virginia.   In 1753, Spain’s Royal Academy of the Fine Arts was formally established, eight years after first being proposed to King Fernando VI. The foundation of the Royal Academy is considered by historians to be “an essential step in modernizing Spain” during the Spanish Enlightenment.

David Garrick (1717 – 1779) was an English actor, playwright, theatre manager and producer who influenced nearly all aspects of theatrical practice throughout the 18th century, and was a pupil and friend of Dr. Samuel Johnson. Very quickly after the arrival of this Libra period, Garrick partly took over the Drury Lane Theatre in April 1747 after some years of decline, leading to great success and accolades. The first performance opened with an Ode to Drury Lane Theatre, read by Garrick and written by his friend, Dr Johnson. The ode promised the patrons that

“The drama’s law the drama’s patrons give,

For we that live to please must please to live.”[11]

Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure—popularly known as Fanny Hill (possibly an Anglicization of the Latin mons veneris, mound of Venus)—is an erotic novel by English novelist John Cleland first published in London in 1748.  Its major departure from accepted morals of the times was that it was widely considered to be the first work to focus on the idea of sexual deviance being an act of pleasure, rather than something that was simply shameful.[12] Thus this book contributes to the multi-century liberation of women. 

Casanova (1725 – 1798), the virtual living god of love, was in his heyday during this Libra period, as in 1755 he was imprisoned for his various and nefarious misdeeds according to the religious morals of those times.  He has become so famous for his often complicated and elaborate love affairs that his name is now synonymous with “womanizer”. No matter where he resided his police records usually involved a long list of reported blasphemies, seductions, fights, and public controversies.  He set off on a grand tour heading to Paris in 1750 and along the way he got into sexual escapades resembling operatic plots from one town to the next.  Casanova claimed to be a Rosicrucian and an alchemist, aptitudes which made him popular with some of the most prominent figures of the era, among them Madame de Pompadour, Count de Saint-Germain, d’Alembert, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau.  Due to Casanova’s exploits, the noun “Casanova” means “Lover; especially a man who is a promiscuous and unscrupulous lover”.   His autobiography, Story of My Life, written after this Libra period, is regarded as one of the most authentic sources of the customs and norms of European social life during the 18th century.[13] 

Libra’s association with sugar is reinforced by the invention of extracting sugar from beets by a German chemist in 1747using alcohol and one of his students went on to devise an economical industrial method later in the century which created the sugar industry in Europe.[14]  Sugar sits on the dark side of Libra!

The minuet was a new style of elegant dance that dominated European ballrooms from around 1650 for about a century and has been called “the age of the minuet”.  It was a precursor to the waltz. At the great balls of the French court at Versailles, the minuet was the high point of the festivities, which culminated in a suite of dances.  It is highly synchronous that this new dance craze came into vogue in the middle of this small Libra period, and Libra seems to have provided the timing for what otherwise is usually associated with Pisces.

The Royal Society of the Arts was established in England in 1754 but until it received its Royal Charter in 1908, was called Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce.  This is the first known organization to use the word “sustainability” in the environmental sense (in 1980). By 1754, a notable change in style was noted in France with the first appearance of the boudoir – a room dedicated to women.  Also, interior design moved from the (Capricorn) formal and stately to the elegant with gardens becoming naturalistic and furniture more comfortable and light.[15]

America

In 1754 Benjamin Franklin called for the “voluntary” union of the 13 British colonies in North America supported by the British governments in an attempt to solve the Indian problem.  Though the union was primarily oriented towards the American Indians, those Indians present were left dissatisfied as their interests were being undermined.[16]

Conclusion

Such was the magnitude of the Seven Years’ War (1756 – 1763) it was called World War Zero as it was noted to have similarities to the Nine Years’ War (1688–1697) of the previous Libra period that was considered the first global war.  Major war or conflict should be expected in Libra micro-ages and micro-age decans by default! The Seven Years’ War was based on a major realignment of European alliances which shifted the European balance of power and ticking the Libra box. There was no particular famous female from this period, but Hanna Snell fills the void with her disguise as a male soldier.  The first statutory regulation of marriage in England and Wales is also a salute to Libra and the first female doctor in Germany indicates Libra was not asleep.  It should be noted that this is the final Libra backbone in the weakest quarter (1433 – 1791) of the full Libra age-decan (1433 – 2149) and overflow (2149 – 2865) and so we should not expect an overwhelming influence of Libra at this first o0f four stages of the Libra age-decan and overflow.

The arts however was on a roll with the final years of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 – 1750) considered one of the greatest composers of all time, Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778) with his The Social Contract and Discourse on Inequality, and Charles Batteux’s promotion of the fine arts.  The age of the minuet promoting elegant dancing and ultimately leading to the Waltz is also appropriate for Libra.  Tom Jones by Henry Fielding possibly produced the earliest of the great English novelists.  The opening of the Louvre Museum in Paris, the first musical in New York and first Shakespearean play in America, possibly the best known poem in England and Spain’s Royal Academy of the Fine Arts and the success of the Drury Lane Theatre in London are witnesses to the strength of Libra at this point of time. The Royal Society of the Arts was established in England.

The erotic Fanny Hill contributed to the multi-century liberation of women and the alignment of Casanova in peak form, the virtual living god of love, indicates Libra’s presence and also provided valuable historical information about European social life of the time.  Libra’s addiction to sugar is again evident with the invention of extracting sugar from beets. A call for the “voluntary” union of the 13 British colonies in North America by Benjamin Franklin was a foretaste of what was to come!


[1] “Why the first world war wasn’t really”, The Economist. 2014-07-01.

[2] 1749, Wikipedia,  Retrieved 01:44, December 22, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1749&oldid=972698385

[3] Hannah Snell, Wikipedia, Retrieved 02:03, December 22, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hannah_Snell&oldid=995270424

[4] Marriage Act 1753, Wikipedia, Retrieved 02:19, December 22, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marriage_Act_1753&oldid=978211874

[5] Chronicle of the World, p 701

[6] Eva Ekeblad, Wikipedia, Retrieved 01:34, December 22, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eva_Ekeblad&oldid=989158656

[7] Johann Sebastian Bach, Wikipedia, Retrieved 07:06, March 17, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Johann_Sebastian_Bach&oldid=1011362677

[8] Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Wikipedia, Retrieved 07:57, March 17, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jean-Jacques_Rousseau&oldid=1012412906

[9] The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, Wikipedia, Retrieved 01:38, December 22, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_History_of_Tom_Jones,_a_Foundling&oldid=993257863

[10] Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard, Wikipedia, Retrieved 02:08, December 22, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elegy_Written_in_a_Country_Churchyard&oldid=992893392

[11] David Garrick, Wikipedia, Retrieved 06:51, March 17, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=David_Garrick&oldid=1011964042

[12] Fanny Hill, Wikipedia, Retrieved 01:29, December 22, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fanny_Hill&oldid=993181179

[13] Giacomo Casanova, Wikipedia, Retrieved 06:40, April 4, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Giacomo_Casanova&oldid=1015784754

[14] History of sugar, Wikipedia, Retrieved 05:44, April 4, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_sugar&oldid=1015785094

[15] Chronicle of the World, p703

[16] Chronicle of the World, p701

Libra micro-age decan & overflow (January 1692 – December 1701)

The Gemini micro-age (Jan 1687 – Dec 1701) contains a Libra MAD&OF (Jan 1692 – Jan 1697 – Dec 1701) and mimics to a certain extent the early 21st-century configuration – the Libra micro-age decan and overflow (Dec 2019 – Nov 2029). The major influence of the late 17th century was the Leo sub-age decan overflow (1672 – 1731) which appropriately restored the English monarchy and all the opulent embellishments made taboo during the grim years of Cromwell’s Puritans. This period called The Restoration commenced prior to this Libra period in 1660 when the pendulum of English morality swung from repression to license more or less overnight.  This small Libra period was therefore rejoicing in its newly returned frivolity of all types.

The First Global War

Once again, a major conflict was in place though it had already commenced prior to this Libra period, but it was mostly within the Libra period that the fiercest fighting occurred in 1692-3.  The Nine Years’ War (1688–1697) was a conflict between France and an opposing European coalition which included England, Spain and Portugal with theatres also in North America and India. Its importance in association with this Libra period is that this war is not only considered to be the first global war – but also is considered a precursor to the two world wars of the 20th century.

The Nine Years’ War encompassed Ireland and Jacobite risings in Scotland (with some later elements of the Jacobite risings partly portrayed in the TV series Outlander), and North America between French and English settlers and their respective Indigenous allies.  England was once again threatened by invasion, this time by the new European bully – France (which had replaced Spain as the key European power to be reckoned with, but this imminent invasion was thwarted by the destruction of the French navy in 1692.  The last year of this Libra period saw the beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) due to unresolved issues of the Nine Years’ War with a focus on maintaining the (Libra) balance of power between different European countries.[1]

Politics

In 1693, William Penn’s (the founder of Pennsylvania) growing concern about the devastation of perennial (Aries) war in Europe resulted in his observation that a “European dyet, or parliament”,[2] was necessary to prevent further war, without going into details.  This is why the Libra world that is coming our way will probably include an international government as even in 1693, people recognized that without an overarching government, such as maintained in the heyday of Ancient Rome, the Mongol Empire and so on, peace is otherwise difficult if not impossible. Genghis Khan is believed to have boasted that a virgin carrying a bag of gold could traverse his empire by foot without fear. Those regions such as Ancient Greece that never unified were always at war with each other.  Indian and Chinese states were regularly at war with each other except when united under one ruler.

In 1692 the Chinese emperor issued the Edict of Toleration of Christianity followed in 1698 with a similar statement of Islam stating:

“Even if you pacify the Hui people and then impede their religious practice, would it be possible to convert them to Buddhism, and have them bow and pray before the lamas? Now that the empire is at peace, make things run the way they are. Forcing them to assimilate is definitely not practical.”[3]

USA & Australia

This period saw the first known publication of an anti-slavery text in the future USA by Samuel Sewall in 1700.  In The Selling of Joseph (1700), he came out strongly against slavery, making him one of the earliest colonial abolitionists.  Sewell argued, “Liberty is in real value next unto Life: None ought to part with it themselves, or deprive others of it, but upon the most mature Consideration.”[4]  The first permanent European settlement of Louisiana occurred in 1699 (now in Mississippi) but the first European explorers had arrived in 1528 in a previous Libra period – the Libra micro-age decan and overflow (December 1527 – November 1537).

Some major discoveries of Australia’s western coastline during this Libra period was made by William Dampier (c.1651 – 1715).  In 1699 Dampier voyaged to New Holland (Australia) and though he was commissioned to explore the east coast, he actually arrived on the west coast (Western Australia) and then travel north, ending up in Timor and also explored the north coast of New Guinea.  His navigational prowess aided later voyages by James Cook and Horatio Nelson and his notes of the flora and fauna was read by Joseph Banks who later became the naturalists on some of Cook’s voyages.  Dampier’s’ voyages influenced a number of novels including Robinson Crusoe, Gulliver’s Travels and The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and he believed to be the first to write in English the words “barbecue”, “avocado”, “chopsticks” and “sub-species” plus first recorded the recipes for guacamole and mango chutney.[5] 

Females & Witches

With Libra’s female focus, the Salem, Massachusetts witch trials (1692 – 1693) accused more than 200 people of witchcraft with 30 found guilty, 19 were executed by hanging (14 women and five men). One other man was pressed to death for refusing to plead, and at least five people died in jail. It was the deadliest witch hunt in the history of colonial North America. Only fourteen other women and two men had been executed in Massachusetts and Connecticut during the 17th century.  The after effects of these trials at least produced the pertinent insight that:

“it were better that one hundred Witches should live, than that one person be put to death for a witch, which is not a Witch” [6] 

This shattered the ideal of theocracy in North America based on governments supposedly having God at its head – similar to the aims of ISIS (ISIL) in the early 21st century. Samuel Sewall was one of the judges of the Salem witch trials but later retracted his position and publicly acknowledged his guilt and expressed contrition for condemning the witches on trial.

The Scottish Paisley witches were tried in 1697 after the young daughter of the Laird of Bargarran, complained of being tormented by some local witches – which included one of her family’s servants, whom she had reported after witnessing her steal a drink of milk.  Seven people were found guilty of having bewitched Shaw and were condemned to death – the last mass execution for witchcraft in Western Europe.  Shortly afterwards the former Scottish Secretary of State stated that:

“the parliaments of France and other judicatories who are persuaded of the being of witches never try them now because of the experience they have had that it’s impossible to distinguish possession from nature in disorder”.[7]  

These witchcraft trials represent the ending phase of the persecution of mainly (Libra) females as witches, and any Libra period will promote positive or negative events associated with women.

The Arts

The Relapse, (also known as Virtue in Danger) was a Restoration comedy from 1696. This play is a sequel to Colley Cibber’s Love’s Last Shift where a free-living Restoration rake is brought to repentance and reform by the ruses of his wife, while in The Relapse, the rake succumbs again to temptation and has a new love affair while his virtuous wife is also subjected to a determined seduction attempt, and resists with difficulty. In the 18th century, the prevailing tolerant attitude towards actual and attempted adultery gradually became unacceptable, and the original play was for a century replaced on the stage by a moralized version A Trip to Scarborough. On the modern stage, The Relapse has been established as one of the most popular Restoration comedies.  The Libra connection is obvious.

William Congreve’s comedy The Way of the World was first performed in London in 1700.  It is widely regarded as one of the best Restoration comedies, initially however, the play struck many audience members as continuing the immorality of the previous decades, and was not well received. In 1700, the world of London theatre-going had changed significantly because Charles II jubilant court, that had reveled in its licentiousness and opulence, had been replaced by the far more dour and utilitarian Dutch-inspired court of William of Orange –  a military king who was reported to be hostile to drama.

One of the features of a Restoration comedy is the (Libra) opposition of the witty and courtly (and Cavalier) rake and the dull-witted man of business or the country bumpkin, who is understood to be not only unsophisticated but often either Puritan or another form of dissenter. In 1685, the courtly and Cavalier side was in power, and Restoration comedies belittled the bland and foolish losers of the Restoration. However, by 1700, the other side was ascendant.

The Way of the World’s recreation of the older Restoration comedy’s patterns is only one of the things that made the play unusual.  The 1688 revolution concerning the overthrow of James II created a new set of social codes primarily amongst the bourgeoisie – their rise can be attributed to the newly arrived Sagittarius sub-age (1612 – 1791) bringing wealth and a growing middle class. The new capitalist system meant an increasing emphasis on property and property law. Thus, the play is packed with (Libra) legal jargon and financial and (Libra) marital contracts. These new (Libra) legal aspects allowed some female characters to secure their freedom through an equitable trust and for equality in marriage through a prenuptial agreement.[8]

Also appropriately for this Libra period, The Fairy-Queen was first produced in 1692 by Henry Purcell (1659 – 1695), a semi-opera and a “Restoration spectacular”. The libretto is an adaptation of William Shakespeare’s comedy A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Purcell works were a uniquely English form of Baroque music and he is considered to be the greatest English composer up until the 20th century.  Five of his most notable seven works were composed during this Libra period.  Though not commonly known, his music has been widely applied in the 20th century. He composed an anthem and two elegies for Queen Mary II’s funeral which provided the title music of the 1971 film by Stanley Kubrick, A Clockwork Orange. Pete Townsend of The Who states that Purcell was an influence in their music including the introduction to Pinball Wizard as was the case with the Pet Shop Boys.  Purcell’s compositions also found their way into the movie Kramer vs. Kramer, the 2005 film version of Pride and Prejudice, and the German-language 2004 movie, Downfall to name a few. He died in 1695 during this Libra period at the height of his fame.[9] 

Some eponymous female characters appeared in this Libra period when in 1697 the French writer Charles Perrault published Mother Goose tales, a collection of popular fairy tales, including Cinderella, Red Riding Hood and The Sleeping Beauty.  Libra’s aesthetic side was on display in 1693 when the first known form of eau de Cologne was created. In 1700, an inventory made for the Medici family of Florence contains the first documented evidence of a piano, invented by their instrument keeper Bartolomeo Cristofori.

Snow White by Alexander Zick – Märchen, Grot’scher Verlag, Berlin 1975, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6330197

Conclusion

The precursor of the two 20th century world wars but with France the protagonist against most other European powers indicates that Libra is not shy when it comes to major conflicts.  Such was the atmosphere of conflict that William Penn introduced the concept of a united Europe which had to wait until the arrival of the Libra sub-age (1970 – 2149) to see this dream manifest as a partial reality with the creation of the European Union.  On the other side of the world, China was turning towards religious toleration for its Muslim subjects and newly arrived Christians.  The earliest anti-slavery text in North America highlights a very early example of the precursor to the Black Lives Matter movement but the author was complicit at the infamous Salem witch trials again demonstrate the active persecution of mainly women and this same period saw the last mass execution for witchcraft in Western Europe following the Scottish Paisley witch trials.  The turning point for the persecution of witches seems to have occurred with this Libra period.  Australia also continued getting attention under Libra with much of the remaining uncharted coastline of north west of Australia mapped by William Dampier while in North America, Louisiana was first settled.

Marital comedies with relevant social issues were the rage with The Relapse and William Congreve’s comedy The Way of the World. The Fairy-Queen was first produced in 1692 and the first appearances of Cinderella, Little Red Riding Hood and Sleeping Beauty brought the world these very famous female characters.  The appearance of eau de Cologne and the first known piano cements this period to archetypes belonging to Libra.

References


[1] War of the Spanish Succession, Wikipedia, Retrieved 04:41, December 23, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=War_of_the_Spanish_Succession&oldid=991913244

[2] Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 198–200. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.

[3] ‘Towards an Understanding of Qianlong’s Conception of Islam. A Study of the Dedication Inscriptions of the Fragrant Concubine’s Mosque in the Imperial Capital’, Journal of Chinese Studies 中國文化研究所學報, 53 (2011): 139.

[4] Samuel Sewall, Wikipedia, Retrieved 04:09, March 14, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Samuel_Sewall&oldid=1005944027

[5] William Dampier, Wikipedia, Retrieved 02:24, March 14, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=William_Dampier&oldid=1004451140

[6] Salem witch trials, Wikipedia, Retrieved 04:55, December 23, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Salem_witch_trials&oldid=991123064

[7] Levack, Brian P. (2003), Witchcraft Sourcebook, Routledge, p263 ISBN 978-0-415-19506-5,

[8] The Way of the World, Wikipedia, Retrieved 05:43, December 23, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Way_of_the_World&oldid=933832985

[9] Henry Purcell, Wikipedia, Retrieved 06:21, January 11, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Henry_Purcell&oldid=998920043

Libra in Australia

December 2019 witnessed the arrival of the Libra micro-age decan (Dec 2019 – Nov 2024), and it is now making itself felt in Australia – and some would say with a vengeance, as Libra rules justice and women amongst other archetypes.  Historical research shows that when Libra is strong, that there is a greater than average focus upon women, for better or worse, and a push for justice. 

The female focus is not always positive, as the examination of previous similar Libra periods, since the arrival of the Age of Aquarius in the 15th century, indicates that the level of persecution against females reached new heights – especially in the early centuries of the Age of Aquarius when many governments passed laws against witches who were usually just mature intelligent women.  This mainly occurred under the dark auspices of the Capricorn sub-age and overflow (1433 – 1612 – 1791) when Satan allegorically took control or highly influenced many institutions including religions.  In the following centuries, the obstruction of women shifted from witches to preventing females from being able to vote, and a whole host of laws persecuting women such as the criminalization of abortion, lack of property rights, and so on.  Even in ‘modern’ Australia, women are prejudiced in their income level compared to men doing the same job not to mention the glass ceiling. 

Of course, the environment for females has also seen exponential improvement since the arrival of the first age-decan in the Age of Aquarius – the Libra age-decan (1433 – 2149), more so in western nations and less so in less developed nations.  But what most astrologers do not know is that we are approaching the business end of the Libra age-decan (1433 – 2149) further emphasized by the final sub-age – which is of the same zodiacal sign.  Currently the world is in the Libra sub-age (1970 – 2149), and this combined with the Libra age-decan indicates the heat is being turned up for all Libra archetypes.  Furthermore, the current Libra micro-age decan is the first appearance of a Libra micro-age decan in the current Libra sub-age, and this Libra micro-age decan can be called the baptism of the Libra sub-age (but not the baptism of the massive Libra age-decan).  Baptisms get the ball rolling – or moving in a new direction!

Since February 2021, the Australian government commenced getting overwhelmed by charges of sexual assault by female government staffers, commencing with claims by Brittany Higgins that:

“she was raped by a colleague in the offices of the defence minister in 2019 just before the election and that she felt she was told a police report would affect her future employment as a staffer.” 

A string of claims have subsequently come to light including against Christian Porter, a federal cabinet minister who is alleged he viciously raped a fellow student when he was 17 and she was 16. Due to the woman recently committing suicide, any alleged offense cannot easily or readily be taken before a law court due to her death.  The alleged cover up of sexual assaults has revealed the injustice applied to women who find themselves embroiled in issues of sexual assault by their ‘superiors’.  It seems that every few days, another woman comes forward with more accusations of sexual assault against them involving the Australian government. 

The 2021 Australian of the year and sexual assault survivor Grace Tame recently stated:  

‘we are on the precipice of a revolution’

…. and the astrology agrees with her. Her address to the (Australian) National Press Club covered a number of issues including:

“The upshot of allowing predators a voice but not survivors encourages the criminal behaviour.” 

2021 Australian of the Year Grace Tame addresses the National Press Club on 3 March 2021. Photograph: Mick Tsikas/AAP

Grace was fairly scathing of the Australian (federal) government’s handling of the recent sexual assault allegations.

It appears that the new generation of younger Australian women or not ‘behaving’ and instead creating a commotion against sexual assault.  This does coincide with the current Libra micro-age decan (Dec 2019 – Nov 2024) which is the latest vertebrae to appear in the backbone of the massive Libra age-decan and overflow (1413 – 2149 – 2865).  In thousands of years’ time, the current millennium will probably be known as the Millennium of Women! 

Independent of sexual assault, Libra promotes justice and female equality, and the case of Kathleen Folbigg, who has been in prison for 17 years following the death of four of her babies, again raises the issue of injustice applied to females. Leading scientific experts are now arguing that all four of her children had rare genetic conditions that could explain their deaths.  This case possibly harks back to the imprisonment of Lindy Chamberlain following the death of her baby by a dingo – this was clearly nothing else other than a modern witch persecution.

Australian sex discrimination commissioner Kate Jenkins, appointed to lead a review into parliament’s workplace culture, believes Australia is at a “turning point” on sexual harassment and assault. “I’ve never seen any moment like this,” she said.

Other relevant articles include:

Canberra’s pale, stale and male tribe is missing the moment

The Liberal party has a problem with women. The parliament has a problem with women. Australia has a problem with women.

Craig Kelly’s senior aide faces multiple allegations of inappropriate behaviour made by young women.

Julie Bishop takes aim at federal government ministers over handling of rape allegations

‘This is the moment to get really pissed off’: Australian women demand change to heal wounds

Libra will not affect every country or region equally, as it depends upon the specific astrological signature.  In Australia’s case, it appears that Sagittarius, Capricorn and Aries are in Australia’s astrological signature, and despite Libra being opposite in nature to Aries, there is a good case to include Libra at some place on Australia’s totem pole.  This is supported by the fact that Abel Tasman virtually discovered Australia (for Europeans) in an earlier Libra period:

“The discovery of Tasmania (an island south of the Australian mainland) and New Zealand in 1642 by Abel Tasman (1603 – 1659) followed by the charting of northern and western Australia (New Holland) two years later suggests a Libra connection to Australia and New Zealand especially as these voyages occurred at the pinnacle of this Libra period.”

See: Libra micro-age and overflow (April 1627 – May 1642 – April 1657)

For most people outside of Australia, the above sexual assault issue is something they either are unaware of, or perhaps have heard some brief news in the media, one way or another.  This begs the question, how many other countries or regions are experiencing Libra’s lash but unknown internationally?  We don’t usually think that Libra has a hard side, but many ancient cultures oftentimes associated Venus, the ruler of Libra, with war or conflict.  It would be interesting to learn all the areas internationally where Libra is currently making its mark?  The election of Kamala Harris as the first female vice president in the USA is part of Libra’s machinations – and the BIG question is – will she become president?  The Black Lives Matter is certainly another example of Libra making its presence felt.  Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, has increasingly been demonized.

Piers Morgan to leave Good Morning Britain after Meghan row

Currently, the world is in the weakest quarter of the Libra micro-age decan and overflow (Dec 2019 – Nov 2024 – Nov 2029) and the temperature should be significantly turned up around 2024 – 2027 when Libra is in its most powerful quarter.  There are many unanswered questions about what we should expect in the rest of the current Libra period – but the one thing is certain, Libra archetypes will be promoted.  One of the most interesting aspects of the zodiacal signs is they can reinvent and produce new twists on established archetypes.  We have to look for any new twists to Libra. For example, Libra is guilty of the obesity epidemic that has only really appeared in the world since the arrival of the Libra sub-age in 1970.   It is possible that the relative inaction of the majority of countries around the world in their handling of the COVID-19 pandemic can be attributed to Libra – the sign of inaction!

Virtually no one alive today has experienced the current level of Libra that arrived in December 2019, as the last Libra period of similar strength occurred from December 1910 to October 1920 – a stressful period known for the First World War and Spanish Flu.  To keep up to date with my research on Libra periods since the arrival of the Age of Aquarius, please see The Backbone of the Libra Age-Decan (1433 – 2149).

POSTSCRIPT

Not only does the Libra micro-age decan (Dec 2019 – Nov 2024) promote issues associated with females, but even the timing of this confrontation between the changing expectations of young Australian women and the Australian government can be determined by further sub-divisions of the Libra micro-age decan.  The Libra MAD is one third of the Gemini micro-age (Dec 2014 – Nov 2029) which also contains 12 nano-ages (approx. 15 months each).  The nano-age in effect for February and March 2021 is the Capricorn nano-age (Dec 2019 – Mar 2021). 

Each nano-age also has three nano-age decans, and the period October 2020 to March 2021 is within the Capricorn nano-age decan (Oct 2020 – Mar 2021) thus further promoting the influence of Capricorn – a key sign for governments.  Governments are usually downstream from society which means they are usually more conservative than the average person, and conservatism is ruled by Capricorn.

Drilling down even further, each 15 month nano-age has 12 five week pica ages, and the Capricorn pica age covers most of the months of February and March 2021. Thus Capricorn has reached its penultimate force at the same time as the sexual assault issue hit the Australian government.  Combining Capricorn with Libra provides the astrological smoking gun for this situation.

Libra micro-age and overflow (April 1627 – May 1642 – April 1657)

This is a ‘full size’ 30 year Libra period being the Libra MA&OF (April 1627 – May 1642 – April 1657) and is the second of this size in the Libra age-decan (1433 – 2149). The most significant influence for this Libra period was dour old Capricorn, and its negative influence upon gay Libra is readily identifiable in many of the historical events of this period – especially the absence of notable women.  This Libra period fell under the shadow of the Capricorn sub-age overflow (1612 – 1791).

As to be expected, some major conflicts affected this Libra period and the major conflict of note is the British Civil Wars (1639 – 1653) and therefore closely shadowing the Libra MA&OF (1627 – 1657).  The wars included rebellions, civil wars and invasions with the most important being the English Civil War which ended when the English parliamentarian army won followed by the execution of the king, the abolition of the monarchy, and the founding of the Commonwealth of England which lasted until 1660 – only a few years past the end of this Libra period. [1] No English king had ever been previously executed.  The English Civil War, similar to the American Civil War, was a major event in the history of the UK.  Family was against family, and in all regions of Great Britain, the population was fairly evenly split in their loyalties to the crown or parliament.

Some historians claim that this civil war was the result of the arrival of the Renaissance into England which changed the balance of power, but governments tend to lag behind such changes at their peril.  The Puritans played a decisive role, and the Puritans were energized Protestants, and Protestants do represent the arrival of the Age of Aquarius into Europe as many of Protestant features invoke Aquarius such as anti the pope (anti the magnificent Leo leader), and the fact that the Protestant cults usually had strong democratic features as opposed to the hierarchical structure of the Roman Catholic Church modelled after the government of Ancient Rome. 

Oliver Cromwell (1599 – 1658) was the head of state (Lord Protector) under the new commonwealth.  However his approach quickly fell out of favor after his death and his corpse was subsequently dug up, hung in chains, and beheaded. Cromwell is one of the most controversial figures in British and Irish history, considered a regicidal dictator by some, and a military dictator by Winston Churchill, a class revolutionary by Leon Trotsky, and a hero of liberty by John Milton.  Cromwell was a Puritan who used his political power to actively promote the suppression of vice and encouraged virtue.[2]  Cromwell’s main generational sign was Aquarius, and his more fine-tuned generation was an Aquarius-Capricorn generation with Aquarius providing the revolutionary spirit and Capricorn the conservative Puritanism.

People today just do not understand the excitement unleashed by the Protestant revolution and arrival of the Age of Science early in the Age of Aquarius.  These excited people were able to seize the government of England for a while, and stamp out the monarchy like it was a cigarette which provided the first Aquarius revolution in the new age.  However, Aquarius is always detrimental to the UK as the UK has Leo high in its astrological signature.  It did not take long for the monarchy to return and Aquarius’ revolutionary zeal headed to North America!

A number of developments occurred due to the English Civil War with close ties to Libra.  In 1641 English law made witchcraft a capital crime (Capricorn and Libra) and a few years later in 1644 the first witch-hunter made his career in the eastern counties of England. In 1642 the English Parliament ordered the closure of all theatres in London, effectively ending the era of English Renaissance theatre established in the previous Libra period and followed by the banning of all stage plays in theatres anywhere in the country due to the stern approach to life adopted by the Puritans.  The Taliban, ISIS and ISIL were merely following in the footsteps of European fascism from earlier centuries.

Libra the balance may have archetypally influenced the appearance of the Levellers, a political movement during the English Civil War (1642–1651) with (Libra) justice strongly represented in its manifesto – popular sovereignty, extended suffrage, equality before the law and religious tolerance. The hallmark of Leveller philosophy was its emphasis on equal natural rights.  They were not the only ones going down this path.

The Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers was formed in 1648 from ‘divine insight’ and as a Protestant Christian cult, its relevance to this Libra period is its opposition to (Aries) war and elevation of women.  In the 1650s, individual Quaker women prophesied and preached publicly, developed charismatic personae and spread the word. This practice was bolstered by the movement’s firm concept of spiritual equality for men and women. Thus the Quakers were unwittingly in service to Libra (and the spirit of Aquarius).  Interestingly, early Quakers disliked paganism so they refused to use the usual names of the days of the week, since they were derived from the names of pagan deities (planetary gods) and they refused to celebrate Christmas because they believed it was based on pagan festivities – which is true as the early Christian church borrowed Saturnalia from the Romans and rebadged it as Christmas (the general consensus of historians is that Jesus was not born in December).[3]  Only a few years past this Libra period in 1662 Quakers were persecuted for a time in the UK and American persecution commenced in 1656, only a year before the end of this Libra period, and four Quakers were actually hanged in 1660 in Boston.[4]

Libra’s connection to jurisprudence is again clearly demonstrated with the publication of a series of legal treatises The Institutes of the Lawes of England which were written and published between 1628 and 1644. Widely recognized as a foundational document for English common law, they have been cited in over 70 cases decided by the Supreme Court of the United States, including several landmark cases including Roe v. Wade (1973), where The Institutes were cited as evidence that under old English common law, an abortion performed before quickening was not an indictable offence. An earlier case in 1895 referred to The Institutes for their definition of monopolies.[5]

The publication in 1644 of Areopagitica; A speech of Mr. John Milton for the Liberty of Unlicenc’d Printing, to the Parlament of England by the English poet John Milton who strongly opposed censorship is amongst history’s most influential and impassioned philosophical defenses of the principle of a right to freedom of speech and expression. Many of its expressed principles have formed the basis for modern justifications.  Milton has been acclaimed as the “greatest English author”, and he is regarded “as one of the preeminent writers in the English language”. John Milton also promoted the legitimacy of divorce publishing The Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce in 1643 which was considered heretical at the time.  Libra’s quest for justice is again displayed.

Thomas Hobbes (1588 – 1679) was an English philosopher who is considered to be one of the founders of modern political philosophy. He is best known for his 1651 book Leviathan, in which he expounds an influential formulation of social contract theory.  Social contract definitely has a Libran tinge and the main argument is that individuals have consented, one way or another, to surrender some of their freedoms and submit to the authority (of the ruler, or to the decision of a majority) in exchange for protection of their remaining rights or maintenance of the social order. Hobbes was an early exponent of this balanced argument.[6]

Colonial America contributed to Libra even at this extremely early stage. In 1628 Puritans settled Salem, which later became part of Massachusetts Bay Colony.  In 1629 around 350 English Puritans sailed from England to Salem, to settle in the Massachusetts Bay Colony which was granted a Royal Charter in the following year and it became a self-governing entity.  The following year brought another 700 passengers including Anne Bradstreet, America’s first poet of significance and who in 1646, became a founding mother of Andover Parish (modern-day North Andover), Massachusetts.

1630 saw the settling of Boston and a group of emigrants arrived at Southampton Hundred, on the James River in Virginia.  The first governor was appointed to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1631 with the first English settlement in Maryland and in the following year Charles I of England issued a charter for the colony of Maryland.  Also in 1631, the Dutch West India Company started a settlement of the Delaware River.   In 1634 a group from the Plymouth Colony settled in Windsor, Connecticut, making it the first settlement in the state.  In 1635 Roger Williams (theologian) founded Rhode Island. And such was the rush to the colonies, in 1637 King Charles I of England issued a proclamation, attempting to stem emigration to the North American colonies.

In 1637 Elizabeth Poole became the first woman to found a town in the Americas – Taunton, Massachusetts.  In the following year, Anne Hutchinson was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for heresy, and moved to Rhode Island.  In 1643 the New England Confederation (also known as the United Colonies of New England) was formed as a military alliance comprising the colonies of Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Saybrook (Connecticut), and New Haven. Its primary purpose was to unite the Puritan colonies in support of the church, and for defense against the American Indians and the Dutch colony of New Netherland. It was the first milestone on the long road to colonial unity.  Interestingly, even at this early stage, the nascent American psyche was on display as John Quincy Adams remarked two centuries later:

“Its history, like that of other confederacies, presents a record of incessant discord – of encroachments by the most powerful party upon the weaker members, and of disregard, by all the separate members, of the conclusions adopted by the whole body. Still the main purpose of the union was accomplished.”[7]

The Pisces American psyche is aptly demonstrated in the above statement.

In 1652, Rhode Island passed the first law in North America making slavery illegal.[8]  In 1655 John Casor, became the first legally recognized slave, as a result of a civil case.  He was the first person of African descent in the Thirteen Colonies to be declared as a slave for life.  His master was perversely a freed African-American and the Virginian court sustained the right of free blacks to own slaves.  Laws racializing slavery hardened during Casor’s lifetime and after this Libra period in 1662, the Virginia Colony made a ruling that children of enslaved mothers would be born into slavery, regardless of their father’s race or status. This was in contradiction to English common law for English subjects, which based a child’s status on that of their father.[9] However, this does shift the emphasis to Libra even if it is perverse!

One of the earliest voices for modern democratic ideals in the USA was pioneered by Roger Williams (1603 – 1683), the founder of what would become the Colony of Rhode Island.  Though he was a Puritan minister, he was also a staunch advocate for religious freedom, separation of church and state, and fair dealings with Native Americans, and he was one of the first abolitionists as he organized the first attempt to prohibit slavery in any of England’s North American colonies. His views were far too liberal for the conservative Puritans of the Massachusetts Bay authorities and in 1635, he was convicted of sedition and heresy. They declared that he was spreading “diverse, new, and dangerous opinions”.  He was considered an important historical figure of religious liberty at the time of American independence, and he was a key influence on the thinking of the Founding Fathers.[10]  Even at this early formative time, with Roger Williams we see the divergence of American culture between modern and medieval in line with Pisces, represented by two fish swimming in opposite directions.  Pisces is the number one sign for the USA and this Pisces-divergent culture remains in place and recently demonstrated by the presidency of Donald Trump.

The discovery of Tasmania (an island south of the Australian mainland) and New Zealand in 1642 by Abel Tasman (1603 – 1659) followed by the charting of northern and western Australia (New Holland) two years later suggests a Libra connection to Australia and New Zealand especially as these voyages occurred at the pinnacle of this Libra period.

China was also a major focus within this Libra period. In 1627 the Manchus took advantage of Korea’s war-weakened state due to the unsuccessful Japanese invasion in the previous Libra period and invaded in 1627 and 1637, and this was even before the Manchus had taken over China.  In 1637 a Chinese encyclopedist published Exploitation of the Works of Nature which is considered one of the most valuable encyclopedias of classical China.  In 1641 a massive epidemic struck in northern and central China with some local areas and towns having 90% of the local populace wiped out, which may have contributed to the fall of the Ming Dynasty just three years later. In 1644 the invading Qing army captured Beijing marking the beginning of Manchu rule over China proper.  The Ming dynasty had ruled over China from 1368 to 1644 while the Qing dynasty survived until 1912 (also in a Libra period).  This major and highly significant political development in China supports a close connection between Libra and China.  However, the 1368 commencement of the Qing dynasty occurred in a Cancer sub-age decan (1314 – 1373) and Cancer appears to be the most powerful sign associated with China. 

On the artistic level, in 1642, Rembrandt finished his painting, The Night Watch – the most substantial of the important group portrait commissions which he received in this period.  In the decade following the Night Watch, Rembrandt’s paintings gave way to the use of frontal lighting and larger and more saturated areas of color. At the same time, there was a marked decrease in painted works in favor of etchings and drawings of landscapes. In these graphic works natural drama eventually made way for quiet Dutch rural scenes.  Libra’s rulership of parks and gardens is coming into play! 

Rubens’s (1557 – 1640) later period coincided with the first part of this Libra period.  He is considered the most influential artist of the Flemish Baroque tradition. Between 1627 and 1630, Rubens’s diplomatic career was particularly active, and he moved between the courts of Spain and England in an attempt to bring (Libra) peace between the Spanish Netherlands and the United Provinces. Rubens was knighted by Charles I of England in 1630. In 1628 He began a renewed study of Titian’s paintings, copying numerous works.  By 1629 he completed one of his most important works – the Allegory of Peace and War which illustrates the artist’s lively concern for peace. His international reputation with collectors and nobility abroad continued to grow during this decade, and one prominent example was The Assumption of the Virgin Mary (1625–6) for the Cathedral of Antwerp. In 1630, four years after the death of his first wife, 53-year-old Rubens married his deceased wife’s 16-year-old niece, who inspired the voluptuous figures in many of his paintings from the 1630s, including The Feast of Venus, The Three Graces and The Judgement of Paris with his wife the model for various depictions of Venus including sculptures.[11]   

Sir Anthony van Dyck (1599 – 1641) was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England after success in his homeland and Italy.  He is best known for his portraits of the aristocracy, most notably Charles I (before he was beheaded), and his family and associates. Van Dyck became the dominant influence on English portrait-painting for the next 150 years.  King Charles I was the keenest collector of art among the Stuart kings, and saw painting as a way of promoting his elevated view of the monarchy (this was the time of Capricorn). In 1628, just inside this Libra period, he purchased the fabulous collection that the Duke of Mantua was forced to sell.  Van Dyck remained in contact with the English court and helped King Charles’s search for paintings.  In England he developed a version of his style which combined a relaxed elegance and ease with an understated authority in his subjects which was to dominate English portrait-painting to the end of the 18th century. Many of these portraits have a lush (Libran) landscape background.[12]

Claudio Monteverdi (1567 – 1643) was an Italian musician and priest who composed both secular and sacred music, and was a pioneer in the development of opera – he is considered a crucial transitional figure between the Renaissance and Baroque periods of music history.  This Libra period mainly coincided with Monteverdi’s late flowering period (1637 – 1643) commencing with the opening of the first public opera house in Europe at San Cassiano in 1637, which stimulated the city’s musical life and coincided with a new burst of the composer’s activity.  By 1656, the first opera house opened in London. Monteverdi’s contribution to opera at this period is notable and is credited for the rebirth of theatrical music and that “he will be sighed for in later ages, for his compositions will surely outlive the ravages of time.”[13] Monteverdi’s drive may have come from the fact he was born of an Aries-Aries or Aries-Pisces generation.

Molière (a stage name) (1621/2 – 1673), was a French playwright, actor and poet, widely regarded as one of the greatest writers in the French language and world literature. He turned to acting in 1643 only one year past the peak of this Libra period.  His extant works include comedies, farces, tragicomedies, comédie-ballets, and more. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed at the Comédie-Française more often than those of any other playwright today. His influence is such that the French language is often referred to as the “language of Molière”. Despite his own preference for tragedy, Molière became famous for his farces. He began to write full, five-act comedies in verse in 1654 [14] towards the end of this Libra period which he outlived.  His attraction to farce may be explained by the fact he was born in a Scorpio-Scorpio generation and his troupe did go bankrupt at one stage.

Though highly notable females seem absent in this period, an abstract focus did prevail.  In 1629 a Chinese emperor of the Ming dynasty reiterated the state prohibition against female infanticide.  However, as perhaps an example of oriental yin yang, the same year actresses were banned from the stage in Japan. 

In 1631, the death in childbirth of the Mughal emperor’s wife caused the emperor to commission the Taj Mahal at Agra, as a mausoleum for her. Constructed from 1632 to 1653 – it also became the emperor’s tomb (at a cost of about $US956 million in today’s money).  The Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 for being “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage” and it was declared a winner of the New 7 Wonders of the World (2000–2007) initiative.[15]  It could be dedicated to Libra both as a work of art and beauty plus an expression of love in marriage!

One of the 7 wonders of world and one of the major tourist attraction of India. Agra is synonymous with that monument of love, which is the stunning Taj Mahal and it is surrounded by beautiful lush green gardens and a river in backward Yamuna.By Kristian Bertel – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=99288433

The elevation of the Blessed Virgin Mary to Queen of Genoa in 1637 is again in the Libra camp. And finally, Libra’s ruling planet Venus gets some attention in 1639 when the English astronomer Jeremiah Horrocks made the first successful prediction and observation of a transit of Venus.

Cafes breed (Libra) socializing, and the appearance of cafes in Europe coincided with this Libra period with the first café in Europe opened in Venice in 1640.  Coffee drinking became popular in Paris by 1643 and England saw its first coffeehouse open in 1651 and such were their popularity, by 1675, there were more than 3,000 coffeehouses in England.

Finally, Libra’s connection to all things beautiful naturally must include flowers, and so it is fitting that in 1637 saw the collapse of Tulip mania in the Dutch Republic. At the peak of tulip mania, in February 1637, some single tulip bulbs sold for more than 10 times the annual income of a skilled crafts worker. Another example suggests that one tulip bulb was bartered for 12 acres (5 hectares) of land.  It is believed to have been the first recorded speculative bubble and bust in history but it did not create an economic crisis for the Dutch Republic, which at the time was the world’s leading economic and financial power.[16]

Finally, the 1656 invention of the pendulum clock by Christiaan Huygens is interesting because 1656 is heavily influenced by the Capricorn sub-age overflow, Capricorn sub-age decan overflow as well as the Capricorn quasi sub-age – in other words, Capricorn the sign of time and clocks, was incredibly strong when the pendulum clock was invented.  However, the swing motion of the pendulum invokes Libra!  Pendulum clocks were the most precise timekeeper, accounting for its widespread use until the 1930s and 40s when they were overshadowed by less-expensive, synchronous, electric clocks[17] in the Capricorn micro-age and overflow (1925 – 1940 – 1955).  In my youth I can remember when I stayed at my grandparents’ house, I used to go to sleep every night listening to the half hour and hour chimes of their mantelpiece pendulum clock which they wound up every day.

The most notable aspect of this Libra MA&OF (April 1627 – May 1642 – April 1657) is the lack of notable women.  There would have been some notable women that fail to register with us today, but there is a plausible astrological reason why highly placed notable women are largely absent in this larger than average Libra period.  The following list displays the Libra periods since the start of the Age of Aquarius in 1433 that have been investigated to date in this Libra series:

Pisces-Capricorn sub-age (1433 – 1612)

  • Libra micro-age and overflow (March 1463 – March 1478 – March 1493)
  • Libra micro-age decan and overflow (December 1527 – November 1537)
  • Libra micro-age decan and overflow (August 1582 – July 1592)

Capricorn-Sagittarius sub-age (1612 – 1791)

  • Libra micro-age and overflow (April 1627 – May 1642 – April 1657)

With the first three Libra periods located in Pisces-Capricorn sub-age (1433 – 1612), Pisces overshadows Capricorn.  The current Libra period however is located in the Capricorn- Sagittarius sub-age (1612 – 1791) where Capricorn is the major player.  The current Libra period is the first in the Capricorn-Sagittarius sub-age overflow and is buffeted by the strongest Capricorn influence of all the Libra periods investigated to date.  Capricorn is naturally anti-feminine due to Cancer being the opposite sign to Capricorn – and Cancer shares with Libra a strong association to females.  Furthermore, the first sub-age decan in the Capricorn- Sagittarius sub-age (1612 – 1791) is the Leo sub-age decan (1612 – 1672) and Leo is male-orientated. Naturally, the darkness of Capricorn did not limit the accusation of witchcraft against women, if anything, it magnified this horror.

The major conflict of note was the English Civil War resulting in the execution of the king and the establishment of a commonwealth in England that also banned anything frivolous or fun, as Capricorn promotes a stern authoritarian lifestyle.  This is why all theatres were closed in London in 1642.  Nevertheless Libra inspires justice, and this can be seen with the Levellers promoting modern liberal ideals – well ahead of their time.  The Quakers also promoted equality of the sexes.  The publication of The Institutes of the Lawes of England clarified many aspects of English common law that spread to the USA and other countries.  Other legal perspectives from John Milton and Thomas Hobbes pushed the boundaries of English medieval laws towards modernity.

This Libra period saw great activity in North America, especially New England or what would become the hub of the northern states in the USA and suggests that in Pisces USA, one of the fish has strong Libran qualities of justice and equality.  These new settlements include: Salem, Boston, Maryland, Connecticut, Delaware and Rhode Island.  The creation of the United Colonies of New England was a forerunner for the creation of the revolution USA.  The seeds of the American Civil War were put in place in this Libra period when Rhode Island passed the first law in North America making slavery illegal.

The first extensive European exploration of Australia and New Zealand in this period also suggests that inclusion of Libra into the astrological signatures for these countries (and Canada whose name was coined in the previous Libra period) provided future Libra periods confirm this assessment.

China had an exceptional development with the fall the Ming dynasty replaced by the Manchu dynasty in 1644.  The publication of the Exploitation of the Works of Nature in 1637 provides an invaluable insight into the Chinese world of this period. However, before the Ming collapsed they did reiterate the state prohibition against female infanticide

Probably the most notable development in this period was on the artistic side.  This Libra period captured key periods in the life of extremely famous artists and musicians such as Rembrandt, Rubens, Van Dyck, Monteverdi, and Molière with Rubens the most influential artist of the Flemish Baroque tradition and Van Dyck dictating portraiture for the next 150 years. Monteverdi virtually created opera and Molière as one of the greatest writers in the French language and world literature.

Appropriately one of the most famous marriages in history occurred in this Libra period with the death in India of the Mughal emperor’s wife and his construction of one of the most beautiful buildings in the world – the Taj Mahal.  As a temple (ceremonial structure), ruled by Capricorn, it is better known than his wife to whom the temple is dedicated. Though this period is bereft of famous females, the elevation of the Blessed Virgin Mary to Queen of Genoa in 1637 does make an attempt.  Venus (the ruler of Libra) gets a focus when the English astronomer Jeremiah Horrocks made the first successful prediction and observation of a transit of Venus

Coffee promotes (Libra) social interaction and coffee made its move in this Libra period with the first European café in 1640. Libra’s association with flowers does see its manifestation with the boom of the tulip market in the Dutch Republic, followed by its bust and setting the precedent for economic cycles over the following centuries including the 21st century.  Finally the invention in 1656 of the pendulum clock aligned with Capricorn, the ruler of time, is a fitting end to this review.

Previous Libra periods Examined:

Libra micro-age decan and overflow (Aug 1582 – Jul 1592)

Libra micro-age decan and overflow (Dec 1527 – Nov 1537)

Libra micro-age and overflow (Mar 1463 – Mar 1493)

References


[1] Wars of the Three Kingdoms, Wikipedia, Retrieved 04:55, January 21, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wars_of_the_Three_Kingdoms&oldid=1000880639

[2] Oliver Cromwell, Wikipedia, Retrieved 04:45, February 25, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oliver_Cromwell&oldid=1008321447

[3] Date of birth of Jesus, Wikipedia, Retrieved 04:11, March 6, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Date_of_birth_of_Jesus&oldid=1010445690

[4] Quakers, Wikipedia, Retrieved 06:30, February 24, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Quakers&oldid=1007761337

[5] Institutes of the Lawes of England, Wikipedia, Retrieved 04:17, January 29, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Institutes_of_the_Lawes_of_England&oldid=986080859

[6] Thomas Hobbes, Wikipedia, Retrieved 06:34, February 23, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thomas_Hobbes&oldid=1007665084

[7]Quincy Adams, John, ed. (1843). The New England Confederacy A Discourse delivered before the Massachusetts Historical Society, at Boston, on the 29th of May 1843; In Celebration of the Second Centennial of that Event. Charles C. Little and James Brown.

[8]“Time and Place”, . Slavery and the Making of America. Thirteen. 2004. Retrieved 2018-02-24. Rhode Island passes laws restricting slavery and forbidding enslavement for more than 10 years.

[9] John Casor, Wikipedia, Retrieved 05:26, January 29, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_Casor&oldid=1002559074

[10] Roger Williams, Wikipedia, Retrieved 03:08, February 24, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Roger_Williams&oldid=1005846600

[11] Peter Paul Rubens, Wikipedia, Retrieved 06:19, February 23, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Peter_Paul_Rubens&oldid=1007461296

[12] Anthony van Dyck, Wikipedia, Retrieved 06:50, February 23, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anthony_van_Dyck&oldid=1004592942

[13] Claudio Monteverdi, Wikipedia,  Retrieved 07:12, February 23, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Claudio_Monteverdi&oldid=1004321005

[14] Molière, Wikipedia, Retrieved 07:28, February 23, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Moli%C3%A8re&oldid=1005804549

[15] Taj Mahal, Wikipedia, Retrieved 04:34, January 29, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taj_Mahal&oldid=1002938914

[16] Tulip mania, Wikipedia, Retrieved 04:43, January 29, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tulip_mania&oldid=1002054053

[17] Pendulum clock, Wikipedia, Retrieved 06:53, February 24, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pendulum_clock&oldid=999057862

Libra micro-age decan and overflow (August 1582 – July 1592)

This Libra MAD&OF sits within the Aquarius micro-age (Aug 1582 – Jul 1597) and therefore mimics the Libra MAD&OF (December 1910 – October 1920) associated with the First World War (1914/17 – 18) and Spanish flu.  The next major level up to greatly influence this period was the Taurus-Capricorn sub-age decan (1552 – 1612).  Taurus is beneficial to England (see The UK Astrological Signature) which was certainly on display in this Libra period.

Again, major conflicts occur under Libra’s watch commencing with the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604) which included the famous Spanish Armada (1588) with 130 ships and 30,000 men when Catholic Spain planned to invade Protestant England and dispose Queen Elizabeth 1 but failed miserably at the hands of what constituted the British navy and adverse weather.  The English countered with two armadas against Spain which both failed, and Spain sent a second armada against England which also failed due to bad weather.  This is where Sir Francis Drake became famous.  At this time Spain was the world’s superpower.  The victory was acclaimed by the English as their greatest since Agincourt, and the memory of the victory over the Armada was evoked during the Napoleonic Wars in a later Libra period when again England found itself threatened by another invasion. From the standpoint of Libra, Queen Elizabeth’s legend persisted and grew long after her death due to the successful repulsion of the Spanish Armadas.[1] Queen Elizabeth is one of the most notable females that stood near the beginning of the Libra age-decan (1433 – 2149).

George Gower’s Armada Portrait of Elizabeth I (1588?) at Woburn Abbey. The portrait was made to commemorate the defeat of the Spanish Armada (depicted in the background).

This Libra period sits within the Elizabethan era (1558 – 1603) and is taken as England’s golden age attributed a renaissance that inspired national pride through classical ideals, international expansion, and naval triumph over Spain[2] with the naval triumph over Spain exclusively associated with this Libra period.  This golden age commenced in the Taurus sub-age decan (1537 – 1612) and Taurus figures strongly in the English astrological signature.[3] 

Again, war was highly prevalent as is the case for the last 5,000 years and only some major ones will be mentioned.  The War of the Three Henrys (1587-89) was one of a series of French civil wars under the umbrella of the French Wars of Religion (1562 – 98) The war was instigated by Spain to keep France from interfering with the Spanish army in the Netherlands and the Spanish invasion of England – there were so many wars that they had wars within wars!

The Eighty Years’ War commencing in 1568 (before this Libra period) was basically a Protestant revolt of what are today the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg against the superpower of Catholic Spain but by 1587 the newly formed Dutch Republic entered a period of more than two centuries of relative political stability and strongly increased its trade and wealth from this time onward, with Amsterdam replacing Antwerp as the main port of north-west Europe.  The republic was more tolerant of different religions and ideas than its contemporary states were, allowing freedom of thought to its residents. Artists flourished under this regime, including painters such as Rembrandt and Johannes Vermeer leading to the Dutch Golden Age lasting until 1672.[4]  Libra may have placed its stamp on the Dutch Golden Age but the influence of both the Capricorn sub-age (1433 – 1612) and Taurus sub-age decan overflow (1552 – 1612) suggests that these signs appear in the Dutch astrological signature?

In the Far East the first Japanese invasion of Korea in 1592 was really the beginning of a proxy war between Japan and China with Korea the stepping stone from Japan to China. The conflict ended in 1598 after Japan’s second unsuccessful invasion followed by the withdrawal of the Japanese forces from the Korean Peninsula after a military stalemate (appropriate for Libra).  This war resulted in an imbalance of power within Japan with the Toyotomi clan’s power significantly weakened due to the exhaustion of its  armed forces for the failed Korean conflict and the opposing Tokugawa clan, who had abstained from the war, and with their armed forces in tack, were able to eventually triumphed (post this Libra period) against the Toyotomi clan. Libra seems to prefer two major opposing forces. Libra is considered a key sign for the whole of the Far East including China. 

Highly notable females again mark this Libra period and a good example is the classic feud between Queen Elizabeth I and Mary Queen of Scots ending with the beheading of Mary, Queen of Scots in 1587 at the hands of her cousin Queen Elizabeth after Mary was implicated in a plot to murder Elizabeth.

With the growing strength of Capricorn the accusations of witchcraft against women grew to a crescendo in this period. From 1581 to 1593 the Witch Trials of Trier in Germany were perhaps the biggest witch trials in European history. They formed one of the four largest witch trials in Germany. The persecutions started around Trier in 1581 and reached the city itself in 1587, where it was to lead to the death of about 368 people, and it may have been the biggest mass execution in Europe in peace time.[5]

Not to be outdone by the Germans, in 1590, Agnes Sampson was questioned by King James VI of Scotland, and confessed to practicing witchcraft.  This was apparently part of the North Berwick witch trials of a number of people from East Lothian, Scotland which ran for two years and implicated over seventy people. The “witches” allegedly held their covens on the Auld Kirk Green, part of the modern-day North Berwick Harbour area. The confessions were extracted by torture.[6] 

Prosecutions for the crime of witchcraft reached a highpoint commencing 1580 (in this Libra period) to 1630 during the Counter-Reformation and the European wars of religion when an estimated 50,000 people were burned at the stake, of which roughly 80% were women, and most often over the age of 40.  This 50 year period correlates to the peak strength of Capricorn associated with the end of the Capricorn sub-age in (1433 -1612) when Capricorn was peaking.  Stern autocratic male Capricorn historically orientated towards the subjugation of women – especially older intelligent women with knowledge and wisdom.

However, the Aquarian tide of rationalism started to gain traction with the publication in 1584 of The Discoverie of Witchcraft by Reginald Scot, which undermined the common belief that witches existed.  Scot expressed the view that “it is neither a witch, nor devil, but glorious God that maketh the thunder…God maketh the blustering tempests and whirlwinds…”.[7]

North America continued to be a focus under Libra and in 1583, Newfoundland was formally claimed as a colony of England but not successfully settled at this time.  Also very interesting in relation to the future USA, in 1584 Walter Raleigh sent an expedition to explore the Outer Banks of Virginia (now North Carolina), with a view to establishing an English colony, and they located Roanoke Island.[8]  In the following year, the first group of colonists was sent by Sir Walter Raleigh but only lasted until June 1586, but was followed by a second attempt in 1587.[9] The second attempt was futile, and by the time the British returned in 1590, the colonialists had disappeared and it became known as the Lost Colony.

Interestingly, Sir Walter Raleigh (1552/4 – 1618) was born in a Taurus-Taurus generation, and this may explain why Raleigh strongest focus in his life was in searching for El Dorado (City of Gold) and he made two expeditions to the Americas in search of this gold – and ultimately was executed for his over zealousness by attacking a Spanish outpost in his quest.[10]

Notable theatrical developments took place in this Libra period commencing in 1583 when the Queen Elizabeth’s Men troupe of actors was founded in England and became the dominant acting company for the rest of the 1580s. Queen Elizabeth’s Men was the first large company of actors in English Renaissance theatre, twice the size of its predecessors. The size of the new company enabled it to act a new kind of historical play, built on a larger scale than ever before including Shakespeare’s histories. These new plays were equivalent to “Hollywood spectaculars” of their era.[11]  In 1587 the Rose (theatre) was founded in London beginning a trend for theatres to be situated at arm’s length from the authorities in an area outside the jurisdiction of the City of London where bear/bull-baitings, gaming dens and brothels were surreptitiously operating.  It was the first purpose-built playhouse to ever stage a production of any of Shakespeare’s plays.  Christopher Marlowe became the theatre’s main playwright.  While the theatre thrived, at the very end of this Libra period, an outbreak of the Plague thwarted all theatres[12] (with no Libra available to support them).

Shakespeare, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world’s greatest dramatist.  Somewhere in this Libra period (probably the mid-1580s) Shakespeare was able to have his plays performed and by 1592, he was sufficiently known in London to be attacked by other playwrights such as Robert Greene in his Groats-Worth of Wit:

“… there is an upstart Crow, beautified with our feathers, that with his Tiger’s heart wrapped in a Player’s hide, supposes he is as well able to bombast out a blank verse as the best of you: and being an absolute Johannes factotum, is in his own conceit the only Shake-scene in a country.”

Shakespeare was accused of reaching above his ‘lowly’ rank in trying to match such university-educated writers as Christopher Marlowe, Thomas Nashe, and Greene himself (the so-called “University Wits”).[13]  The main sign that drove Shakespeare was from Pisces, and the rise of Shakespeare in this Libra period coincided with the Pisces sting-in-the-tail of the Pisces sub-age and overflow (1254 – 1433 – 1612) with the Pisces sting-in-the-tail the Pisces micro-age and overflow (1567 – 1582 – 1597) with this period arguably representing the peak of Pisces in the 26,000 years cycle of the astrological ages. Shakespeare was born in an Aries-Aries generation (second half of the Aries micro-age (1552 – 1567) indicating that he came from a generation with drive!

Christopher Marlowe was of the same Aries-Aries generation and was the leading Elizabethan playwright and strongly influenced Shakespeare who succeeded him following Marlowe’s untimely death at the age of 29 in 1593.

On the artistic front, El Greco (1541 – 1614) was a Greek painter, sculptor and architect of the Spanish Renaissance and he is regarded as a precursor of both Expressionism and Cubism and his works were considered as “strange”, “queer”, “original”, “eccentric” and “odd. However, much of his works were undertaken within the eccentric Aquarius micro-age and overflow (1582 – 1597 – 1612).  In 1586 he obtained the commission for The Burial of the Count of Orgaz, now his best-known work. Painters from the beginning of the 20th century rediscovered El Greco – his expressiveness and colors influenced Eugène Delacroix, Édouard Manet and Paul Cézanne[14] and one commentator stated that “Cézanne and El Greco are spiritual brothers despite the centuries which separate them”.[15]  It should be noted that Cubism appeared as an avant-garde artistic movement during the 1910s[16] associated with the Libra micro-age decan and overflow (Dec 1910 – Nov 1915 – Oct 1920).

The famous Italian painter Caravaggio (1571 – 1610) had a formative influence on Baroque painting and influenced the later works of Peter Paul Rubens, Jusepe de Ribera, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, and Rembrandt.  His style fell out of favor until the 20th century but he was labeled “What begins in the work of Caravaggio is, quite simply, modern painting.”[17]  Caravaggio’s apprenticeship occurred in this Libra period and in the last year he left Milan and went to Rome as a destitute hack-work artist.  One of his earliest works in 1589 was Caravaggio’s Young Sick Bacchus, supposedly a self-portrait done during convalescence from a serious illness (with Capricorn overtones).  Caravaggio’s innovation was a radical naturalism that contrasted light and dark with little intermediate value.[18]  This “darkness” can be attributed to the strength of Capricorn with the Capricorn sub-age approaching its peak strength in 1612.

Finally, on the sweet side of Libra, the first known commercial importation of chocolate to Europe in 1585, from Mexico to Spain, but the Spanish adopted the addition of (Libra) sugar to sweeten chocolate, whereas the indigenous American had only mixed chocolate with spices – but it required an acquired taste.  The new Spanish sugar variety took off with a vengeance, and for some time, chocolate drinks were far more popular in Spain than coffee.[19] It was quickly followed by the publication of Chocolate: or, An Indian Drinke in 1631.

Again, we see with Libra some major conflicts – the Spanish Armada where England was nearly invaded and pirates like Sir Francis Drake became a national hero.  The conflict between the Dutch and Spain was resolved with creation of the Dutch Republic leading to more than two centuries of relative political stability called the Dutch Golden Age.  China was under threat from Japan with Japan invading Korea for the very first time, but failed to move on to the conquest of China. In North America, Newfoundland was formally claimed as a colony of England and some unsuccessful attempts were made to colonize Roanoke Island (North Carolina).  At a minimum, this is the beginning of the Libra connection to the USA. 

The power play between two highly notable women – Queen Elizabeth I and Mary Queen of Scots led to the execution of Mary while the other major female focus of the times was arguably the biggest mass execution of witches in Europe. By 1630 an estimated about 40,000 women had been burnt at the stake.  But the rationality of Aquarius did show signs of life with the argument against the existence of witchcraft by the publication of The Discoverie of Witchcraft.

Libra obviously promoted the theatre with the creation of Queen Elizabeth’s Men troupe of actors and the construction of the Rose theatre in a destitute part of London and by the end of this Libra period, Shakespeare was in full swing.  The other famous playwright of the times died only one year past the end of this Libra period making the Libra period the full extent of Marlowe’s theatrical output.  The father of modern painting also appeared with El Greco and Caravaggio was mainly in his apprentice period but commence producing artwork before this Libra period ended.  Sugar and chocolate naturally are attracted to Libra with its first commercial importation to Europe.

Libra-associated events will occur at any time in history, and for example, in every 15 years micro-age, there is a 29 to 30 month Libra nano-age and overflow.  However, again with this Libra MAD&OF (1582 – 1592), highly notable and remarkable historical events that can be associated with a Libra archetype indicate a stronger presence of Libra than is normal.  The brightness of Libra was not quenched by the dark side of the Capricorn sub-age and overflow (1433 – 1612 – 1791). 

References


[1]Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604), Wikipedia, Retrieved 04:25, January 22, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anglo-Spanish_War_(1585%E2%80%931604)&oldid=1000121904

[2] Elizabethan era, Wikipedia, Retrieved 00:50, February 23, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elizabethan_era&oldid=1005608209

[3] The UK Astrological Signature, https://macroastro.wordpress.com/2019/01/18/the-uk-astrological-signature/

[4] Dutch Republic, Wikipedia, Retrieved 05:01, January 22, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dutch_Republic&oldid=999742782

[5] Trier witch trials, Wikipedia, Retrieved 05:36, January 22, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trier_witch_trials&oldid=993312124

[6] North Berwick witch trials, Wikipedia, Retrieved 05:47, January 22, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=North_Berwick_witch_trials&oldid=994221672

[7] Scot, Reginald (1584). Discoverie of Witchcraft p. 2.

[8] Grun, Bernard (1991). The Timetables of History, (3rd ed.). New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 259. ISBN 0-671-74919-6.

[9] Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992), The Chronology of British History, London: Century Ltd. pp. 160–162. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.

[10] Walter Raleigh, Wikipedia, Retrieved 00:27, February 23, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Walter_Raleigh&oldid=1007402650

[11] McMillin; MacLean (1998), pp. 5, 11–12.

[12] The Rose (theatre), Wikipedia,Retrieved 07:03, January 25, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Rose_(theatre)&oldid=999109684

[13] William Shakespeare, Wikipedia, Retrieved 23:23, February 22, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=William_Shakespeare&oldid=1007731515

[14] El Greco, Wikipedia, Retrieved 02:39, February 22, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=El_Greco&oldid=1007494780

[15] J. Brown, El Greco of Toledo, p28

[16] Cubism, Wikipedia, Retrieved 02:42, February 22, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cubism&oldid=1007041592

[17] Quoted in Gilles Lambert, “Caravaggio”, p.8.

[18] Caravaggio, Wikipedia, Retrieved 02:56, February 22, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caravaggio&oldid=1007107802

[19] History of chocolate in Spain, Wikipedia, Retrieved 07:15, January 25, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_chocolate_in_Spain&oldid=998684132

Libra micro-age decan and overflow (December 1527 – December 1532 – November 1537)

This Libra MAD&OF sits within the Gemini micro-age (Dec 1522 – Nov 1537) and therefore mimics to a certain extent the current Libra MAD&OF (Dec 2019 – Nov 2029) within the Gemini micro-age (Dec 2014 – Nov 2029). However, this early experience of the Libra micro-age decan in the Age of Aquarius continues to be heavily influenced by Pisces, but this period is more influenced by Capricorn due to the Capricorn quasi sub-age (1522 – 1701).[1]  The Taurus sub-age decan (1493 – 1552) also needs to be taken into account. There was no evading the many wars and conflict that afflicted the world in the 16th century, as with most centuries over the last 5,000 years, but Libra aligned conflict is marked by opposing powers of similar magnitude rather than a singular marauding army plundering wherever it can such as Genghis Khan (c.1158 – 1227) under the auspices of the Aries sub-age (1075 – 1254).

This major polarization which is strongly associated with Libra was clearly evident in this period which was so instrumental in creating the major schism between England and the Roman Catholic Church over another Libran archetype – marriage.  In this case, King Henry VIII of England wanted to divorce his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, as she was unable to provide a male heir and future king of England.  In 1529 under pressure from the king the English Reformation Parliament passed the necessary legislation ‘divorcing’ England from Rome and established the Church of England in its place.  In 1533 King Henry VIII’s marriage with Catherine of Aragon was declared annulled by an English Archbishop but this was not authorized by the pope, nor recognized by Catherine.  Later in the same year, Anne Boleyn married Henry VIII and was crowned as queen consort of England, and Henry VIII was subsequently excommunicated by the pope.  Anne Boleyn gave birth to Princess Elizabeth, the future Elizabeth I of England.

1536 was an extremely busy year for King Henry VIII commencing with his first queen, Catherine of Aragon, dying while banished. A few months later, Anne Boleyn, was arrested on the trumped up grounds of incest, adultery and treason and the English church fell in line and nullified Henry and Anne’s marriage. This was followed by the execution of five men accused of adultery with Anne Boleyn, including her own brother and Anne was executed shortly afterwards while Henry VIII married Jane Seymour.

This major rift between England and the Roman Catholic Church was reinforced in 1529 when a group of German rulers and independent cities protested against the reinstatement of the Edict of Worms, which had declared Martin Luther a wanted heretic, and thus beginning the Protestant movement in earnest.  This is where the Taurus sub-age decan (1493 – 1552) makes its influence felt as the top sign of Christianity is Scorpio – Taurus’ opposite side and therefore Scorpio Christianity is in ‘detriment’ under Taurus.

Another major treaty was enacted between two European early seafaring nations, Spain and Portugal, when in 1529 the Treaty of Zaragoza divided the Far East between the Spanish and Portuguese empires.  Under the treaty, Portugal gained control of all of Asia and its neighboring islands that had been discovered at the time, leaving Spain with most of the Pacific Ocean. The world was divided into two under the control of two superpowers to pillage as they wanted.  Also in 1529 the failed siege of Vienna, Austria by Ottoman (Turkish) forces marked the beginning of 150 years of bitter military tension between the Habsburgs and Ottomans, punctuated by reciprocal attacks, and culminating in a second siege of Vienna in 1683.  Another major polarity established under Libra’s watch.

Libra aligned China was having a hard time, and in 1528 to 1530 in Henan province, an enormous drought coupled with a gigantic swarm of locusts deprived the region of harvests for the next two years, killing off half the people in some communities, due to starvation and cannibalism.

The Americas saw a lot of interest under this Libra period and in 1532 the Portuguese began colonizing Brazil, which is the largest country in both South America and Latin America, and in 1532, sugarcane was first cultivated by the settlers (the scourge of sugar is ruled by Libra). Buenos Aires (Argentina) was first founded by the Spanish in 1536 and an expedition did set off to discover a route to Peru.  The first two of three voyages by Jacques Cartier (1491 – 1587) was the first European to map the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the shores of the Saint Lawrence River, which he named “The Country of Canadas” after the Iroquois names for the two big nearby settlements.

References to important females has already been made such as Catherine of Aragon and the birth of Elizabeth 1, and in 1529 the polymath Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa published Declamation on the Nobility and Preeminence of the Female Sex, a book that pronounced the theological and moral superiority of women with Libra smiling in the wings.[2]  Our Lady of Guadalupe, (also known as the Virgin of Guadalupe) is associated with a series of five Marian apparitions in 1531, and a venerated image on a cloak enshrined within the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico City. Supposedly, the Virgin Mary appeared four times in Mexico City to Juan Diego and once more to his uncle. The basilica is the most-visited Catholic shrine in the world, and the world’s third most-visited sacred site – dedicated to a female apparition.  In 1531 on the other side of the ledger, a witch-hunt was conducted in the town of Schiltach, Germany following the burning of the town – the convicted witch was executed.

The 1529 Treaty of Cambrai, also known as the Ladies’ Peace, is appropriate for mention as it was orchestrated by the mother of Francis I Louise of Savoy and the aunt of the emperor Margaret of Austria. They represented both monarchs in negotiations, helping them not to lose face in one of the numerous conflicts of the times.  Interestingly, women were also allowed to appear on Italian stages for the first time in this same year.[3]

From 1533 to 34, the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent made Roxelana, his Ruthenian (Ukrainian) harem girl and former slave his legal wife and she became one of the most powerful and influential women in Ottoman (Turkish) history. She eventually achieved power, influencing the politics of the Ottoman Empire and through her husband, she played an active role in affairs of the state.  She has inspired paintings, musical works (including Joseph Haydn’s Symphony No. 63), an opera, a ballet, plays, and several novels.  She commenced the era known as the Sultanate of Women – a period of extraordinary political influence exerted by wives and mothers of the Sultans of the Ottoman Empire lasting until 1656. At this time, the influence of Capricorn from the Capricorn sub-age (1433 – 1612) was extremely strong, and the Islamic Ottomans were naturally aligned to Cancer – with Cancer and Capricorn opposite signs.  The 7th house invokes partners and this perhaps explains why the Ottomans, when at the top of their game, deferred to their wives and gave them power under Capricorn.  The waning of female influence in 1656 is aligned to the growth in strength of the (male) Leo sub-age decan (1612 – 1672).

Vasari wrote that Titian once painted “portrait of Roxelana”.This painting was attributed as probable copy of that portrait executed in Titian’s workshop

Titian, born in the previous Libra MA&OF was in his mature stage for this Libra period and in 1530 he developed the style introduced by his dramatic Death of St. Peter Martyr.  Also appropriately, Michelangelo, who also born in the previous Libra period, commenced painting The Last Judgment at the end of this Libra period in 1536 – it was a fresco covering the whole altar wall of the Sistine Chapel in Vatican City depicting the Second Coming of Christ and the final and eternal (Libra) judgment by God and Jesus of all humanity.  Almost immediately after completing the Last Judgment, Michelangelo’s final paintings begun in 1542 – but adopting a major change in style, away from (Libra) grace and aesthetics to an exclusive concern with illustrating the narrative, with no regard for (Libra) beauty.[4] This change of style occurred in the following Taurus micro-age (1537 – 1552) close to the peak of the Capricorn micro-age decan in 1542.

The influence and strength of this much smaller Libra period nevertheless continues to express strong Libran themes. This period witnessed the divorce of England from the Roman Catholic Church over the issues of multiple (Libra) marriages by King Henry VIII.  This breakup was followed by the beginning the Protestant movement and greatest schism in western Christianity spearheaded by Martin Luther in Germany. Spain and Portugal were dividing the world in two and the Austrian and Turks commenced a bitter 150 years of conflict.  China took a dent with two years of drought followed by a gigantic swarm of locusts.  Famous women of this period include Catherine of Aragon, birth of Elizabeth I, ex-slave girl Roxelana and the Virgin of Guadalupe supported by Agrippa’s Declamation on the Nobility and Preeminence of the Female Sex. A witch-hunt in Germany unfortunately balanced the ledger.  All the above have a strong archetypal connection to Libra.

Despite its size, archetypal Libra shines through nevertheless and indicates that micro-age decans also have a significant impact. With this Libra period under the influence of the Cancer micro-age overflow (1522 – 1537), Cancer indicates a time when (Capricorn) leadership is imperiled – which is exactly what occurred in the Roman Catholic Church as the pope’s authority was successfully repudiated by King Henry VIII and antipope Protestants were streaming out of Germany with this new heresy.  One in every three Libra periods will have a strong Cancer influence to contend with, and the same surge of breaking down established authority is always markedly in attendance such as under the current Cancer micro-age overflow (2014 – 2029).

References


[1] A quasi period captures the upper half of the bell curve of any period plus its overflow and is calculated as the second half of the initial period and first half of the overflow period.

[2] Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa, Wikipedia, Retrieved 08:03, January 26, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Heinrich_Cornelius_Agrippa&oldid=1000819691

[3] “The Timetables of History”, p236

[4]The Last Judgment (Michelangelo), Wikipedia, Retrieved 02:32, February 14, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Last_Judgment_(Michelangelo)&oldid=1004536903

The Baptism of the Libra age-decan (1433 – 2149)

Libra micro-age and overflow (March 1463 – March 1478 – March 1493)

This Libra micro-age and overflow (1463 – 1478 – 1493) represents the very first Libra period of note within the new Libra age-decan (1433 – 2149) of the Age of Aquarius (1433 – 3581).  Its senior influence is from Pisces due to the:

  • Pisces sub-age decan overflow (1433 – 1493)
  • Pisces sub-age overflow (1433 – 1612)
  • Pisces age-decan overflow (1433 – 2149)
  • Pisces age overflow (1433 – 3581) 

Pisces was at its penultimate strength within the 26,000 years cycle of the astrological ages for this initial Libra period.  This is the earliest Libra baptism that can be applied to the Libra age-decan of Age of Aquarius – the first vertebra of the Libra age-decan.

Libra’s association with marriage, partnerships and opposing blocs meant that political marriages were the order of the times and very quickly inside this period in 1464, in the depths of the War of the Roses, King Edward IV of England secretly married Elizabeth Woodville.  This was an unpopular marriage as Elizabeth Woodville’s deceased husband had been a supporter of the opposite side to the king. However, despite this entrenched conflict within England, the two warring sides had a sort of compromise with this marriage as an attempt to heal the wounds as is Libra’s nature – though this was unsuccessful at this point.  Edward was the first king of England since the Norman Conquest to marry one of his subjects instead of a noble. 

After the death of Edward in 1483, Elizabeth remained politically influential with one of her sons briefly proclaimed King Edward V of England before being deposed and murdered by her brother-in-law, Richard III. Elizabeth subsequently helped with the rise of Henry VII in 1485 by arranging the political marriage of her daughter Elizabeth of York to the king, ending the Wars of the Roses, and establishing the Tudor dynasty – again representing Libra’s quest for peace between opposing elements – and this time relatively successful.

The War of the Roses commenced before this Libran period but was mainly resolved within this Libra period.  Through her daughter, Elizabeth Woodville was the grandmother of the future Henry VIII and great grandmother of Elizabeth I. Elizabeth Woodville is England’s initial notable contribution towards the advancement of powerful women within the Libra age-decan.

The War of the Roses marked the end of the medieval period in England only a few decades inside the age of Aquarius or modernity!  Following the war, the large standing baronial armies that had helped fuel the War of the Roses were suppressed and the king removed the rights of barons to maintain armies so that they could not make war on each other or the king. The military power of individual barons declined, and the Tudor court became a place where baronial squabbles were decided with the influence of the monarch.[1]  This is a very Libra anti-war outcome for the War of the Roses taking into account that the political marriage between the two major Houses ‘united’ the nobles.  It is also relevant that the winning side did not go out and extinguish the losing barons and instead, both sides continued to exist but under a new (Libra) balance of power which was focused upon avoiding (Aries) conflict.

This Libra period probably exacerbated tensions in England more so than most countries due to the strong placement of Aries in its astrological signature.[2] If this assessment is correct, England and the UK are always in difficult situations under Libra, which coincidentally is the sign that applied to the UK when it actually left the European Union in 2021.  Libra does rule divorce?

Another major political marriage of the times was between Ferdinand II and Isabella I of Castile in 1469 which led to the first modern unification of Spain effective from 1479. The marriage included a clear prenuptial agreement on sharing power, and under the joint motto “as much as the one is worth, so too is the other.” Taking into account that Spain quickly turned into the world superpower of those times, this was a highly significant marriage attributable to Libra. 

By 1482 Ferdinand and Isabella started the Granada War (Reconquista) to expel their significant multi-centuries opponents in Spain – the Islamic Moors back to Africa. The Reconquista was successfully brought to an end by Spain in 1491 (near the end of this Libra period in early 1493). Another political rivalry was temporarily settled with the Treaty of Alcaçovas in 1479 when Spain and Portugal agreed to the division into two zones of influence the newly discovered territories in the Atlantic Ocean and overseas territories [3] which was also an issue to be further resolved in the next Libra period (the Libra micro-age decan and overflow December 1527 – November 1537).

Ferdinand and Isabella also established the Spanish Inquisition in 1478 which in reality was a new court of justice – with justice and law courts ruled by Libra. The inquisitors were usually jurists (and by 1608 all inquisitors needed to have a background in law and most had a university education). The tribunals were called courts and their structure was similar to modern trials and extremely advanced for the time but the lack of (modern) separation of powers promoted corrupt practices.  At the time, torture was common in all civil and religious trials in Europe but the Spanish Inquisition, despite the bad press, actually relied far less on torture than was common at the time. It is believed that sentences of death were employed 40% of the time before 1530.  Recent studies showed there was an initial burst of activity against former Jews, who had embraced Christianity under duress and were called conversos, but were suspected of relapsing into Judaism – but the Inquisition served principally as a means for Spaniards to occasionally humiliate and punish people they did not like such as blasphemers, bigamists, foreigners, homosexuals, and horse smugglers.

A lessor known marriage in this Libra period but with major consequences occurred in 1479 when Christopher Columbus, who was already an experienced mariner in the expatriate Genoese community in Portugal, married and received as dowry his late father in law’s nautical maps and papers which included sea charts around the Madeira Islands, and other Portuguese oceanic possessions.  This obviously furthered Columbus’ interest in maritime adventures leading to his 1492 discovery of the Americas on behalf of Spain at the very end of this Libra period (1463 -93) – which strongly insinuates that Libra has a critical role in the Americas as a whole.  At a minimum, this weds Libra to the Americas – but not as the major sign which is Pisces.  The European discovery of the Americas occurred in the strongest century for Pisces in around 26,000 years – with Pisces the ruler of oceans!  The Capricorn sub-age (1433 – 1612) provided another sign for the astrological signature of the Americas in general which is placed higher up the totem pole than Libra.

The Libra focus upon women, unfortunately, promoted the persecution of witches.  For example, commencing in 1470 for the next 230 years 8,888 witches were tried in the Swiss Confederation with the majority executed. In 1484 Pope Innocent VIII issued a bull authorizing two German monks to investigate accusations of witchcraft as heresy, and threatening those who interfered with their work. The bull was written in response to the request by a Dominican Inquisitor for explicit authority to prosecute witchcraft in Germany after he was refused assistance by the local church authorities. It gave approval for the Inquisition to proceed “correcting, imprisoning, punishing and chastising” such persons “according to their deserts”. This followed a belief that an outbreak of witchcraft and heresy had occurred in the Rhine River valley.[4]

With Libra’s rulership of art, in 1472, Leonardo da Vinci was listed as a master in Florence’s Company of Artists. This Libra period saw the rise of Leonardo to being acknowledged as one of the most diversely talented individuals ever to have lived.  His collective works composed a contribution to later generations of artists rivaled only by that of his contemporary Michelangelo.  One of Leonardo’s possible earliest extant work, The Annunciation, is believed to have been painted between 1472 and 1476 in the lead up to the peak of this Libra period in 1478, with most of his painting completed in the overflow period (1478 – 1493)and beyond.  Michelangelo only completed his apprenticeship in 1492 and therefore flourished after this Libra period.

However, Michelangelo (1475 – 1564) was born in the second half of the Libra MA (March 1463 – March 1478) which means he was born in a Libra-Libra generation[5] where Libra is at its highest potential. This was certainly realized in his life.  Michelangelo, born in Florence, was a sculptor, painter, architect and poet, who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art. Michelangelo is considered the greatest artist of his age and even the greatest artist of all time.[6]  Even the duality between Michelangelo and Leonardo invokes Libra the Balance.

As another example of the Libra-Libra generation was Titian (c.1488/90 – 1576), who is considered the founder and most important member of the 16th-century Venetian School of Italian Renaissance painting. His paintings exercised a profound influence not only on his contemporary painters but also on future generations of Western art.[7] Generations as defined by macro-astrology, provide a hidden characteristic not available from other forms of astrology and I am looking forward to researching the generations associated with famous people.  Only Libra micro-ages, such as the current one, include a Libra-Libra generation, as these generations are derived from micro-ages.  Libra micro-age decans alone do not produce Libran generations as they exist either in a Gemini or Aquarius micro-ages which produce Gemini and Aquarius generations respectively.

Another famous artist associated with this Libra period was Botticelli (1445 -1510) who painted a wide range of religious subjects (including dozens of renditions of the Madonna and Child). His best-known works are The Birth of Venus and Primavera taking into account Venus is the planetary ruler of Libra, Botticelli virtually anointed the Libra age-decan (1433 – 2149) with The Birth of Venus. Botticelli lived all his life in Florence apart from the months he spent painting in Pisa in 1474 and the Sistine Chapel in Rome in 1481–82. His reputation soared for all the 1470s with the 1480s his most successful decade, the one in which his large (Pisces) mythological paintings were completed along with many of his most famous (Libra) Madonnas. His reputation languished for centuries but was eventually ‘rediscovered’ and in 2021, his Portrait of a Young Man Holding a Roundel was sold at Sotheby’s for $US92 million.[8]

It is also fitting that this Libra period saw one of the greatest benefactors of the arts in the Renaissance – Lorenzo the Magnificent.  Also known as Lorenzo de’ Medici (1449 – 1492), he was an Italian statesman, de facto ruler of the Florentine Republic, and the most powerful and enthusiastic patron of Renaissance culture in Italy. He was a magnate, diplomat, politician, and patron of scholars, artists, and poets. As a patron, he is best known for his sponsorship of artists such as Botticelli and Michelangelo. He held the (Libra) balance of power within the Italic League, an alliance of states that stabilized political conditions on the Italian peninsula for decades, and his life coincided with the mature phase of the Italian Renaissance and the Golden Age of Florence. The Peace of Lodi of 1454 that he helped maintain among the various Italian states collapsed with his death near the very end of this Libra period.

In conclusion, this late 15th century Libra micro-age and overflow, which baptized the massive Libra age-decan and overflow (1433 – 2149 – 2865), already showed distinct signs of modernity and the beginning of the modern world especially with the European discovery of the Americas.  Its Libran focus is readily seen in the attempted unification of the Houses of York and Lancaster in England with the marriage of Elizabeth Woodville to King Edward IV and finally resolved by the marriage of Henry VII to Elizabeth Woodville’s daughter, Elizabeth of York.  The political marriage of Ferdinand II to Isabella I of Castile also united and created modern Spain and instigated the first European world power in the Age of Aquarius due to the discovery of the Americas – which therefore inherits Libra into its astrological signature.   The creation of the court known as the Spanish Inquisition is also appropriate for the judicial side of Libra as is the unfortunate rise in the prosecution of mainly women as witches.  The appearance of some of the world’s most famous artists – Leonardo da Vinci and Botticelli and the birth of Michelangelo and Titian as the major players in the first of the great modern artists is also appropriate for Libra along with the famous patron of the arts – Lorenzo the Magnificent. Botticelli’s The Birth of Venus Botticelli represented the Neoplatonic idea of ‘divine love’ in the form of a nude Venus is virtually dedicated to the Libra. This Libra period provides the first backbone for the evolving Libra age-decan (1433 – 2149).

 


 

References

[1] Wars of the Roses, Wikipedia, Retrieved 00:23, February 7, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wars_of_the_Roses&oldid=1005250575

[2] The UK Astrological Signature, 2019, http://ow.ly/dXEc30nmg5w

[3] Treaty of Alcáçovas, Wikipedia, Retrieved 07:03, January 27, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Treaty_of_Alc%C3%A1%C3%A7ovas&oldid=999009761

[4] Summis desiderantes affectibus, Wikipedia, Retrieved 00:54, February 7, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Summis_desiderantes_affectibus&oldid=997479637

[5] Terry MacKinnell, Introduction to Generational Astrology, http://wp.me/p8BBNM-A

[6] Michelangelo, Wikipedia, Retrieved 02:28, February 7, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Michelangelo&oldid=1003534434

[7] Fossi, Gloria, Italian Art: Painting, Sculpture, Architecture from the Origins to the Present Day, p. 194. Giunti, 2000. ISBN 88-09-01771-4

[8] Sandro Botticelli, Wikipedia, Retrieved 01:59, February 7, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sandro_Botticelli&oldid=1005126924

Sandro Botticelli, The Birth of Venus (c. 1484–1486).  Uffizi, Florence – The birth of Venus, is a revolutionary painting for presenting a nude not justified by the Christian religion, is related to the idealized concept of love, where the figure of Venus symbolizes spiritual love and material love.

The Backbone of the Libra Age-Decan (1433 – 2149)

Why the sudden interest in the Libra Age-Decan (1433 – 2149)? This is because the much smaller Libra micro-age decan and overflow (December 2019 – November 2024 – November 2029) first appeared to an unsuspecting world in late 2019.  There have already been some early manifestations of Libra aligned events, and I suspect we are on the threshold of some further major developments soon.  A new micro-age decan appears roughly every five years, but some resonate with larger and more powerful periods such as the current Libra micro-age decan and overflow. This is because the first age-decan of the Age of Aquarius is the Libra age-decan (1433 – 2149) and therefore the current Libra micro-age decan resonates with the massive Libra age decan. Resonance adds strength.

To understand what the world can expect in the rest of the small Libra MAD&OF leading to November 2029, it is prudent to first examine what occurred in previous similar periods since the arrival of the Age of Aquarius in 1433.  The current Libra period is a decan (third) of the Gemini micro-age (Dec 2014 – Nov 2029), but this Gemini micro-age, is one of 12 micro-ages within the Libra sub-age (1970 – 2149).  The current Libra MAD&OF is the first Libra period of note inside the Libra sub-age, and as such, this Libra period is the baptism for the whole Libra sub-age – but not for the much larger Libra age-decan (1433 – 2149)! This makes the Libra MAD (2019 – 2129) a much bigger deal than just another MAD. 

Of course, every micro-age of about five years contains 12 nano-ages of some 15 months each, but nano-ages just do not have the same impact as their elder relative – micro-age decans and micro-ages.  This baptism of fire for the Libra sub-age should provide some concrete indications as where the world is heading on a mega scale, because the world is definitely heading towards Libra.  Libra is going to provide the context for many centuries to come.  We merely get to see a preview of centuries of possibilities in the years leading to 2029 but reinforced by the review of many previous Libra MA and MAD since the arrival of the Age of Aquarius.  We can treat the current Libra MAD&OF as a wormhole to the centuries of Libra influence coming to our world.

The examination of previous Libra periods was a real eye-opener and provided me with one of a number of epiphanies.  Libra does not conform to the common expectations of Libra revolving solely around the aesthetic and easy going side of life –its strongest association appears to be with conflict. This has some precedents, and even over two thousand years ago, the planet Venus (ruler of Libra), was a sign for war if it appeared in the night sky. 

“In the evening sky, Dilbat (Venus) was thought to be a male war god. In the Babylonian omen catalog we read, “If Venus enters Jupiter, then the king of Akkad will die, the dynasty will change …”  Unless Babylonian astronomers had a good reason to think otherwise, the famous conjunction in the evening sky would have signaled a male war god striking the king (symbolized by the king planet MUL.BABBAR/ Jupiter) and overturning his rule.”[1]

Other notable associations to Libra are the advances of women in politics and society and a quest for justice – with the Black Lives matter the most recent example. In addition, the obesity epidemic and diabetes plus the inability of most western nations to effectively manage COVID-19 can be attributed to inactive Libra because Libra’s opposite sign Aries is the sign that rolls up its sleeves and gets on with the work that needs to be done in any situation – Libra lacks this “can-do” quality.

It may seem confusing that both Aries and Libra are associated with greater levels of warfare and conflict, but there are differences.  Aries war does not depend upon a strong and vibrant opponent, and so Genghis Khan was able to go marauding around the Eurasian landmass mainly picking off small countries and cities at will with his massive armies and created the largest empire the world has known to date – though everything did not always go his way!  In Libra conflicts, there tends to be an opponent with stature or power at around the same level of magnitude. Furthermore, Libra usually sees some remediation or mending between opponents following the conflict creating a new balance of power of one sort or another – and balance of power is a Libra archetype.  The American Civil War is a good example of two opposing major power bases but while the Confederates lost the war – they were not wiped off the map.  However they did have to adapt to a new internal balance of power in the USA that did not involve slavery – as (Libra) justice was central in this major conflict.

The major epiphany I experienced with this Libra research was almost two epiphanies in one – as it was a major insight that I had never before experienced despite the fact that I have been extensively researching the astrological ages for over 30 years.  The world is currently in the Libra age –decan (1433 – 2149) and I have frequently written about it including in my book “The Dawning” plus extensively on many other age-decans that extend back over thousands of years.  However, my major epiphany with this Libra age-decan (1433 – 2149) was due to my examination of only the relatively small Libra micro-ages and micro-age decans since the arrival of the Libra age-decan in 1433.

What I discovered was that these nine small Libra periods provided the backbone for the whole Libra age-decan (1433 – 2149) to date.  It’s as if these nine small Libra periods are the backbone of a Libran dinosaur in a museum and these small Libra periods capture the real essence of the much larger Libra age-decan – even though Libran events in the large age-decan are not limited to Libra micro-ages and decans.  What this means is that if I want to examine any age, age decan or even sub-age, I can quickly find their backbones which will provide me with the core developments without examining all dates covered by the larger period.

By Uploader: User:DrKay; based on selection at File:Various dinosaurs2.pngUser:CaptmondoTadek KurpaskiHectonichusAgsftwPerry QuanKabacchi – Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=39663853

One major conjecture I am researching is the hypothetical strong association of the USA with Libra.  I use the word hypothetical because it is certainly not so obvious to date.  Who would think that (Aries) gun-toting Americans are linked to Libra?  However, based on Ancient Rome, the previous age-empire of the Aries-Pisces age (715 BC – 1433 AD), the importance of the first age-decan in the previous age, the Scorpio age-decan and overflow (715BC – 1AD – 717AD), appeared to provide the critical third sign for both the Roman Republic and Western Roman Empire.

The Scorpio association with Ancient Rome is not limited to gladiatorial contests, as Scorpio is also the sign of tyrants, upheaval and lack of stability with all these three endemic in Ancient Rome.  The greatest political saga to affect Ancient Rome was the fall of the Roman Republic and its replacement with the Roman Empire led by a series of dynastically-inclined emperors.  This major political transformation occurred in the decades surrounding the peak of the Scorpio age decan and overflow (715BC – 1AD – 717AD) in 1AD.  By extrapolation, the current Libra age-decan and overflow should take the same role with our current age-empire – the USA.  The Libra association to the USA should be more evident in the Libra age-decan overflow (2149 – 2865) but the seeds for this influence should be identifiable and will also be a focus on the examination of all significant Libra periods since the beginning of the Age of Aquarius in 1433 AD.

“The greatest connection between Scorpio and ancient Rome is the death cult of gladiatorial contests and public executions at the circuses which occurred from the third century BCE to the fifth century CE. The peak period in gladiatorial contests was the first and second centuries CE,[2] just after the Scorpio age-decan cusp. The general public’s fascination with the killing of human beings as a spectator sport shows how cultural preferences on a grand scale can be grossly distorted. Scorpio always has a fondness toward death cults, and ancient Rome was certainly not alone in this regard at this period. This apparent barbaric behavior by the citizens of ancient Rome has its modern pale reflection in the preference of Hollywood and computer gamers for virtual violence, death, and destruction.”[3]

Libra is a major sign in China’s astrological signature as Libra is associated with the whole of the Far East and can be expressed with yin-yang.  Some attention will also be focused upon China as a guide to its future path and role in the world and relationship with the USA. Famous women and notable marriages also strongly figure in the Libra backbone, as do music and the arts in general. 

By Gregory Maxwell – From File:Yin yang.png, converted to SVG by Gregory Maxwell., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=364239

The following Libra micro-ages and decans, plus their respective overflows, will be examined, and each one is associated with one or more major conflicts, and so it will be necessary to deduce if some serious conflict which is either military, cyber warfare or otherwise is due in the current decade associated with the Libra MAD&OF (Dec 19 – Nov 24 – Nov 29) and what this portends for the rest of the millennium.  On average, every third Libra period is a micro-age correlating to around 30 years of influence (taking into accounts the overflow) whereas micro-age decans and overflow account for 10 years:

Previous Libra micro-ages and decans in the Age of Aquarius

Libra micro-age decan and overflow (Dec 1910 – Oct 1920)

Libra micro-age decan and overflow (May 1856 – Apr 1866)

Libra micro-age and overflow (Jun 1791 – Mar 1821)

Libra Micro-Age Decan & Overflow (Sep 1746 – Aug 1756)

Libra Micro-Age decan & overflow (Jan 1692 – Dec 1701)

Libra micro-age and overflow (Apr 1627 – Apr 1657)

Libra micro-age decan and overflow (Aug 1582 – Jul 1592)

Libra micro-age decan and overflow (Dec 1527 – Nov 1537)

Libra micro-age and overflow (Mar 1463 – Mar 1493)

References


[1] Dwight R Hutchison, “Matthew’s Magi Never Visually Followed a Star Anywhere, But …”, https://www.academia.edu/40253433/Matthew_s_Magi_Never_Visually_Followed_a_Star_Anywhere_But_?

[2] “Gladiator,” Wikipedia, Retrieved 02:38, 27 February 2009, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gladiator&oldid=273564285

[3] Terry MacKinnell, “The Dawning – Shedding New Light on the Astrological Ages”

The Astrology of the Spanish Flu & COVID-19

Some interesting astrological parallels exist between the Spanish flu (1918 – 1920) and COVID-19.  COVID-19 commenced in December 2019 aligned with the arrival of the Aquarius nano-age overflow (Dec 2019 – Mar 2021), one of 12 nano-ages in the Gemini micro-age (2014 – 2029).  Aquarius causes disruptions and Gemini rules the lungs – the major organ affected by the COVID-19.  December 2019 also saw the start of the Virgo nano-age decan and overflow (Dec 19 – May 20 – Oct 20).  Aquarius, Gemini and Virgo all had their part to play

The Spanish flu (February 1918 – April 1920) aligned with the Virgo nano-age overflow (Feb 1917 – May 1918), one of 12 nano-ages within the Aquarius micro-age (1910-25) but also in the Gemini micro-age decan (Nov 1915 – Oct 1920).  Again we see Aquarius disruption and Gemini lungs.  Virgo naturally stimulates public health issues.  The main connection between the Spanish flu and COVID-19 is that they both occurred in an air micro-age, and in both cases, due to the influence of the decans of these two air signs, both Gemini and Aquarius were strongly involved – see Table 1 below.  Virgo also made an appearance both times.

Table 1 – The micro-ages of the Scorpio and Libra sub-ages

However, the Spanish flu was far more deadly than COVID-19 – in a totally different class altogether, as the Spanish flu was one of the most terrible pandemics in human history whereas COVID-19 currently is killing about the same number of people who die in car accidents each year around the world.  The astrology behind the massive difference between the Spanish flu and COVID-19 is that the Spanish flu occurred within the Pisces quasi sub-age decan (1880 – 1940) of the Scorpio sub-age (1791 – 1970) – one of 12 sub-ages that exist within the Age of Aquarius.

The significance of this Pisces quasi sub-age decan is that it is the last major thrust from the Pisces quasi-age (359 AD – 2503 AD) and can be allegorically considered as the last major thrust of Neptune’s trident into an unsuspecting world that was also engaged in the monumental stupidity of the First World War in (Pisces) Europe.  It seems that the Spanish flu was a byproduct of the First World War.

Every epoch produces three major hotspots, and for the Pisces epoch, each of the three Pisces hotspots was associated with the most major plagues the world has experienced to date.  Sitting within the Pisces quasi-age (352 – 2503 AD) are exactly 12 sub-ages, with every forth sub-age a water sub-age with one a Pisces sub-age, and the other two water sub-ages contains a Pisces sub-age decan.  It is these Pisces hotspots within the Pisces epoch that have the highest intensity of Pisces in the 26,000 years cycle of the ages.  These water sub-ages are:

  • Cancer sub-age (533 – 713 AD) – 1st Bubonic plague (540 AD – 750 AD)
  • Pisces sub-age (1253 – 1433 AD) – 2nd Bubonic plague (1331 – 1353)
  • Scorpio sub-age (1791 – 1970 AD) – 3rd Bubonic plague (1855 – 1860) & Spanish flu (1918-20)

The Cancer sub-age (533 – 713 AD) contains a Pisces sub-age decan (533 – 593 AD), and the Scorpio sub-age (1791 – 1970) also has its Pisces sub-age decan (1851 – 1910).  Associated with each of these three strongest manifestations of Pisces over the 26,000 years cycle of ages are the three greatest Bubonic plagues in history with the Spanish flu thrown in as an afterthought![i]

The world is always under the influence of a number of periods within the astrological ages, and currently, the world is under the influence of the Gemini quasi sub-age decan (2000 – 2059), which stimulates the lungs – for better or worse.  The lungs are the major organ affected by COVID-19, but also notice, that the major inroad against cigarette smoking in the First World has also occurred under Gemini’s watch.  You may have also noticed that hurricanes, typhoons and cyclones are getting increasingly bigger and fiercer over the last decade or so, and the world has not yet even got to the highpoint of Gemini yet.

However, the current Gemini quasi sub-age decan is not on par with the far more powerful previous Pisces quasi sub-age decan associated with the Spanish flu – which was the last major hotspot associated with the Pisces epoch. However, it is a very different story at the end of this century when the world encounters the Aquarius quasi sub-age decan (2059 – 2118) resonating with the up and coming Aquarian age (1433 – 3581).  The period (2059 – 2118) will be the baptism of the Age of Aquarius and the potential disruption this will bring to the world will be four times stronger than the period that covered the First and Second World Wars including the Great Depression and Spanish flu (and Prohibition in the USA).  The Aquarius baptism period will also be 12 times stronger than the world is now experiencing with COVID-19.

We should be thankful that for most people alive today, COVID-19 will be the worst disruption in our lives, but compared to the early 20th century and later this century – we have got off with the equivalent of a Sunday school picnic. Though with all the gnashing of teeth and hair-pulling, you could be mistaken for thinking that COVID-19 is a major drama.  As far as world dramas are concerned, it is about as mild as they come.

The mainly medieval responses many western nations have taken in their (mis)handling of COVID-19 is due to the fact that the strongest sign in the world today is Pisces, despite the world being in the Age of Aquarius for over five centuries.  This is why (Aquarius) rationality is sidelined, and instead, political knee-jerk responses are taken by many nations towards COVID-19, not to mention climate change.  The recent rise of populace leaders exacerbates the problem, as populace leaders tend to follow their supporters’ collective emotional needs rather than construct a (Capricorn) rational and strategic response.  The rise in populace leaders is associated with mainly the second half of the Cancer micro-age and overflow (2000 – 2014 – 2029) that overlaps the Gemini micro-age and overflow (2014 – 2029 – 2044). (see Table 1 above for the Cancer micro-age overflow highlighted in yellow).

Table 2 – the Pisces epoch remains the strongest manifestation of the 12 zodiacal signs in the world today, until the departure of the Pisces quasi-age in 2503

What the above perspective on the status of Pisces in the world today indicates is that the greatest delusion in the modern world is that we are ‘modern’, whereas, we remain more heavily influenced by (Pisces) medievalism as Table 2 indicates.  Our technology may be modern, but how we use technology is medieval, which is why the world has more nuclear bombs than necessary to blow up the whole world, and we are also using non-nuclear technology to destroy the world through environmental vandalism.  Our modern democracies remain ‘basic’ or embryonic, not the finished product, which is why the rich still rule the world, as they have done for thousands of years.  It’s like having various

Homer Simpson

incarnations of Homer Simpson in charge of the world for the last 5,000 years since governments were first created.

A really modern world cannot appear before 2503, and more likely around another thousand years later – though a good preview will appear towards the end of this century.  People in those distant future times will look back at us aghast at our primitiveness, in the same way as we look back at Ancient Rome and Greece where executions in public arenas were a spectator sport and a Roman father could murder his family members with impunity with this legal right granted to him as head of the household.

Despite so many inspiring things in the world today, it is an unreliable source for the inspiration that we personally need in our lives.  It is better to look elsewhere for inspiration, as while the world may have a high degree of primitiveness, as individuals, we do not have this kind of limitation.  Not only is the sky the limit for our personal inspiration, we miraculously live in one of those special times where real inspiration is available for the keen as we are currently in the strongest part of the Scorpio sub-age and overflow (1791 – 1970 – 2149) with the strongest quarter 1970 to 2059.

Under this Scorpio period, it is one of the best times over 2,000 years for a person to find their inner self or inner truth.  Don’t waste this opportunity by looking in the wrong place, it’s not the world that will present this opportunity to you, but by your own thirst for Truth.  It’s the same Truth that many avatars, teachers and guides from many parts of the world have provided insight and assistance for thousands of years. Furthermore, politics always appears to be a generation behind the times, so if you are an alert and aware person, you will normally feel frustrated at the conservative stance of most governments in most matters.  Don’t let the world drag you down to its level.  There is far more to life than what the ‘world’ has to offer!

Further Resources

Why I did Not Predict COVID-19 20 March 2020

Will the Coronavirus Recession Compare to the Great Depression of the 1930s? 2 May 2020

The Emerging Economic Consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic 6 May 2020

COVID-19 & International Travel? 12 July 2020

Reference

[i] Timeline of plague, Wikipedia, Retrieved 01:01, May 10, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timeline_of_plague&oldid=955227283