The Real Revolution in the USA

The population of the USA is deserting the fundamentalist Christian bloc in droves, and have been doing so for decades.  This seismic socio-political change is mainly being wrought by the young who are increasingly rejecting the belief systems of established religions.  As this dissolution of the WASP and established religious base in American politics continue, conservatives are clutching at straws.  The main straw is Donald Trump.

Donald Trump, who represents everything the hard religious right despises, has made an unholy alliance with the fundamentalist religious base where they overlook his many ‘moral’ shortcomings in exchange for his support for their sinking ship.  Is Trump the last hurrah of the extremist’s fundamentalist religious influence in the USA?

Any unbiased observer will notice that since the rise of western society, coinciding with the arrival of the Age of Aquarius in the 15th century, there has been a progressive or growing liberal agenda in western nations, but not without some serious temporary setbacks at times.  This growing liberal agenda also appears to be accelerating.  For example, even in my lifetime, in the Australia of the 1960s the police were able to physically attack gay people with impunity but now one country after another is legalizing gay marriage.  This is just one of many traditional social issues that have been upended by the onslaught of the liberal revolution.

There are just so many examples of the ongoing surge of liberalism but strangely, many liberal-oriented folk do not seem to be able to recognize this surge away from conservative-religious political values.  They see Trump as some kind of cataclysmic development sending society full steam astern.  Did Hitler with all his armed forces turn back the tide of western liberalism?  The evolutionary stride of western society is like the incoming tide, not every wave forces itself further up the beach, but on average, they do.

According to the Public Religious Research Institute, we will be saved by the young as they progressively distance themselves from mainstream religions and become ‘unaffiliated’.  The growth of the unaffiliated young religious voters in the USA is the greatest socio-political development since the 1990’s – 1991 to be specific.  The result: “Today, only 43% of Americans identify as white and Christian, and only 30% as white and Protestant. In 1976, roughly eight in ten (81%) Americans identified as white and identified with a Christian denomination, and a majority (55%) were white Protestants.”


The arch-conservative fundamentalist religious base that overwhelmingly voted for Trump in the 2016 presidential elections is on the slippery slope towards insignificance, and therefore they are clutching at straws.   However, even if this base becomes increasingly irrelevant as the 21st century proceeds, it must be replaced by something because the primary sign associated with the USA is Pisces symbolically represented by two fish swimming in opposite directions.  The USA will remain the greatest example of the juxtaposition of liberalism and fundamentalist conservatism in the world.

Is Trump representative of this new conservative fish?  Most likely – as he is obviously only a thin-skinned Christian (for public political purposes only) and he represent the rich conservative side of politics with neo-fascist leanings where patriotism, authority and loyalty are more important than democracy and freedoms.  Trump is the new face of crass corporate America intruding upon the political landscape.  Trump needed the support of the religious right, the new unemployed or underemployed semi-destitute and the right wing extremists.

The research by the Public Religious Research Institute indicates that the religious right, that Trump depended upon, is steadily going down the gurgler and so future politicians of Trump’s ilk will increasingly need to depend less upon the religious conservatives and more upon the gun toting voting public, disenchanted workers wanting to turn back the clock and the extremist whackos strongly supported by corporate neo-fascists such as Rupert Murdoch (owner of Fox News).

The astrology indicates that the growth of  corporate fascism this century will reach a pinnacle in 2088 due to the Aquarius sub-age decan and overflow (2029 – 2088 – 2148) which will strongly influence world politics in the period 2088 to 2148.  (see Age of Aquarius for Dummies for details on sub-periods of the astrological ages).  This is not a one-sided affair, as it also indicates the massive growth of liberalism, socialism and progressive political agendas.  This will occur in nearly all western societies, but accentuated in the USA due to its primary Pisces nature.

Most sub-age decans such as the Aquarius sub-age decan have a preview, and the current Aquarius micro-age decan and overflow (Dec 2014 – Dec 2019 – Jun 2022) is a preview of the coming Aquarius hurricane.  This is why I previously published Trump is Representative of the Age of Aquarius

The evolution of any society is usually messy.  Many on the liberal left have a Goldilocks mentality and when something does not go their way (in the short term), they think the sky is falling in.  The main stress point for the evolution of liberalism in the world is the USA, not only due to its Pisces rulership, but because it is also the age empire of our time similar to Ancient Rome and Ancient Egypt associated with the previous two astrological ages respectively.  The clash between liberal and conservative forces is played out in the USA like some kind of gigantic melodrama or soap opera due to Pisces ruling the USA.

Why did the Public Religious Research Institute discover that we will we be saved by the young?  It’s all due to the Gemini sub-age decan and overflow (1970 – 2029 – 2088) and Gemini always favors youth, which in this day and age are hypnotized by their handheld communication devices! Historically, most generations are dismissive of their following generations, but fortunately it appears that the young are increasingly dismissive of the baggage associated with the older generations, especially their religious belief systems.

Another astrological factor in the dissolution of established religious dogma is that religion is generally associated with Sagittarius and the current Gemini sub-age decan and overflow is exactly opposite in nature to Sagittarius.  We have already seen the opening salvo of Gemini undermining established religions with the exposure of the many pedophiles entrenched within and protected by the established religions over the last four or five decades.  It is also important to remember that the current Gemini period remains in its infancy, and so we better prepare for Gemini in full force from 2029 onward.

Further Reading:

Age of Aquarius for Dummies

Pisces America

Will New Agers Rule the World?

 This is the Dawning of the Aquarius Micro-Age Decan

Gemini’s Role in our Modern World (or Battle of the Brains)

Change is in the Air by David Suzuki



Astrology Through the Ages

Astrology Before Modernity

© Copyright Terry MacKinnell 2014, 2017 Under the Berne Convention


In this paper I am going to provide an analysis of the fortunes of horoscopic astrology using some specific types of sub-periods of the astrological ages.  While there can be many different viewpoints on the fortunes of astrology, the viewpoint from the sub-periods of the ages provides amazing clarity, but nevertheless does not monopolize the field, as each different view will provide some unique insight.

Horoscopic astrology’s honeymoon period was the first two centuries AD culminating with Claudius Ptolemy and Vettius Valens. Its momentum continued into the following centuries but with the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century and the growing political strength of the Roman Catholic Church, interest in astrology subsided and opposition rose.  In the 8th century astrology experienced a period of revival, especially in the new Islamic ‘empire’.  This new impetus lasted for around 150 years.

This cyclic activity is a microcosm of a repetitive cycle that dominates the fortunes of astrology.  It also existed before the advent of horoscopic astrology with developments in ancient pre-horoscopic astrology. Situated at the beginning of the 21st century, astrology is once again in a period equivalent to the beginning of the first two centuries AD.  We have not yet reached the stage equivalent to Claudius Ptolemy and Vettius Valens – that is due in the period 2074 to 2148, but in the meantime, horoscopic astrology is in an ascending curve.

The focus in this research is on how the passage of the astrological ages correlates to the changing fortunes of astrology utilizing the sub-periods of the astrological ages – specifically the 1/12th division of the ages into sub-ages, and the respective division of sub-ages into three sub-age decans. The purpose of this research is not to provide another history of astrology, of which there are many available, but to show another perspective that is concise enough to make accurate predictions about the future of astrology.  The sub-periods of the astrological ages I use are actually based on a very old method of dividing each zodiacal sign in to 12 parts.  This twelve-fold division is usually called after the Vedic name of ‘dwadasamsa’ (often abbreviated to ‘dwad’) but the Hellenistic astrologers usually called them ‘dodecatemories’ (which however could also refer to various other divisions due to lack of uniformity by early astrologers).  It is believed that the early Hellenistic astrologers sourced the twelve-fold division of each zodiacal signs from the earlier Babylonian astrologers.

The positive fortunes of astrology are directly and clearly linked to specific sub-ages and sub-age decans in a musical “di-di-dah” format.  The first two beats are created by Cancer and Scorpio in any order.  About every 720 years, a new sub-age appears ruled by a Water sign.  Each Water sub-age will have at a minimum, two sub-age decans assigned to Cancer and Scorpio but for two-thirds of the Water sub-ages encountered, either Cancer or Scorpio will also be the parent sub-age.  Following each Water sub-age is usually an Air sub-age and each Air sub-age will either be Aquarius, or contain an Aquarius sub-age decan.  Aquarius provides the final ‘dah’ note.  About every 720 years this beat appears and astrology is first reinvigorated and then flourishes.

The following Table 1 displays all the sub-ages with age-decans and ages since the beginning of the Pisces age:

Date Age Date Age-Decan Date Sub-Age
732 BC Pisces 732 BC Scorpio -732 Aquarius
-551 Capricorn
-370 Sagittarius
-189 Scorpio
8 BC Cancer 8 BC Libra
173 Virgo
353 Leo
533 Cancer
713 AD Pisces 713 AD Gemini
894 Taurus
1073 Aries
1253 Pisces
1433 Aquarius 1433 Libra 1433 Capricorn
1612 Sagittarius
1791 Scorpio
1970 Libra
2148 Gemini 2148 Virgo

Table 1

This di-di-dah beat happened about 2,000 years ago with the flourishing of Hellenistic astrology, and reappeared in the 8th century with the Islamic revival of astrology.  If you refer to Table 1 above, you will notice that we are in the middle of another di-di-dah beat in the early 21st century.

The beginning of the Pisces age in 732 BC commenced with the Aquarius sub-age (732 – 551 BC), plus the Aquarius sub-age overflow (561 – 370 BC).  All ages and associated sub-periods behave like a formative period which then goes on an excels and propagates in the immediate following period of the same type.  For example, The Scorpio age decan (732 BC – 8 BC) of the Pisces age (732 BC – 1433 AD) demonstrates its greatest effect in the following Cancer age-decan (8 BC – 713 AD), and when focusing upon Scorpio, the Cancer age-decan can be called the Scorpio age-decan overflow.  (For more details on the mechanics of the astrological ages refer to “The Age of Aquarius for Dummies” or conceptualize a multi-layered onion).

The previous sub-age to the Aquarius sub-age was the last sub-age of the Aries age (c.2916 – 732 BC) – the Aries sub-age (c.913-732 BC) as the last sub-age of any age is always the same sign as its parent.  Due to the ‘missing’ sign at the cusp of ages, there was no water (Pisces) sub-age.  This is the only time in the 26,000 year cycle of the ages that a Pisces sub-age does not following an Aries sub-age with Cancer and Scorpio sub-age decans within the Pisces sub-age.  However, the first age decan of the Pisces age is the Scorpio age-decan (732 – 8 BC) so even in this idiosyncratic Aquarius sub-age, it still has at least Scorpio to comfort it even if sitting in the background. It is this Aquarius sub-age overflow (551-370 BC) that horoscopic astrology first appeared, on a sole “dah” note!  The overflow of any period is stronger than its own period.

Table 2 displays all sub-ages and their sub-age overflows since the beginning of the Pisces age in 732 BC:

Date Sub-Age Sub-Age Overflow
-732 Aquarius Aries
-551 Capricorn Aquarius
-370 Sagittarius Capricorn
-189 Scorpio Sagittarius
8 BC Libra Scorpio
173 AD Virgo Libra
353 Leo Virgo
533 Cancer Leo
713 Gemini Cancer
894 Taurus Gemini
1073 Aries Taurus
1253 Pisces Aries
1433 Capricorn Pisces
1612 Sagittarius Capricorn
1791 Scorpio Sagittarius
1970 Libra Scorpio
2148 Virgo Libra

Table 2 – Sub-ages and overflow periods

Babylonian Horoscopes

The earliest known horoscope is dated to April 410 BC in Babylon.[1]  The year 410 BC is located in an Aquarius sub-age overflow (551-370 BC).  The first probable reference to have been made to the divinatory side of these early Babylonian horoscopes is believed to have been made by the Greek Theophrastus (c.372-280 BC).[2]

Hellenistic Astrology – Early Formative Period

Hellenistic astrology was apparently developed over the last two centuries BC through the hybridization of Babylonian and Egyptian astrology and techniques.  The main contribution by Egyptian astrology appears to be the addition of astrological houses derived from their observations of the rising of decan stars.   Hipparchus (c.190-120 BC) invented the tropical zodiac somewhere around 125 BC when he discovered precession of the equinoxes (for the ancient Greeks at least) but the newly invented tropical zodiac was not utilized by astrologers for many centuries as the Hellenistic astrologers continued to use the sidereal (fixed) zodiac.[3]  The earliest known or referenced chart utilizing an ascendant is in 62 or 61 BC though some claim possibly a decade earlier but fully developed modern house structure was delayed for some time.  In Hipparchus’ lifetime, horoscopes did not appear any more developed than the Babylonian form.  For example, the question of houses remained unsettled – early house structure often showed first only four then eight houses.[4]

Hipparchus however is believed to have popularized astrology[5] and so much of Hellenistic astrology must have been developed between approximately 125 and 61 BC. Therefore the first appearance of Hellenistic astrology takes place in the Scorpio sub-age (c.189-8 BC) and its Cancer sub-age decan ruling between 189 – 129 BC.  Cancer then moves into its more powerful overflow mode between 129 – 69 BC.  This tightly coincides with the time frame allotted for the development of Hellenistic astrology (i.e. 125-61 BC) by one or more unknown astrologers referred to by later astrologers cryptically as Hermes, Aesculapius, Nechepso, Petosiris and Abram possibly sometime in the late 2nd century BC or early 1st century BC.[6]

The earliest text on Hellenistic astrology is believed to have been written by Hermes Trismegistus, which was passed onto and expanded by Asclepius followed by two more astrologers – Nechepso and Petosiris – with all employing pen-names (pseudepigrapha) to hide their real identities.[7]  This is appropriate for archetypes associated with Cancer because Cancer is strongly associated with being out of the public eye – a positive trait of Cancer’s opposite sign Capricorn.

The core of Hellenistic astrology was developed under the auspices of Scorpio on the sub-age level and most likely Cancer on the sub-age decan level, especially in their respective overflow periods.  This is the di-di beat.  The only astrologer I could find in this period who can be identified is the Roman scholar Publius Nigidius Figulus (c. 98 – 45 BC), who was a friend of Cicero.  He had a wide range of intellectual interests, especially in esoteric areas and wrote a number of books involving astrology and it is believed he was interested in both the Etruscan and Egyptian astrological heritages.[8]  Astrology by the 1st century BC must have made an impact as the Roman elite, of which Figulus was a member, were attracted to it.  The Roman general and politician Lucius Cornelius Sulla (138-78 BC) was an enthusiastic supporter of astrology and trusted his horoscope[9]

It is astrologically relevant that the birth and development of Hellenistic astrology is hidden with most key players unknown due to the archetypes associated with the two key operative signs – Cancer and Scorpio.  Cancer is anti-status, and Scorpio is hidden and rules the underground.   Aggregating this with Aquarius, the sign that avoids the (Leo) limelight, suggests that astrology will always be in the shadows to a certain extent as astrology does not have a solid sign associated with it.  Furthermore Cancer is cyclical, and Aquarius is erratic which also suggests that the fortunes of astrology will swing wildly over time and will rarely be incorporated in the mainstream of society, and if it is incorporated in the mainstream of society, it will be for only a short time in historical terms.  The last 2,000 years history of astrology supports this.

Consolidation Period

The Scorpio sub-age overflow (c.8 BC-173 AD) sees an even stronger continuation of horoscopic astrology based purely on the number of  publications of Hellenistic astrological works from many astrologers, with most Hellenistic astrologers speaking and writing in Greek. The poet Marcus Manilius (1st century AD) was renowned for being the first Hellenistic astrologer to have his work survive in modern times. Manilius wrote in verse and referred to the ages as:

“And the long ages are assigned a predestined course of events”[10]

He was also the first astrologer to write about houses – evidence for the use of modern houses commenced only around 20 BC.[11] Manilius was not popular among the astrologers who followed him and his astrology was idiosyncratic and his approach to houses was embryonic.  Hellenistic astrologers generally employed a twelve-fold division of each 30 degree sign into 12 dodocomateria of 2 ½ degrees each while Manilius’ dodocomateria were only ½ degree each.  It is these 2 ½ degrees dodocomateria that create sub-ages when applied to astrological ages.

A brief tour of the astrologers of the 1st and second century AD is indicative of astrology’s zenith at the time:

  • Thrasyllus of Mendes or Alexandria (his life straddled 1 AD), an Egyptian Greek, and personal friend of Emperor Tiberius and the Court Astrologer – it is believed he predicted the rise of Caligula to Emperor.[12]
  • Critodemus was probably a contemporary of Thrasyllus and was referred to by Pliny and Vettius Valens.[13]
  • There are no extant writings from Antiochus of Athens (c.2nd century AD) but he was extensively quoted by later writers and is credited to providing one of the earliest references to reception.[14]
  • Dorotheus of Sidon (c.75 AD) was most likely a resident of Alexandria, Egypt and he has provided one of the best sources of Hellenistic astrology via later Arabic translations of his works and consequently he had great influence on later Christian, Persian, Arab and medieval astrologers.
  • Manetho (b.80 AD) is famous as the author of the poem Prognostics with the material sourced from Dorotheus.[15]

Situated at the end of this Scorpio sub-age overflow (8BC – 173 AD) are the works of Ptolemy and Valens:

  • Vettius Valens (120-c.175 AD) is our major source of literary horoscopes from his ten volumes Anthology probably written somewhere between 150 to 175 AD. Valens included over a hundred sample charts in the Anthology. The Anthology is the most copied ancient work on astrology.
  • Claudius Ptolemy (c.90 – c.168) was “a pro-astrological authority of the highest magnitude” and author of the Tetrabiblos.  The Tetrabiblos became the astrological authority for over 1,000 years but he was little known in his own time. Ptolemy collected most of his material from earlier sources but his systematic way of presenting the material stood him in good stead for a long time[16] even if he presented a simplified version of astrology and it is unlikely he was a practicing astrologer.[17]

Claudius Ptolemy was the most famous of ancient astrologers in later times and there is a corresponding astrological reason.  The Scorpio sub-age overflow is the same time-frame as the Libra sub-age and the last two thirds of the Scorpio sub-age overflow/Libra sub-age  (8 BC – 173 AD)

Early Baroque artist’s rendition of Claudius Ptolemy

was the Aquarius sub-age decan and overflow (52-112-173).  Ptolemy’s publications most likely occurred in the Aquarius sub-age decan overflow (1121-173 AD).  Combining the Scorpio sub-age overflow with the Aquarius sub-age decan overflow conjuncts two periods that are extremely favorable to astrology.  This is supported by the fact that the 2nd century AD provided the most significant sources for horoscopic astrology for later centuries compared to earlier and later periods.[18]

This Scorpio sub-age and Aquarius sub-age decan overflow ends with the translation of Yavanajataka into Sanskrit in 149-150 AD – the earliest known Sanskrit work referencing western horoscopic practices.  The Yavanajataka contains instructions on calculating horoscopes thus allowing the transmission of Hellenistic astrology to India into what was ultimately melded with indigenous sidereal astrology to form Vedic astrology (despite vehement protestations by most contemporary Vedic astrologers). Although Hellenistic astrology was formed in the Scorpio sub-age proper, we see from the spurt in Hellenistic astrology in the early centuries of the 1st millennium that it powered ahead and dispersed under the Scorpio sub-age overflow and Aquarius sub-age decan and overflow which is a classic example of the Overflow Effect.  This ends the major di-di-dah beat that powers astrology through the ages.

Late Roman Period

Following the heyday of Hellenistic astrology between 125 BC and c.173 AD coinciding with the end of the Scorpio sub-age overflow, the noteworthy or known works on Hellenistic astrology slowed down considerably.

Three astrologers stand out in this period:

  • Paulus Alexandrinus’ extant work, Introductory Matters (378 AD), included major topics in astrology as practiced in the fourth century Roman Empire.[19]
  • Hephaestion of Thebes published Apotelesmatics around 415 AD apparently in an attempt to synthesize the earlier works Dorotheus of Sidon, Claudius Ptolemy and Antiochus of Athens but he had little impact on the later Arabic astrologers.[20]
  • Julius Firmicus Maternus was the author of Eight Books of Astrology (c.334-37) comprising the most extensive surviving text of Roman astrology and the last surviving work on astrology written in Latin of any relevance.[21] [22]

These astrologers in general were not charting new courses for astrology but reworking Hellenistic astrology from the 1st and 2nd centuries AD thus cementing the influence of astrology’s former di-di-dah beat.

Post Roman Revival

The next di-di-dah beat is associated with the Cancer sub-age and overflow (533-713-894) including the Aquarius sub-age decan and overflow (713-773-832 AD) with the most potent period associated with the overlap of the Cancer sub-age overflow and Aquarius sub-age decan overflow (773-832 AD). However, the Cancer micro-age covers the same time frame as the Leo sub-age overflow, and Leo is archetypally opposite to Aquarius. Under Leo, astrology is threatened.  Therefore the Cancer sub-age (excluding its overflow period) shows an overpowering Leo influence marshaling its forces against astrology, but with an emergent Cancer breathing new life into astrology.  This is exactly what occurred.

With the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century astrology virtually disappeared in the West but the arrival of the Cancer sub-age (c.533-713 AD) seemed to reinvigorate astrology elsewhere:

  • The Greek Rhetorius of Egypt (6th or early 7th centuries AD) wrote an extensive compendium on the works of earlier astrologers and he provided a link from the earlier Hellenistic astrologers to the Arab and medieval practices that followed.[23]
  • Olympiodorus the Younger (c. 495 – 570) survived the persecutions by many of his associates in Alexandria despite being a pagan of the Platonist tradition in a world where Christianity had a stranglehold on intellectual endeavors.  He is accredited with publishing a commentary on Paulus Alexandrinus’ Introduction to Astrology but he probably only complied a series of lectures in 564 AD which were later published.[24]
  • Another example is the 6th century John the Lydian, a Byzantine administrator in Constantinople who also conserved the old Alexandrian doctrines of astrology.[25] [26]

The Sasanian king Kusro Anushirwan created a virtual astrological renaissance in his reign 531-579 coinciding tightly with the start of the Cancer sub-age in 533.  Key astrological texts were retranslated or revised and used by the later Islamic astrologers.  We also see some other developments – Julian of Laodicea (early 6th century) and the writing of `Pancasiddhantika’ and `Brhadyatra’ in the mid-6th century.  This Post-Roman Revival did not forge new ground, but reworked or promoted material from much older Hellenistic astrologers.

Islamic Revival

It is in the Cancer sub-age overflow period (c.713 – 894) that the full-fledged rebirth of Hellenistic astrology and techniques occurred.  Commencing in 762 AD, Baghdad became an Islamic center for astrology with a much effort put towards securing and translating astrological

Study of the moon and stars. Ottoman miniature from 17th century. Istanbul University Library

texts from a wide range of sources.  In this Cancer overflow period we have Theophilus of Edessa (late 8th century), Masha’allah (770-815 AD), Omar of Tiberias (d.815 AD),  Zahel (d. 822-850), Abu `Ali al-Khayyat (c.854), Al-Farghani (d.863+), Al-Kind- (d.870+) and Albumasar  (Abu Ma’shar (787-886).  As this list indicates, nearly all of the most notable Islamic astrologers appeared in this Cancer sub-age overflow.  It is also notable that similar to its formative period, that the highly observable resurgence of Hellenistic astrology took place in a Cancer overflow period, not in the Cancer period proper.

The first two-thirds of this Cancer sub-age overflow coincide with an Aquarius sub-age decan and overflow (713-773-833 AD) where two astrologers stand out – Masha’allah and Albumasar:

  • Masha’allah (740 – 815 AD) in his early 20’s worked with a group of astrologers to pick an electional horoscope for the founding of the city of Bagdad.  He was familiar with both Persian and Indian astrology and became an authoritative source both in the Islamic world and Western Europeans.  He was interested in mundane astrology and developed a cosmological model that incorporated precession of the equinoxes but he is mostly known for pioneering the idea that the conjunctions of Saturn and Jupiter predict important mundane events. He was the leading astrologer in the late 8th century.[27] [28]
  • Albumasar (c.787-886) was a master astrologer and the most imposing astrologer of this period with an encyclopaedic knowledge of astrology and the author of around 50 books.  His two greatest books were The Great Introduction (to astrology) and The Great Conjunctions with a special focus upon Jupiter and Saturn.  He wrote extensively on mundane astrology including a book on Aries ingresses, possibly the earliest known book on solar returns, used dodecatemories (for both signs and houses).  It is believed that Albumasar was introduced to astrology by Al-Kindi (c.796-873).
  • Al-Kindi wrote hundreds of books including astrology and his two most famous astrological texts are The Judgments of the Stars and Rains, Storms and Winds, and Change in the Air.[29]

Islamic astrologers continued to write books following this period with the more famous ones being Alchabitius (d.967), Al-Biruni (973-c.1048), a universal astrology similar to Ptolemy, and finally Haly Abenrudian (988-c.1067).  The Jewish scholar Abraham Ibn Ezra (c.1089-1167) wrote more than 50 books on astronomy and astrology

Medieval Renaissance

The next appearance of Cancer and Scorpio is in the Pisces sub-age (c.1253-1433). This is the last sub-age in the Pisces age (c.732 BC – 1433 AD).  However the previous century (i.e. the 12th century) saw a frenzied period of translation from Arabic into Latin of many astrological works.  Even India was the recipient of Arabic astrological texts in the first half of the 13th century.

The towering figure of Bonatti waited appropriately until the Scorpio sub-age decan (c.1253-1313) of the Pisces sub-age (c.1253-1433).  Guido Bonnatti’s (c.1210-1290) work Liber Astronomiae (Book of Introduction to the Judgement of the Stars) appears not in the Scorpio sub-age decan overflow but in the Scorpio sub-age decan proper.  This coincides with the original appearance of Hellenistic astrology in the Scorpio sub-age proper (c.189-8 BC).  Also in the Scorpio sub-age decan is Leopold of Austria’s compendium of astrology towards the late 1200’s.

The second sub-age decan of the Pisces sub-age is the Cancer sub-age decan (c.1313-1373) and its overflow is c.1373-1433.  Nothing is found in the Cancer period proper but in the Cancer sub-age decan overflow c.1373-1433 is Eleutherius Zebelenus of Elis’ critical revision of earlier astrological texts in the late 1300’s and the English astrologer John of Ashenden (d.1379) who was `strongly influenced by Abu Ma’shar’[1]

From the late 2nd century and early 1st century BC under Scorpio and Cancer we see the development of Hellenistic astrology with its greatest achievement found in the Aquarius sub-age decan.  The Cancer sub-age overflow (c.713-894) coincided with the Islamic revival of Hellenistic astrology.  Jumping forward to the medieval revival in the Pisces sub-age with its Scorpio and Cancer sub-age decans we find Bonnatti in the Scorpio sub-age decan proper and some astrological activity in the Cancer sub-age decan overflow.  The next appearance of a Water sub-age with its Scorpio and Cancer influence is the Scorpio sub-age (1791-1970) and overflow (1970 – 2148) in modern times.

According to Rex E Bills, astrology is only strongly related to Aquarius (and Uranus)[30] but my research indicates two other signs at a minimum are strongly associated with astrology, Scorpio and Cancer. Structurally, Scorpio has some support from Vedic astrology where the 8th house is assigned to astrology,[31] with Scorpio the natural ruler of the 8th house.

Astrology in Ancient Times

The details of the appearance of astrology are lost in the fog of history, though ‘forensic’ research provides insights into the thinking and understanding of ancient scholars. Suggestions implicating the ancient existence of proto-astrology are found as early as the 22nd century BC.  Tamsyn Barton reports on a document dated 2122 to 2102 BC in Mesopotamia (Iraq) in which a reference was made to a female deity shown examining a clay tablet depicting the constellations to ensure that a proposed temple was built according to the stars.[32]  This time-frame occurs in a Scorpio sub-age (2188-2006 BC).  Non-horoscopic astrology was also known in Ancient Egypt where, as early as 2100 BC, representation of the 36 constellations (decans) are first noted though not necessarily with any astrological connotations.[33]  This also occurs in the same Scorpio sub-age (2188-2006 BC).

Numerous proto-astrological references occur throughout much of the 2nd millennium BC at a time when astronomy and proto-astrology were inseparable but without accurate dating and sources it does not assist in clarifying relationships between developments in astrology with various sub-ages and their respective decans.  One interesting observation in this millennium is from Gavin White, who reports on the earliest known predictions of the destiny of children based on their month of birth.  This is sourced to the ancient Hittite capital in the 13th century BC.[34]  This time-frame (1200-1299 BC) coincides with a Cancer sub-age and overflow (1460-1278-1096 BC) plus possibly an Aquarius sub-age decan (1278-1217 BC).  White states that the style of these birth predictions suggests they were borrowed from Babylonia.

Another possible very early reference is the Vedāṅga Jyotiṣa, one of earliest known Indian text on astronomy and astrology.  Included in it is a description of the winter solstice c.1400 BC but unfortunately its publication date is guesswork – probably in the range 1370 to 1150 BC.[35]  This coincides with a Cancer sub-age decan and overflow (1460-1278-1187).

Table 3 correlates important milestones in the history of astrology aligned to the relevant sub-ages or sub-age decans.

Astrologer / Event

Period Scorpio Scorpio O/f Cancer Cancer O/f Aquarius Aquarius O/f
Ancient Times
Constellation on a clay tablet 2122 to 2102 BC x
Destiny of children 1200-1299 BC ? ? ?
First Babylonian Horoscope 410 BC x
Early Formative Period
Hipparchus c.125 BC x



Development of Hellenistic Astrology 125-61 BC x



Consolidation Period
Marcus Manilius 1st century AD x
Thrasyllus of Mendes 1st centuries BC & AD ? x
Critodemus 1st century? x ?
Antiochus of Athens 2nd century AD? x ? ?
Dorotheus of Sidon c.75 AD x x ?
Manetho b.80 AD x x ?
Vettius Valens 120 – c.175 AD x x
Ptolemy c.90 – 168 AD x x
Translation of Yavanajataka into Sanskrit c.149-150 AD x x
Post Roman Revival
Rhetorius of Egypt 6th or early 7th centuries ? ? x ?
Olympiodorus c. 495 – 570 x
John the Lydian 6th century x
Islamic Revival (including Byzantine Astrologers)
Kusro Anushirwan astrological renaissance 531-579 x
Julian of Laodicea Early 500’s x
`Pancasiddhantika’ and `Brhadyatra’ Mid 500’s x
Theophilus of Edessa 695-785 x x
Masha’allah 770-815 x x
Omar of Tiberias d.815 x x
Abu Bakr Early 800’s x x
Zahel d. 822-850 x ?
Abu `Ali al-Khayyat c.854 x
Al-Farghani d.863+ x
Al-Kind d.870+ x
Albumasar 787 – 886 x x
Stephanus the Philosopher x
Medieval Revival
Bonatti c.1210-1290 x
Leopold of Austria Late 1200’s x
Eleutherius Zebelenus of Elis Late 1300’s x
John of Ashenden d.1379


Table 3


Based on the above analysis and table, a very tight relationship exists between the expansion of astrology with the two water signs of Scorpio and Cancer with the addition of the air sign of Aquarius.  James Holden was one of the first modern astrologers to research ancient astrology in detail.  In A History of Horoscopic Astrology he developed a periodization scheme for horoscopic astrology.  Holden was totally unaware of my sub-age schemata but his periodization dovetails perfectly with my schemata based on Cancer, Scorpio and Aquarius sub-ages and sub-age decans.

Following are Holden’s periods:

  1. In the First Period “… between the 7th and 5th (or perhaps as late as the 4th) century the Babylonians developed the concept of natal astrology”[36] with the development of the first known embryonic horoscope. This corresponds to my Aquarius sub-age and overflow (732 – 551 – 370 BC) within the Scorpio age decan (732 BC – 8 BC) of the Pisces age.
  2. Holden’s Second Period of Astrology begins with the Hellenistic astrologers and the claim that Hellenistic astrology commenced in the (late) 2nd century BC.  This period is aligned with both the Scorpio sub-age (189 – 8 BC) and Cancer sub-age decan and overflow (189 – 129 -69 BC) with the peak time associated with the following Aquarius sub-age decan and overflow (52-112-172 AD) within the Scorpio sub-age overflow (8 BC – 172 AD)
  3. Holden’s Third Period is what he calls Medieval Astrology and commences with “Arabian Astrology” in the 8th century AD exactly in line with the Cancer sub-age and overflow (533 – 713 – 894 AD) with the main focus in the overflow period including the Aquarius sub-age decan and overflow (713-773-832 AD).  A Post-Roman Revival did occur away from the former Western Roman Empire in the Cancer sub-age proper (533 – 713 AD)
  4. Holden does not assign a major period of astrology to the Medieval Revival in the 13th century with a strong focus upon Bonatti, but does note it.  This actually has an astrological reason.  Associated with the Medieval Revival are the Scorpio and Cancer sub-age decans of the Pisces sub-age (1253 – 1433 AD), but there is no presence of Cancer or Scorpio at the strength of a sub-age or stronger.  Secondly, the first three periods of astrology were associated with the cusp of ages or age decans.  The First and Second periods are associated with the beginning and peak of the Scorpio age-decan (732 BC – 8 BC), and the Third Period with its high-point in 713 AD of the Cancer age-decan and overflow (8 BC – 713 AD – 1433).  It can therefore be construed, that for a major period in the development of horoscopic astrology in the past, present and future, there must be at a minimum a Cancer, Scorpio or Aquarius sub-age or stronger (i.e. age-decan or age).  This was not the case with the Medieval Revival.

The strong association between horoscopic astrology with Aquarius, Cancer and Scorpio sub-ages and sub-age decans continues on into the Modern Era commencing in the 15th century.  In 2017, the world is at the equivalent of the year 38 AD, right in the middle of the Scorpio/Cancer heyday of Hellenistic astrology but awaiting the equivalent of the time of Ptolemy.  Again, we currently live in the best of times for astrology, with much more to come in the coming century.  Analysis of the Modern Era since the arrival of the Age of Aquarius in the 15th century will be published soon.

It is also worth noting that if these three signs have strong affinity to horoscopic astrology, that their respective three opposite signs: Leo, Capricorn and Taurus may be ‘opposed’ to astrology.  Research currently supports that both Leo and Capricorn are inimical towards astrology while the jury is out on Taurus.  For example, the Leo sub-age and overflow (353 – 533 – 713) was aligned with the extinguishing of astrology in Europe following the fall of the Western Roman Empire plus the growing stridency of the Roman Catholic Church as it entered its highly intolerant stage.

The Mechanics of Macro-Astrology

This analysis uses the techniques of macro-astrology based primarily upon sub-ages and sub-age decans. The mechanics of age sub-divisions used are based on the geometric application of the dwadasamsa twelve-fold sub-division of the zodiacal signs.  In each age (approximately 2150 years each) the sub-ages, based on the dwadasamsa, are `retrograde’ as are their parent ages.  Each sub-age (1/12th of an age and approximately 180 years each) also have 12 micro-ages (of approx 15 years in length) following the same geometric application of dwads as for the sub-ages.  All ages, sub-ages and micro-ages have their respective decans (in retrograde fashion).

The astrology employed in macro-astrology uses the same basic sign rulerships as employed in genethlialogical astrology.  However due to the slow motion effect of the ages and their sub-periods compared to traditional astrology and taking into account the retrograde nature of the ages and their sub-periods, a curious phenomenon occurs which I call the Overflow Effect.  Basically whenever any period is encountered, for example the Pisces age, Pisces effects will demonstrably be seen to coincide with this age.  However due to the retrograde nature of any period associated with ages, each period reaches its peak strength at its end.  For example in the Pisces age the last age-decan is Pisces and the last sub-age is Pisces – therefore a `triple’ Pisces effect is experienced at the end of the Pisces age.

This strong manifestation of a sign at its end does not `fall off the edge of the cliff’ once its period proper comes to an end.  Rather, by analogy, it behaves like a wave that breaks at its end and washes over the following period.  Research furthermore indicates that, for example, after the end of the Pisces age in its overflow period, almost twice as many and potent Pisces events are experienced.  For example once the Pisces age came to an end in 1433 (at the birth of the Modern era) coinciding with the arrival of the Age of Aquarius, the Pisces influence is very much the senior influence in the Aquarian age with Aquarius slowly developing its strength.  In this situation Pisces is the `major ruler’ and Aquarius the `minor ruler’ in the Aquarian age.   This concept may be troubling for some astrologers but the influence of the overflow effect is extremely important in attempting to understand the historical correlations of the ages and their sub-periods.



James Holden, A History of Horoscopic Astrology, AFA Inc., Arizona, 2006

Tamsyn Barton, Ancient Astrology, Routledge, London & New York, 1998

Gavin White, Babylonian Star-Lore, Solaria Publications, London, 2008

Chris Brennan, Hellenistic Astrology, Amar Fati Publications, Denver, 2017

Chris Brennan,The Katarchē of Horary’  2006

David Ovason, The History of the Horoscope, Sutton Publishing, UK, 2005

Rex E Bills, The Rulership Book, Macoy Publishing, Virginia, 1976

Jim Tester, A History of Western Astrology, The Boydell Press, UK, 1987

Robert Hand,Chronology of the Astrology of the Middle East and the West by Period,  ARHAC, 1998


[1] “The History of the Horoscope”, p1

[2] “Ancient Astrology”, p 22

[3] It should be noted that Hellenistic astrology developed at the one time in the 26,000 years cycle of the ages where both the tropical and sidereal zodiacs were closely aligned and so it made little difference which zodiac was used unlike today where the difference is around 24 degrees.

[4] “A History of Western Astrology”, p 29

[5] “Ancient Astrology”, p 23

[6] “A History of Horoscopic Astrology”, p16

[7] “Hellenistic Astrology”, pp 15-49

[8] Nigidius Figulus, Wikipedia, Retrieved November 27, 2014, from

[9] “A History of Horoscopic Astrology”, p 20

[10] “A History of Horoscopic Astrology”, p 26

[11] Marcus Manilius. Wikipedia,  Retrieved  November 19, 2014, from

[12] Thrasyllus of Mendes, Wikipedia, Retrieved November 19, 2014, from

[13] Critodemus. Wikipedia, Retrieved November 19, 2014, from

[14] Antiochus of Athens, Wikipedia, Retrieved, November 19, 2014, from

[15] “Ancient Astrology”, p 58

[16] Ptolemy, Wikipedia, Retrieved, November 19, 2014, from

[17] “Ancient Astrology”, p 62

[18] “Ancient Astrology”, p 57

[19] Paulus Alexandrinus, Wikipedia, Retrieved November 19, 2014, from

[20] Hephaestion of Thebes, Wikipedia, Retrieved  November 19, 2014, from

[21]Julius Firmicus Maternus,  Wikipedia, Retrieved November 19, 2014, from

[22] “Ancient Astrology” p 80

[23] Rhetorius, Wikipedia, Retrieved November 19, 2014, from

[24] Olympiodorus the Younger. Wikipedia, Retrieved November 21, 2014, from

[25] John the Lydian, Wikipedia, Retrieved November 19, 2014, from

[26] “Ancient Astrology”, p 84

[27] “A History of Horoscopic Astrology”, pp109-11

[28]Mashallah ibn Athari, Wikipedia, Retrieved November 22, 2014, from

[29] “A History of Horoscopic Astrology”, pp 115-126

[30] “The Rulership Book”, p 9

[31] “Ancient Hindu Astrology for the Modern Western Astrologer”, p 155 re: “occult sciences”

[32] “Ancient Astrology”, p11

[33] “Ancient Astrology”, p20

[34] “Babylonian Star-Lore”, p268

[35] Vedanga Jyotisha, Wikipedia, Retrieved, November 19, 2014, from

[36] “A History of Horoscopic Astrology”, p 5

Take Your Pick: War or Terrorism

Residents of the UK and elsewhere are decidedly upset at the new style of terrorism in their midst from ISIS aligned malcontents.  With Manchester, London, Notre Dame, Melbourne (Australia), Kabul, Baghdad, Tehran and so on, it seems that every week more atrocities appear.  There is a reason for this heightened round of terrorism and it has to do with Aries.

While most astrologers and people are confused about what age the world is currently passing through, we are actually passing through the Age of Aquarius.  Ever since the Age of Aquarius arrived in the 15th century, rebellion, democratic reforms and progressive socio-political movements have flourished – mainly in Western culture – beginning in earnest with Oliver Cromwell in England.

The Age of Aquarius is the Age of Progress but people and societies are by nature conservative, and as a result, conservative orientated governments do all they can to prevent progress from occurring in their patch.  This is why most reforms are hard fought and can drag out of decades, if not centuries.   The newly elected president of the USA has been elected from the core base of conservative American voters, and he is doing his level best to reverse as many progressive changes as possible.  This will be as futile as trying to stop the tide coming in with only a plastic bucket and spade. (see “A Celebration 7,000 Years in the Making” )

Imagine how people will view our time 1,000 years from now.  If you want this perspective, take a look at the world in 1017 and see what our glorified barbarian “civilized” ancestors were doing one thousand years ago (in the Age of Pisces).  We will probably be seen as the cusp of the clash between primitive civilization with lots of technology leading to progressive civilization.  As long as war, conflict, open violence between countries and unnecessary deaths from drought or diseases  remains, we are still in the world of primitive civilization even if we can watch Netflix.  It could be argued that people’s focus upon their mobile devices is equivalent to ostriches having their head in the sand.

In every astrological age, a specific place was ‘favored’.  Under the Age of Gemini it was Mesopotamia (Iraq), under Taurus it was Ancient Egypt, under Aries it was Ancient Rome, and under Aquarius it is Western culture specifically focused upon the USA but with Europe in the mix.  Whichever region or culture the astrological gods temporarily favor, there resides good fortune (to a certain extent).  The astro gods have favored western culture since the 15th century which is why history books call the 15th century the beginning of modernity in Western culture.  Historians know more about ages than astrologers.

As the temporary leading culture, it is up to Western society to set the tone, because the actions of the leading culture filters out to the rest of the world like the wake from the bow of a boat.  Is Western culture setting a good example?  Did Western culture, spearheaded by the Anglo-Saxon nations headed by the USA, do good when they invaded Iraq in 2003?  Hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians and possibly up to one million people were killed subsequent to the invasion of Iraq in 2003.[1]  If, as an American, British, Australian or citizen of some other Western nation, what would you do if your country was invaded and occupied by a foreign power and up to one million of your fellow citizens killed? Now many people would just acquiesce but some patriotic souls would develop some retaliatory measure like the Free French partisans when their country was attacked and occupied by the Nazi Germans in the Second World War.

Did ISIS appear out of nowhere for no reason?  Or was the creation of this organization and similar ones the result of numerous injustices heaped upon them including the callous murder of so many innocent people in the Middle East by ‘enlightened’ Western invaders led by that champion of freedom – the USA?  Would ISIS even exist today if the Americans had not led their churlish and irrelevant war against Iraq in 2003?  This is just one example of what can create anger which organizations such as ISIS can both exploit and take to extremes.  The ongoing European Jewish invasion of Palestine over the last one and a half centuries is supported by Western nations and demonstrates very clearly to the residents of the Middle East that they are treated as dogs.  Some progressive Western nations and politicians have become aware of this iniquity.

Listening to the news today about the growing number of atrocities committed by deranged individuals, criminals and small groups influenced by ISIS feels like the world has collectively fallen prone to Alzheimer’s disease and cannot remember last year, let alone 2003. The inability of the USA led West to perceive their own complicity in the unrest of today, specifically in the Middle East, is what causes war and further conflicts.  Does selling billions of dollars of arms to the medieval Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, that stills beheads its citizens and subjugates its women, lead to peace in the Middle East?  The Trump instigated ‘blockade’ of Qatar by many surrounding countries has one neighboring country threatening 15 years imprisonment to any of its citizens expressing support for Qatar.  This is just political moral corruption to the nth degree by the USA and this is not limited to Trump, it has been going on for decades, if not over a century.

Fortunately, from the astrological perspective, the world is heading away from this momentum of stupidism that the world is addicted to, but at a snail’s pace.  With Trump in the White House, it can even be argued that the snail as currently accelerating backwards, but this aberrant behavior can only last a small time.  Fortunately, the astro tide in the medium and long term is heading in the forward direction. Trump and his followers cannot stop the Age of Aquarius.

Currently the world is in the same astrological configuration as the 2003 Invasion of Iraq.  In the previous Cancer micro-age (2000 – 2014) were 12 nano-ages, and the Aries nano-age and overflow (Aug 2002 – Nov 2003 – Jan 2005) included the invasion of Iraq from 20 March to 1 May 2003.  The current Aries nano-age and overflow (Mar 2016 – June 2017 – Sep 2018) is in the Gemini micro-age (2014 – 2029).  The bad news is that when Aries is prominent, war, discord and conflict is always at a higher level. With June 2017 the apex of the current Aries period, it is unfortunately associated with what seems like a growing spate of terrorist attacks around the world.  The intensity of Aries is at its strongest level from June 2017 until February 2018 and so we must expect more terrorism at a much higher level than normal for the next 8 months.

Aries nano-age and overflow

There is a silver lining (so far) for the current increase in terrorist attacks.  Usually these Aries nano-ages bring a regional war where instead of the dead in each attack in the single or double digits, in the last two Aries periods, it was in the tens and hundreds of thousands associated with the two Gulf Wars.  However, as one of my astute friend stated, those killed or injured ‘did not count because they were not one of us!’  (See “What is in Store for Trump & the USA in 2017?” for more background details)

If the West wants to set an example, it must stop killing other people to further their economic, military or religious biases as a starting point.  Currently the USA is bombing civilians in Mosul, Iraq – this is merely collateral damage from the western perspective. Unfortunately, this will remain the degraded international socio-political reality for some decades to come, but even now, the light at the end of the tunnel can be glimpsed.

On the political front, we had Bernie Sanders in the USA and Jeremy Corbyn in the UK.  Last weekend I read in a Murdoch newspaper a report by a shocked journalist that Jeremy Corbin had 35% support from the UK voting public.  Shock and horror, how can this many people turn their back on the modern capitalist dream as promoted by Fox News?  Corbin, like Sanders in the USA in 2016, expressed basically the same progressive political and economic policies intended to reign in extreme capitalism and promote socialist ideals for the benefit of the less wealthy half of society.

Bernie Sanders

Socio-political change is slow, but interestingly, as of June 2017, the current Aquarius micro-age decan and overflow (Dec 2014 – Dec 2019 – Nov 2024) has just changed from first to second gear stepping up the intensity of Aquarius in the world.  We can expect further movement towards the progressive future for the rest of this Aquarius micro-age decan and overflow, especially in the period Dec 2019 to Jun 2022 when it shifts into third gear.  We can also expect growing strident opposition from reactionary political forces such as Trump, le Pen and conservative populace politicians everywhere.  In any Aquarius period, the mainstream or middle-of-the-road perspective suffers and extremists on the left (progressive) and right (conservative) can gain far more traction and support compared to ‘normal’ times. (see “This is the Dawning of the Aquarius Micro-Age Decan” ).  Which direction each country veers depends upon their evolutionary stage.  Immature democracies tend towards the fascist (disctatorial) conservative end such as the Philippines under President Duterte.

Unfortunately, this Aquarius orientation towards extremes or fringes also promotes “revolutionaries” who are at war with mainstream (Leo) society.  The fact that the current Aquarius period sits under the shadow of the larger Cancer micro-age overflow (2014 – 2029) places the focus firmly (but not exclusively) upon the Cancer aligned Middle East.  (see “Cancer – the New Paradigm for the World” )  Therefore, it is hard to see that while the USA and the West continue to pour volatile fuel upon the Middle East, via abhorrent arrangements with their despotic leaders, that there will be any change in the current terrorism scenario.  It’s a case of “you reap what you sow”.

To the average western person, the above kind of perspective is outside their scope of understanding even though it is expressed overly simplified in this article.  The average western person knows they are ‘good’ and their society is ‘good’, so why are these bad people trying to attack and kill them?  This is why a significant proportion of western society can be attracted to knee-jerk populace policies which can breed further antagonism that further feed the discontented urban terrorists in their midst.  While the blind lead the blind, the world we live in will remain as it is and has been for the last thousands of years.

In conclusion, for the rest of 2017 at least, we will experience more violence and conflict under Aries than what was previously considered normal, but it is very possible that this round of Aries may avoid a significant size regional war and focus upon urban terrorism instead?  It is still early days for Aries, and based on the immaturity of too many world leaders, a mid-level conflict may still erupt. While the short term future looks bleak, the medium to long term future shines in comparison. (see “The Silent Revolution” )


[1] Casualties of the Iraq War. (2017, June 4), Wikipedia, Retrieved 02:29, June 7, 2017 from

Aries Sub-Ages

I am pleased to announce the first publication of my new research on the astrological ages is available for download from:

Aries Sub-Ages by Terry MacKinnell 2017

My major research on the astrological ages was published in 2011[1] with the focus upon astrological ages of the Holocene Epoch commencing with the Cancer Age (9600 – 7350 BC).  The original research also included age-decans, quasi-ages and quasi-age decans (see “Age of Aquarius for Dummies” at ).  My original plan in 2011 was to also include sub-ages, but at 396 pages, I dropped sub-ages as apart from probably doubling the size of the book, it also may have delayed publication by at least two years.  I have been researching and writing about sub-ages and sub-age decans for around the last two years in fits and starts and have come to realize that while the conclusion to the research and publication of the book of sub-ages is highly desirable, it is another marathon multi-year project.  Therefore, I have decided to break the sub-age project into bite-size pieces and progressively make this research available as each part reaches draft status.

Instead of writing a book on sub-ages, I will write four books, one each on the sub-ages of the same element.  My first book will be fire sub-ages (Aries, Leo and Sagittarius) and the plan is to then follow through with earth sub-ages, air sub-ages and conclude with water sub-ages.  This arrangement only came into focus after writing about the Aries sub-ages, and then discovering that I had to cover the same ground when researching Leo sub-ages and Sagittarius sub-ages.  This is because each Aries sub-age also includes a Leo and Sagittarius sub-age decan, each Leo sub-age includes Aries and Sagittarius sub-age decans while each Sagittarius sub-age includes Aries and Leo decans.  In reality, all signs of the same element work together in sub-ages and their decans and to isolate sub-ages to their primary sign only does not accurately portray how their energies synthesize to produce the most accurate correlation to the historical events and unfolding current events.

The major difference between what I am making freely available now and what ultimately will be published is that I am only focusing upon sub-ages, and apart from a passing reference to sub-age decans, these will be ignored at this point of time. This will also simplify the process for the average astrologer who, by and large, is floundering at the concept of the Age of Aquarius arriving in the 15th century, let alone dealing with sub-ages.  Sub-age decans just may be one step too far and too fast.

Another reason I plan to publish my research on sub-ages and sub-age decans in a piecemeal fashion is due to the current sub-age decan.  The Gemini sub-age decan (1970 – 2029) is great for fake news, social media, handheld phones and devices, the growth of cities but on the other side of the coin sits short term attention spans and a lack of focus upon serious reading.  The following is a summary only of the material available in the attached Adobe Acrobat pdf file.

Aries sub-ages

 My sub-age research commences with the arrival of the Aries age in 2918 BC as historical accuracy before this time is far too vague.  However, I do seek out some vestiges of sub-ages before the arrival of the Aries age in 2918 BC.  Since 2918 BC, there have only been two Aries sub-ages, and despite the fact that about 2,000 years separate these two Aries sub-ages, a common theme is experienced from both.  The following is a summary only of the attached file which provides a detailed analysis of these two Aries sub-ages.

A number of diverse archetypes are associated with Aries but with a common underlying theme – raw energy.  This raw energy is readily seen in the combination of military leaders and massive warfare on the one side, and cultural florescence on the other.  Into this mix can be added new breakthroughs or the beginning of something plus major and significant engineering feats.  Basically Aries wants to do something – if this involves building the biggest tower, creating a city (with all the trappings such as a library, gardens etc.) or conquering as much land as possible – so be it!  Behind nearly everything associated with Aries is this desire to collectively roll up the sleeves of the society, conquer as much territory as possible, build one or more grand cities, plumb new depths in engineering and plunge forth intellectually with vigor whenever conditions are suitable.

Those individuals that are at the forefront of Aries become ‘great’ one way or another.  Usually this is through being a great military leader, but as the fortunes of the Aries age and overflow waned, people became respected for other reasons, especially for religious reasons as the Pisces age and overflow picked up speed from around 351 AD onward with the arrival of the Pisces quasi age.

The first Aries sub-age examined arrived at the peak of the almost 4,500 years Aries age and overflow ‘bell curve’ (2916 BC – 732 BC – 1433 AD), also known as the Aries era – the Aries sub-age and overflow (914 – 732 – 551 BC) situated dead center.  The Aries crown in this period is given to Assyria – the military marvel and empire of this sub-age, and probably the purest manifestation of Aries’ ferocity.  No mercy was given to the inhabitants of any captured city that resisted Assyria’s army and the Assyrian’s used pure terror as a strategy to expand their empire.  Aries on one extreme is a pure bully.  Assyrian rulers delighted in hunting and this probably accounted for the extinction of the Mesopotamian lion which they slaughtered in large numbers. Assyria’s main city was Nineveh, and to supply it with water, two million limestone blocks were used in one bridge alone of the aqueduct constructed by thousands of prisoners of war.

Despite Assyria’s ruthlessness, the sciences and visual arts flourished.  The Assyrians were especially interested in astronomy and astrology.  One Assyrian king established the famous library at Nineveh with 30,000 clay tablets organized by shape but were separated by content into different rooms. As another Aries’ first – this library had one of the first library catalogs.[2]  The Assyrians were also the first nation to move en-masse conquered people to different locations in the Assyrian empire.[3]  Aries is always associated with people on the move for a new home.  The apex of Assyria was the reign of Tiglath-Pileser III. However, by the end of this Aries period, Assyria had disappeared from sight.  The power vacuum caused by the fall of Assyria allowed a Babylonian renaissance culminating in the legendary Hanging Gardens of Babylon and the capturing Jerusalem in 597 BC.

This Aries period also saw the rise of Ancient Greece (800 to 480 BC) and the settling of the village of Rome in Italy.  The Etruscans in the Italian peninsula also did well under Aries, and so the sign Aries was focused upon Rome from the very beginning, not only by its formation in this Aries period, but also by the influence from the Aries-orientated Etruscans and Greek.  The founding of Carthage also made it an Aries city-state, but with Aries a competitive sign, ultimately it was either Rome or Carthage – the stakes are high under Aries!

Classical Antiquity, also known as the Classical Era, Classical period or Classical Age,[4] aligns itself exactly to the first half of the Pisces age.  The second half of the Pisces age is aligned to the Medieval period.[5] With the arrival of the Aquarius age in the 15th century, the Modern period or age commenced.[6]  These long term fundamental periods suggest that our current modern “age” or period will last until the midway point of the Aquarius age around 2500 which is the same as the arrival of the Aquarius quasi-age.  Will 2500 bring the world to the post-apocalyptic age so well portrayed in many Hollywood movies?

The second Aries sub-age and overflow (1072 – 1252 – 1433 AD) examined again witnessed  mighty Aries deeds.  The two greatest war mongers of this time were Genghis Khan and Pope Urban II.   Genghis Khan is reputed to be the world’s greatest warrior though Pope Urban II started the Crusades when he called upon Europeans to venture forth to the Middle East to attack the infidels occupying the Holy Land.  This Aries period coincided with the beginning of the Pisces quasi age-decan (1072-1791). Pisces archetypes therefore experienced a promotion and this is what we see also at this time in history – a Pisces religious leader becoming a war monger.  Only the Pisces religious pope had the ability to call Europe to arms as European secular powers were divided and at loggerheads with each other.  The default unification of Europe in fighting a common enemy confirms not only the major Pisces rulership of Europe, but also the secondary rulership by Aries.

The Crusades commenced within 30 years of the arrival of the Aries sub-age and overflow (1072 – 1252 – 1433 AD) but concluded in 1291, about 40 years past the end of the Aries sub-age proper.  Aries is like a sky rocket, it goes up with a lot of fanfare but quickly comes back to earth with a thud.  Though wars appear to disfavor the aggressors, and this certainly happened to the Europeans in the failed Crusades, it did begin something else that had far reaching consequences.  All of a sudden backward Europeans gained first-hand knowledge of the majesty of the Byzantine Empire and Islamic Middle East.  The introduction of their greater knowledge and culture ultimately turned Europe from a backward atavistic society to conquer nearly all other societies in the world. Aires always wants to fight!

Genghis Khan delayed his birth to the very beginning of the more potent Aries quasi sub-age (1162-1332).  The Mongols tribes were like Europeans, always fighting among themselves, but Genghis Khan was able to meld the warring tribes into one large fighting force the likes the world had never experienced previously or since.  Like the European Crusades, the Mongol Empire lasted only while Aries was strong –  aligned to the Aries quasi sub-age.  This alignment to the Aries quasi sub-age is mimicked by Saladin – the warrior of note and military foe of Richard the Lionheart.  Saladin’s dynasty was also aligned to the Aries quasi sub-age (1162-1332).  After the death of Genghis Khan the Mongol Horde continued the momentum and conquered China, central Eurasia, much of Russia and almost Venice in 1214.  The Mongol dynasty in China fell only three decades past the end of the Aries quasi sub-age in 1332. The Mongols conquered more of Eurasia and killed a greater percentage of people than any time before or after making the Mongol Horde an Aries exemplar.  The Mongols also spread the widespread use of gunpowder and very quickly the Europeans, Muslims and Indians were employing canons and firearms – items always fondly caressed by Aries.

This Aries period saw the beginning of the end of the Eastern Roman Empire.  The sack of Constantinople by the Crusaders (under the bidding of Constantinople’s business rival, Venice) put an end to the Eastern Roman Empire’s last period of greatness.  Like the sunset period of the Western Roman Empire, the power in the Eastern Roman Empire commenced to be vested in provincial military families.  The final dynasty of the Eastern Roman Empire turned more to their Greek rather than Roman origins. This dynasty fell with the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks in 1453, only 20 years past the end of the Aries sub-age overflow and Pisces age.

The two Aries sub-ages examined have been located in the Aries age and overflow (2916 BC – 732 BC – 1433 AD) and all these sub-ages and sub-age decans since the Aries sub-age and overflow (914 – 732 – 551 BC) have been the critical periods in the rise and fall of Ancient Rome.  The Aries sub-age and overflow (914 – 732 – 551 BC) saw the settling of the village of Rome on the Tiber River.  Just past the end of the Aries sub-age and overflow (1072 – 1252 – 1433 AD) the last vestige of Ancient Rome collapsed with the fall of Constantinople, the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, to the Muslim invaders.  Ancient Rome was book-ended by two Aries sub-ages.

The Aries sub-age and overflow (1072 – 1252 – 1433 AD) saw, in allegorical terms, the handing of the baton from Ancient Rome to modern Europe.  The European resurgence was firstly most noticeable in Italy with the rise of powerful and rich trading states such as Venice.  This baton-passing act only temporarily involved Italy, and very quickly it left the Italian peninsula and moved into Europe where the Spaniards, Portuguese, French, Germans, Dutch and Great Britain were ready to launch forth on an unsuspecting world.  Context is everything, as each Aries sub-age or sub-age decan arrives, it must interact with whatever age, age-decan and associated quasi-periods.

The Aries sub-age and overflow (1072 – 1252 – 1433 AD) is what I colloquially call the ‘sting in the tail’ of the Aries age and overflow. Any period in macro-astrology that is not a decan ends with such a sting-in-the tail and deserves an appropriate name.  Every age has as its second last sub-age in its age overflow period a sub-age with the same sign as itself.  Taking into account the sub-age overflow, this means that every age-wave finishes with a bang.  It is the conclusion to the story.

Other notable events associated with this pivotal Aries period include the Hussite Wars (1419-34) which saw the use of the hand-held cannon in Europe, Britain’s conquest of Wales (but failed conquest of Scotland) and the Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453) between France and England which commenced with bows and arrows but ended with firearms and was an emphatic loss to Britain though they retain Calais for some time.

There is strong evidence of Aries in Britain’s astrological signature.  The Celts are believed to have migrated into Britain in the Aries sub-age and overflow (914 – 732 – 551 BC).  Britain entered another major phase of self-government with the withdrawal of Roman troops in the Aries sub-age decan and overflow (352 – 412 – 472 AD).  In the Aries sub-age and overflow (1072 – 1252 – 1433 AD) Britain’s nationalistic sentiment was created due mainly to the One Hundred Years war with France.  Finally in the Aries sub-age decan and overflow (1672-1731-1791) the British Empire became temporarily the foremost military power in the world due to its successes in the Second Hundred Years War.  Appropriately, Great Britain was eclipsed in the Scorpio sub-age (1791 – 1970) with Scorpio sitting in the 8th house of death and vulnerability to Aries.  Aries is a significant sign for Great Britain.

Other developments of note in these Aries’ periods include the mass movement of people either forcibly or willingly.  Engineering and construction included most of the Seven Wonders of the World  including the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.  Other established Aries’ associations are developments in some sports and athletics including the Olympic Games.

The full version is available at:

Aries Sub-Ages by Terry MacKinnell 2017

References & Citations

[1] Terry MacKinnell, “The Dawning”, Xlibris, USA, 2011

[2] Library catalog. (2015, May 30). Wikipedia, Retrieved 02:24, June 4, 2015, from

[3] “A Very Short History of the World”, pp 68-72

[4] Classical antiquity. (2015, May 20). Wikipedia, Retrieved 07:35, June 4, 2015, from

[5] Middle Ages. (2015, June 4). Wikipedia, Retrieved 07:39, June 4, 2015, from

[6] Modern history. (2015, May 20). Wikipedia, Retrieved 07:42, June 4, 2015, from

Part 3 – The Baby Boomers A Generation (1948 – 1955)

The generation commonly referred to as the Baby Boomers actually straddle two generations, the Sagittarius-Sagittarius (February 1948 – July 1955) generation followed by the Sagittarius-Scorpio generation (July 1955 – December 1962).  Generational experts already have decided that the Baby Boomers born up to 1955 (Baby Boomers A) are different to the Baby Boomers born from 1955 onwards (Baby Boomers B).  For a detailed analysis of Baby Boomers, see the introduction to Generational Astrology.  This Part 3 is focused exclusively on the Baby Boomer A generation.

General Characteristics

The characteristics we should expect from a generation focused entirely on Sagittarius is wild optimism with a determination for success in business, strong philosophical or religious leanings and a love of foreign travel.

“The media has portrayed the Baby Boomer Generation in many lights. With increased educational, financial and social opportunities, the Boomer Generation is often portrayed as a generation of optimism, exploration and achievement. Compared with previous generations, more young adults pursued higher education or relocated away from family to pursue career and educational interests. During the late 1940s and early 1950s, post-war optimism inspired a sense of stability, opportunity and prosperity—values commonly held by the middle class. This was the dawn of space exploration, accessible long-distance travel and prosperity for many Americans.

Though the Boomer Generation saw increasing social and economic equality, they also came of age in a period when the country was frequently torn by differing views on politics, war and social justice. The Baby Boomer Generation witnessed and participated in some of the greatest social changes in the country’s history during the 1960s and 1970s with the Civil Rights Movement and the Women’s Movement. This generation experienced dramatic shifts in educational, economic and social opportunities.”[1]

Opposite Signs

Do Baby Boomer A’s pine for the sign opposite Sagittarius – Gemini in their lives?  Superficial examination of previous generations suggests that famous people from each generation seem to achieve their peak worldly achievement in the period of opposite signs to their birth generation.   For the Sagittarius-Sagittarius generation, this will occur in the Gemini-Gemini period (Jun 2022 – Nov 2029).  Certainly this generation has experienced smart phones, email and the rapid development of all forms of online media that are all associated with Gemini.  However, since 1970, the world has encountered the Gemini sub-age decan and overflow (1970 – 2029 – 2089) – so it is hard to say if the Gemini focus is just coincidental or not.

Do Baby Boomers seek fiction, such as provided in novels, or somehow seek the opposite of truth?  Gemini is the sign of communication and therefore words, and so it should come as no surprise that words experienced a deficiency in this generation (see table below).   [2]

In the above table, only “The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe” was published during this generation.  The coming Gemini-Gemini period may produce the greatest western novelists of all time because no similar period with such strength focused upon Gemini has been experienced since around 900 AD at the conclusion of the last Gemini sub-age.

Historical Events

One way to understand the archetypal relationships of this generation is by examining how Sagittarius manifested in world affairs during this time. The most notable technical advance in this time frame is the first flight of a Boeing 707 in 1954 commencing the era of modern mass international travel in 1958, a firm Sagittarius archetype.  The 707 is generally credited with ushering in the Jet Age.[3]  Very few people traveled by air prior to the Boeing 707, but the arrival of the Boeing 707 ushered in the modern era of air travel.  This was a highly significant development.

Another noticeable difference in this time frame is that the western world extracted itself from the harshness and cruelty of the after-effects of the Second World War.  The post–World War II economic expansion, also known as the postwar economic boom and the Golden Age of Capitalism, was a period of economic prosperity and lasted until the early 1970s. Booms in individual countries differed, some starting as early as 1945, and overlapping the rise of the East Asian economies into the 1980s or 1990s.

During this time, there was high worldwide economic growth; Western European and East Asian countries in particular experienced unusually high and sustained growth, together with full employment. Contrary to early predictions, this high growth also included many countries that had been devastated by the war, such as Japan (Japanese post-war economic miracle), West Germany (Wirtschaftswunder – German for “economic miracle”), France (Trente Glorieuses – “The Glorious Thirty” years), Italy (Italian economic miracle), and Greece economic miracle.[4]

Everything associated with the arrival of the Baby Boomer A generation is associated with expanding possibilities, good fortune, increased wealth, the beginning of the international boom in travel and a general sense of optimism and good fortune despite the fact that the first half of the 20th century saw more death, destruction and evil of any known century in history.  This positive sentiment has further propelled the world into the population and consumption overdrive leading to the new climate change reality of the contemporary world in the 21st century.  In this context, it could be said that the Baby Boomers were the last curse of the Sagittarius sub-age and overflow (1612-1791-1970).[5]

House Relationships to Birth Generation

The Sagittarius-Sagittarius generation belongs to the 50% of “pure” generations which occurs with every second generation.  Every person that was born in this generation will work their way through the following periods and activate specific house relationships on the way.  Table 1 display these periods and relationships and will constantly be referred to in the following case studies.

GENERATION: Sagittarius-Sagittarius Houses
Stage Period: Period Signature H1 H2 H3 H4
1 Jul-55 Sagittarius -Scorpio 1 12 1 12
2 Dec-62 Scorpio-Scorpio 12 12 12 12
3 May-70 Scorpio-Virgo 12 10 12 10
4 Oct-77 Virgo-Virgo 10 10 10 10
5 Apr-85 Virgo-Leo 10 9 10 9
6 Sep-92 Leo-Leo 9 9 9 9
7 Feb-00 Leo-Cancer 9 8 9 8
8 Jul-07 Cancer-Cancer 8 8 8 8
9 Dec-14 Cancer-Gemini 8 7 8 7
10 Jun-22 Gemini-Gemini 7 7 7 7
11 Nov-29 Gemini-Taurus 7 6 7 6
12 Apr-37 Taurus-Taurus 6 6 6 6
13 Sep-44 Taurus-Aries 6 5 6 5
14 Mar-52 Aries-Aries 5 5 5 5

Table 1 – House Relationships

The main function for Table 1 is to define the house relationships between each succeeding period to the birth generation.[6]  I am ignoring the birth generation as a period to analyze and so Stage 1 for each person born in this generation commence somewhere in the weeks after birth to up to 7 ½ years of age.  The H1, H2, H3 and H4 columns refer to the following house relationships:

H1 – first period sign to first generational sign

H2 – first period sign to second generational sign

H3 – second period sign to first generational sign

H4 – second period sign to second generational sign

H1 to H4 covers all possible relationships though H1 and H4 may be the most relevant relationships.

Due to the Sagittarius-Sagittarius generation being a “pure” generation, H3 and H4 exactly replicate H1 and H2.

There is a particular quirk encountered by pure generations that cross sub-age borders in their lifetimes.  In the case of Baby Boomer A’s, they cross the sub-age borderline in May 1970, and as a consequence, encounter no Libra period and therefore no Baby Boomer A has an 11th house generational experience.  The 11th house has to do with civic duties and this may explain the anomaly of why this generation has never become president of the USA?  The previous Capricorn-Sagittarius  generation (Aug 1940 – Feb 1948) was above average in producing US presidents with the average at almost one two-term president per generation.  That generation has already produced three presidents: Bill Clinton, George W Bush and Donald Trump .  Perhaps it wasn’t because the Baby Boomer A generation inhaled too much?  Perhaps the Baby Boomer generation is just below par on 11th house civic responsibility?

In addition, the lack of the 11th house stage meant that Baby Boomer A’s arrived at the 10th house stage earlier than most generations (by an average of 7 1/2 years). This may help explain why so many famous Baby Boomer A’s experienced phenomenal success much earlier in life than is the norm?


Al Gore

Born March 31, 1948, at the very beginning of the Baby Boomer A generation, he became a Congressman in 1977 and regardless of the exact month, this period was totally focused upon Stage 4 –  the 10th house of public recognition and career (Oct 1977 – Apr 1985). From 1985 to 1993 he served as one of Tennessee’s Senators which almost exactly coincided with Stage 5 (Apr 1985 – Sep 1992). Stage 5 is equally focused between the 9th and 10th houses.  Gore was vice president to President Clinton from 1993 to 2001 that coincided with Stage 6 (Sep 1992 – Feb 2000) with the focus exclusively on the highly favorable 9th house.  At the end of Clinton’s second term as president, Gore was picked as the Democratic nominee for the 2000 presidential election but lost to George W Bush.  This occurred in Stage 7 (Feb 2000 – Jul 2007) where for the first time, the 8th house of “death” made an appearance.  It certainly killed Gore’s political career!

After leaving office, Gore remained prominent as an author and environmental activist, whose work on climate change earned him the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007.[7]  Appropriately this occurred in Stage 7 because, while the 8th house is generally detrimental, it is the house of pollution and environmental work.  In December 2016 he met with Donald and Ivanka Trump due to Ivanka’s interest in environmental issues.  This occurred in Stage 9 with the focus split between the 7th and 8th houses.  The 7th house is the beginning of Baby Boomer A’s fulfillment phase but it also indicates partnership.  This will need to be watched!

Lindy Chamberlain

Born 4 March 1948, she is a New Zealand-born woman who was wrongfully convicted in one of Australia’s most publicized murder trials. Accused of killing her nine-week-old daughter, Azaria, while camping at Uluru (Ayers Rock in the central deserts of Australia) in 1980, she maintained that she saw a dingo (wild dog) leave the tent where Azaria was sleeping. The prosecution case was circumstantial and depended on flimsy forensic evidence.  1980 Occurred in Stage 4 exclusively focused on 10th house public recognition, and while she would have preferred not to be known falsely as a child-murderer, this is what brought her fame.

Lindy Chamberlain upon release from prison

Chamberlain was convicted on 29 October 1982.  After the discovery of new evidence, Chamberlain was released from prison on remission on 7 February 1986. This occurred in Stage 5 with the emphasis split between houses 9 and 10, with the 9th house a favorable house.  Also in this stage, Meryl Streep played the part of Lindy Chamberlain in the 1988 movie “A Cry in the Dark” (and called “Evil Angels” in Australia).  Her conviction was squashed in 1988 and in 1992 the Australian government paid Chamberlain $1.3 million in compensation.  1992 is the beginning of the highly favorable Stage 6 with the focus exclusively on the 9th house.

In 2012, an Australian coroner made a final ruling that a dingo dog took baby Azaria Chamberlain from a campsite in 1980 and caused her death.  The coroner apologized to the Chamberlain family while an amended death certificate was immediately made available to them.[8] This occurred in Stage 8 with the focus exclusively on the 8th house of death.

Tony Blair

Born 6 May 1953, he was a Member of Parliament (UK) from 1983 to 2007 commencing his political career appropriately in Stage 4 exclusively focused upon the 10th house of public office.  He was elected Labour Party leader in July 1994 in Stage 6 with the focus entirely upon the 9th house.  While remaining in Stage 6, in May 1997, the Labour Party won a landslide general election victory, the largest in its history, allowing Blair, at 43 years old, to become the youngest Prime Minister since 1812 and he served as Prime Minister of the UK from 1997 to 2007.  This period as prime minister straddled into Stage 7 (Feb 2000 – July 2007) with the focus split between the 8th and 9th houses.

Blair resigned as Prime Minister on 27 June 2007 – almost at the exact end of Stage 7 (July 2007).  On the day that Blair resigned as Prime Minister, he was appointed the official Special Envoy of the Quartet on the Middle East, an office which he held until 27 May 2015.  This coincided almost exactly with Stage 8 (Jul 07 – Dec 14) with this stage entirely focused on the 8th house.  In 2016, the Iraq Inquiry strongly criticized his actions and described the invasion of Iraq as unjustified and unnecessary with some calling for Blair to be charged with a crime against humanity.  This occurred in Stage 9 (Dec 14 – Jun 22) with the focus spread between the 8th house of death and destruction and the 7th house of opposition.

Matt Groening

Born February 15, 1954, he is the creator of the television series The Simpsons (1989–present) and Futurama (1999–2003, 2008–2013). The Simpsons has gone on to become the longest-running U.S. prime-time-television series in history, as well as the longest-running animated series and sitcom.   At its peak, the cartoon was carried in 250 weekly newspapers.

Groening made his first professional cartoon sale in 1978 at the beginning of Stage 4 appropriately focused exclusively upon the 10th house of career and recognition.   In 1985, James L. Brooks contacted Groening with the proposition of working in animation a Fox variety show.  To avoid complications with his existing cartoon series, he came up with the Simpson family which commenced showing in 1989 – in Stage 5 focused upon the 9th & 10th houses.  In 1997, Groening and former Simpsons’ writer David X. Cohen developed Futurama, an animated series about life in the year 3000, which premiered in 1999.[9]  This occurred at the end of Stage 6 with the focus exclusively on the 9th house.

Steve Jobs

Born February 24, 1955, he was the co-founder, chairman, and chief executive officer (CEO) of Apple Inc.; CEO and majority shareholder of Pixar; a member of The Walt Disney Company’s board of directors following its acquisition of Pixar; and founder, chairman, and CEO of NeXT. Jobs is widely recognized as a pioneer of the microcomputer revolution of the 1970s and 1980s, along with Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak.

Jobs was adopted at birth in San Francisco, and raised in the San Francisco Bay Area during the 1960s. Jobs briefly attended Reed College in 1972 before dropping out. He then decided to travel through India in 1974 seeking enlightenment and studying Zen Buddhism.  This occurred in Stage 3 (May 1970 – Oct 1977) with the focus slit between the 10th & 12th houses with the 12th house explaining his drive for spiritual fulfillment and drug use during this time.  He used illegal drugs in college including marijuana and LSD.

Steve Jobs shows off the iPhone 4 at the 2010 Worldwide Developers Conference

Jobs co-founded Apple in 1976 to sell Steve Wozniak’s Apple I personal computer.  The duo gained fame and wealth a year later for the Apple II, one of the first highly successful mass-produced personal computers.  This conforms to Job’s entry into Stage 4 in October 1977 in the highly favorable 10th house phase – which is also applicable to Steve Wozniak who was born in August 1950 and therefore another member of the Baby Boomer A generation.

Stage 4, with its exclusive focus on the 10th house, saw Steve Jobs go from strength to strength.  He was privy to a private viewing of an experimental mouse developed by Xerox in 1979 which ultimately led to the breakthrough Macintosh computer in 1984. The Macintosh computer instigated the sudden rise of the desktop publishing industry in 1985 with the addition of the Apple LaserWriter, the first laser printer to feature vector graphics. 1985 marks the start of Stage 5 (Apr 1985 – Sep 1992) introducing for the first time the 9th house which is associated with publishing.  However this cycle also saw Jobs forced out of Apple after a long power struggle.

While out in the cold, he founded a new computer platform (NeXT) for higher-education and business markets with higher education associated with the 9th house.  Jobs also helped to initiate the development of the visual effects industry and with the newly formed Pixar would eventually produce the first fully computer-animated film, Toy Story in 1995.  This occurred in Stage 6 (Sep 1992 – Feb 2000) with the influence exclusively orientated to the favorable 9th house.

In 1997, Apple acquired and merged NeXT, allowing Jobs to become CEO of Apple once again, reviving the company at the verge of bankruptcy.   Beginning in 1997, Jobs worked closely with designer Jonathan Ive to develop a line of products that would have larger cultural ramifications: the iMac, iTunes and iTunes Store, Apple Store, iPod, iPhone, App Store, and the iPad. Mac OS was also revamped into OS X.

Jobs was diagnosed with a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor in 2003 in Stage 7 (Feb 2000 – Jul 2007) which first introduced the 8th house of death.  Jobs died on October 5, 2011[10] in Stage 8 with the house focus now exclusively focused on the 8th house of death.

Bill Gates (2015)
Bill Gates (2015)

Note: Bill Gates also belongs to the Baby Boomer A generation as has been analyzed in Generational Astrology – Part 1 Introduction

Terry MacKinnell

I also belong to the Baby Boomer A generation.  While in Stage 1, I had a relatively normal middle class upbringing in Sydney, Australia.  Quickly upon arrival of Stage 2 in December 1962, with its focus now exclusively on the 12th house of inspiration and seclusion, our family moved to California for a little over two years.  In those days the USA was far and away ahead of the rest of the world in numerous areas, and I found the Californian experience very inspirational (12th) but I was secluded from my friends in Australia.  Stage 3, split between the 10th & 12th houses, commencing in 1970 coincided with university, and leaving home and dropping out of university (1971).  Most of the balance of this stage was focused upon my ”spiritual” search and journey but I also achieved my first “success” in becoming second-in-charge of a larger spiritual non-profit organization and became its Chief Financial Officer and a company director.  The confluence of these two aspects of the same thing is in sync with the 10th and 12th houses.

Stage 4 commencing in October 1977 started an entirely new stage in my life and within a year I was no longer with the non-profit “spiritual” organization.  I got married, had three kids and started my first business of owning and managing a health food store that ultimately developed into a chain of three stores.  By Stage 5, commencing in April 1985, with the focus split between the 10th and 9th houses, I was divorced and experienced my first bout of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS).  I retained my involvement in the health food store (10th) but incorporated lengthy trips to South-East Asia – especially Bali (9th house).  I also began learning Vedic astrology.   I started my second major relationship towards the end of this stage and I made the startling discovery that the Age of Aquarius commenced in the 15th century which commenced the beginning of my life’s work on this project.

Stage 6 starting in September 1992, with the focus exclusively on the 9th house, was a “magic” period of working with my new partner in managing a major outdoor conference center associated with my former “spiritual” group in Stage 3.  It lasted one month short of the end of this stage in January 2000 when I succumbed to a second bout of CFS and we handed over the management of the conference center.  Stage 7 starting in February 2000, now with the first involvement of the 8th house, saw a major transformation in my life both internally and externally, with the external element associated with purchasing a rural property with my partner.  Stage 8 commencing July 2007, with the focus exclusively on the 8th house, had me receiving a small inheritance and some extremely transformative experiences as I rediscovered Bali and South East Asia from 2008 onward.

Stage 9 commencing in December 2014, with the focus split between the 7th and 8th houses, basically aligned with my retirement.  I did step up my lecture and workshop schedule in this stage.  I also broadened my astrological research from the astrological ages and now added whole sign houses to the mix.  Based on the fact that the next Stage 10 commencing in June 2022 is aligned exclusively with Gemini and focused solely upon the 7th house, that I can expect the culmination stage of my life in the worldly sense.   Though the correlation between my life and these generational stages do not include the kind of detail I expect from the various astrological techniques applied to horoscopes, I can certainly detect a clear correlation nevertheless.

Previous Sagittarius-Sagittarius generations

Around every 165 years, another Sagittarius-Sagittarius generation appears (most of the time).  The last Sagittarius-Sagittarius generation was from July 1784 to December 1791.[11]  Three US president came from this generation – Presidents John Tyler (10th president), Zachary Taylor (12th president) and James Buchanan (15th president).  This Sagittarius-Sagittarius generation did not have a fault line on the “missing” 11th house as was the case with the recent Baby Boomer A generation.  Its fault line was with the “missing” 12th house.

Notable people born in this generation were Jacob Grimm (folklorist), Davy Crockett (American adventurer), George Byron (poet) and Michael Faraday (scientist)gftc

Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm was a German philologist, jurist, and mythologist. He is known as the discoverer of Grimm’s law (linguistics), the co-author with his brother Wilhelm of the monumental “The German Dictionary”, the author of Deutsche Mythologie (tracing the mythology and beliefs of the ancient Germanic peoples) and, more popularly, as one of the Brothers Grimm and the editor of Grimm’s Fairy Tales.[12]

David “Davy” Crockett was a 19th-century American folk hero, frontiersman, soldier, and politician. He is commonly referred to in popular culture by the epithet “King of the Wild Frontier”. He represented Tennessee in the U.S. House of Representatives and served in the Texas Revolution.  Crockett became famous in his own lifetime for larger-than-life exploits popularized by stage plays and almanacs. After his death, he continued to be credited with acts of mythical proportion. These led in the 20th century to television and movie portrayals, and he became one of the best-known American folk heroes.[13]  His reincarnated female form has appeared in the Hunger Games, with Jennifer Lawrence playing Katniss Everdeen, a thinly disguised female version of Davey Crocket.

Michael Faraday was an English scientist who contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. His main discoveries include the principles underlying electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism and electrolysis. Albert Einstein kept a picture of Faraday on his study wall, alongside pictures of Isaac Newton and James Clerk Maxwell. Physicist Ernest Rutherford stated,

“When we consider the magnitude and extent of his discoveries and their influence on the progress of science and of industry, there is no honour too great to pay to the memory of Faraday, one of the greatest scientific discoverers of all time.” [14]

It is also possible that Charles Babbage, born December 26 1791, may have been born in this generation.  Considered by some to be a “father of the computer”, Babbage is credited with inventing the first mechanical computer that eventually led to more complex electronic designs, though all the essential ideas of modern computers are to be found in Babbage’s analytical engine.[15]

In all the above, the sheer energy of Sagittarius is seen from this generation, and this Sagittarian energy, from the end of this generation in 1791, went on and “conquered” the world in the Sagittarius sub-age overflow (1791 – 1970) – the period basically defining the modern USA, the world population explosion and modern economic “miracle”.  Davey Crocket was one of the key archetypal inspirations for the fledgling USA.


Generational Astrology – Part 1 Introduction

Generational Astrology – Part 2 Pre-Boomers (1940 – 1948)


ABC_Lindy_Chamberlain_Free.ogv: THE DISAPPEARANCE OF AZARIA CHAMBERLAIN provided by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) derivative work: Nesnad This file was derived from  ABC Lindy Chamberlain Free.ogv

Steve Jobs shows off the iPhone 4 at the 2010 Worldwide Developers Conference: I (Matt Yohe (talk)) created this work entirely by myself. (Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons by fetchcomms.)


[1] The Baby Boomer Generation [Born 1946–1964],

[2] CHRISTINA STERBENZ, “These Charts Reveal How Best-Selling Novels Have Changed Over Time”, Business Insider Australia, JUN 3, 2014

[3] Boeing 707. (2017, February 13), Wikipedia, Retrieved 04:58, February 18, 2017, from

[4] Post–World War II economic expansion. (2017, January 13), Wikipedia, Retrieved 05:07, February 18, 2017, from

[5] Terry MacKinnell, “Baby Boomers in the Age of Aquarius”, 3 May 2008,

[6] This table will not be identical for preceding and succeeding generation due to a sub-age cusp in 1970 that introduces a minor house relationship anomaly that will appear in a different period for different generations born before 1970.

[7] Al Gore. (2017, February 14), Wikipedia, Retrieved 07:09, February 18, 2017, from

[8] Lindy Chamberlain-Creighton. (2017, February 7), Wikipedia, Retrieved 05:28, February 22, 2017, from

[9] Matt Groening. (2017, February 17), Wikipedia, Retrieved 03:44, February 19, 2017, from

[10] Steve Jobs. (2017, February 18), Wikipedia, Retrieved 03:49, February 19, 2017, from

[11] I cannot confirm the accuracy of the dates down to the monthly level

[12] Jacob Grimm. (2017, February 8), Wikipedia, Retrieved 06:01, February 22, 2017, from

[13] Davy Crockett. (2017, January 31), Wikipedia, Retrieved 06:06, February 22, 2017, from

[14] Michael Faraday. (2017, January 23), Wikipedia, Retrieved 05:58, February 22, 2017, from

[15] Charles Babbage. (2017, February 21), Wikipedia, Retrieved 06:11, February 22, 2017, from

The 2017 Economic Meltdown? (Extract Only)

There is a growing sense by a mounting cacophony of doomsday commentators that a catastrophic economic downturn is around the corner.  This is not supported by my global economic outlook for 2017.  My previous research has indicated that the two key critical ingredients for determining the economic situation in the world is the 5 year quasi micro-age decans and 15 month nano-ages.

Only once every five years the quasi micro-age decan change, and this is the case in 2017.  In June 2017 the Cancer quasi micro-age decan (Jul 2012 – Jun 2017) comes to an end and this marks the end of the 5 year post Global Recession period.  Cancer is moderately good for the economy (because it is opposite in nature to Capricorn) but due to Cancer lacking Capricorn’s archetypes – Cancer has no backbone.  Therefore this Cancer quasi micro-age decan is a period of weak recovery.

The new 5 year period to arrive in mid-2017 is the Aquarius quasi micro-age decan (Jun 2017 – Jun 2022).  Unfortunately Aquarius is opposite Leo – one of the best signs for positive economic conditions and especially stock markets.  This does not bode well for the Aquarius period as it means that there is no strength in the coming economic conditions.  The inconsistency associated with Aquarius will mimic the changeable nature of Cancer so the market volatility of the 5 years Cancer period will continue in the coming 5 years Aquarius period.

Furthermore, the greatest bull market of all time occurred in the Leo micro-age (1985-2000) and the coming Aquarius period has the opposite intent – it wants to finalize pulling the rug out of positive (Leo) economic conditions for western economies.  This not only will occur, it most likely will be concluded with an economic recession in the period March 2021 to June 2022 – though this coming recession should be much milder than the last Global Recession.

This Aquarius period is not going to bring economic stability or any sustained growth or strength, and any vulnerability due to a weakening IT sector, digital disruption, insufficient electricity or anti-globalization is bound to become a negative economic issue as this 5 year Aquarius period plays out.

Taurus nano-age & overflow (Dec 14 – Mar 16 – Jun 17)

Taurus is the most stable of all the signs. Despite this overall economic stability, issues related to money and currencies are promoted, so we have seen all the issues re international currency manipulation with countries desperately trying to devalue their currency so their products are cheaper to buy on the international market.


Other Taurus related financial difficulties include India removing overnight (late 2016) some high denomination notes to counter the anti-tax black cash market that dominates India.  Many other countries such as Venezuela, Egypt, Rhodesia, China, Mexico (due to Trump), UK (following Brexit), Papua New Guinea, Switzerland are also experiencing financial problems related to liquidity, the black economy and so on.

Aries nano-age & overflow (Mar 16 – Jun 17 – Sep 18)

A Kuwaiti oil field set afire by retreating Iraqi troops burns in the distance beyond an abandoned Iraqi tank following Operation Desert Storm.
A Kuwaiti oil field set afire by retreating Iraqi troops burns in the distance beyond an abandoned Iraqi tank following Operation Desert Storm.

Aries is as turbulent as Taurus is stable, but the turbulence from Aries is not usually directed to the economy but to war.  With the peak of Aries occurring in mid-2017, we must expect an international conflict of the level of the Gulf war and Iraq invasion.  The arrival of such a war or significant conflict, above and beyond the ‘norm’ since the invasion of Iraq in the last Aries nano-age, will most likely spook the markets but usually Aries is a strong sign for the economy, so we should not expect the markets to be dragged down by this conflict other than in the very short term.

Scorpio nano-age decan and overflow (Jun 17 – Nov 17 – Apr 18)

This Scorpio period will bring the first economic shock associated with the larger 5 year Aquarius period.  By November 2017 the markets are going to be rattled and we will see a downturn in sentiment in the period Aug 2017-Jan 2018 with the strongest focus in November 2017.  This is not going to collapse the house of cards but the sentiment is one of vulnerability, lack of economic progress and a more restricted economic environment than we have experienced for a few years.

Bond Market Collapse

“After a 30-year bull run, there has been a rout on global bond markets since Donald Trump was declared President elect, with close to $US3 trillion flowing out of bonds across the globe.” (Courtesy of finance correspondent Phillip Laskersee of the Australian ABC government funded socialist media network:

The global bond market rout is the inverse of the stock market rally of the almost 9% surge in price of stock on Wall Street accounting for a $US3 trillion flow of funds into global stocks.  This development has been precipitated by Trump’s election.   Appropriately, this is occurring in a Taurus nano-age overflow (March 2016 – June 2017) where a greater emphasis on financial issues should be experienced.

However, what caught my attention was the reference to 30 years.  30 years is twice the length of a micro-age (1/144th of an astrological age).  Why should the bond market have a 30 year ‘bull’ run then fall by the wayside so suddenly?  The answer is at least partly explained in my post The 2017 Economic Meltdown?

“the greatest bull market of all time occurred in the Leo micro-age (1985-2000) and the coming Aquarius period has the opposite intent – it wants to finalize pulling the rug out of positive (Leo) economic conditions for western economies.  This not only will occur, it most likely will be concluded with an economic recession in the period March 2021 to June 2022 – though this coming recession should be much milder than the last Global Recession.”

There is even more revealing astrological information about this global bond market rout linked to the 30 years.  While it is entirely appropriate such a financial issue should coincide with a Taurus period, this Taurus period is very small compared to 30 years.  However, the 30 years basically corresponds with the Virgo micro-age overflow (1985-2000) and the Leo micro-age overflow (2000-Dec 2014).  In macro-astrology, both these signs belong to the ‘conservative’ 50% of zodiacal signs.

The conservative and economic stable signs are the fire and earth signs while the volatile but progressive signs are the air and water signs.  The overflow period is where each sign manifests at their peak strength.  Therefore, only two years ago, the world came to the end of a 30 year period overshadowed by two conservative influences which also usually coincide with greater than normal economic stability notwithstanding the recent Global Recession – which did not appear to upset the 30 year bond market.

The bond market rout is supposedly in reaction to predictions that the world is entering a period of higher inflation spurred on by Trump’s construction zeal.  Following the 30 year conservative but relatively stable influence, we are now only two years within a new 30 year period of the opposite intent – volatility and progressive influences.  (Even Trump is progressive and volatile on the conservative side of politics)

Certainly Trump has increased the volatility stakes and perversely, despite the fact that no recession of the magnitude of the recent Global Recession is due to appear in this new 30 year period, it is going to be very problematical for the world economy – or at least for western nations.  The difficult economic issues facing the world for the next few centuries, and particularly the rest of the 21st century, does not result in massive recessions or economic depressions but appears to be an incremental downturn.  At each turn of the road, economic conditions slowly deteriorate and the numbers of positive economic appear with less frequency or strength.

Though the current Taurus nano-age overflow (March 2016 – June 2017) may seem like a small bit player in a larger field populated by micro-ages and sub-age decans etc, occasionally this is not the case, and in this situation, this is not the case.

The current Taurus nano-age overflow (March 2016 – June 2017) is part of the Taurus nano-age & overflow (Dec 2014-Mar 16 – June 17) – which is strategically situated as the first nano-age in the Gemini micro-age (Dec 2014 – Nov 2029).  In 11 out of 12 cases, the first nano-age within a micro-age is a preview of the following much larger micro-age – in this case the Taurus micro-age (Nov 2029-Sep 2044) leading into the more powerful 15 years Taurus micro-age overflow commencing September 2044.

So while the rout of the 30 year global bond market and inverse stock market surge – both precipitated by Trump’s election – may just appear as something interesting, these kind of financial issues will return with a vengeance in the Taurus micro-age and overflow.   The seed of the future can usually be found in the present.


2017 appears to be a continuation of the last half of 2016 for the first three quarters of 2017 than a visible pullback …… but not an economic collapse.

The full article is available at: The 2017 Economic Meltdown?

Is Trump the New Caligula?

Who was Caligula? Caligula became the Roman emperor in AD 37, which corresponds in our calendar to about 2017 (or 2018).  The correspondence is drawn from the fact that while Caligula lived in the previous Pisces age, everything else was identical in the sub-ages and smaller sub-periods.  For both Trump and Caligula, they were the respective leaders of the Empire of the Aries-Pisces age (Rome) and the Empire of the Pisces-Aquarius age (USA) with both under the influence of the respective Libra sub-age, Cancer micro-age overflow and Aquarius micro-age decan in each age.  This correspondence only occurs once approximately every 2,000 years.

Gaius Caligula
Gaius Caligula

Caligula was a noble and moderate ruler during the first six months of his reign and then his focus turned to cruelty, sadism, extravagance, and sexual perversity and he was considered an insane tyrant.  During his brief reign, Caligula worked to increase the unconstrained personal power of the emperor, as opposed to countervailing powers within the principate (government). He directed much of his attention to ambitious construction projects and luxurious dwellings for himself, and initiated the construction of two aqueducts in Rome.[i]  He lasted less than 4 years before he was assassinated – Romans didn’t bother about elections when they got tired of their leaders.

About 10 years ago, I realized that from about 2015 onward (for up to 15 years), the world would be strongly under the influence of the Cancer micro-age overflow, and that historically, Cancer is associated with mental instability and leaders who exhibited mental instability.  I used to muse on who could possibly fulfill this role.  For many years I thought it to be the North Korean leader and at times Putin.  Recently the president of the Philippines reared his fascist head encouraging the state sanctioned murder of drug users and dealers – and he can definitely be put in the political lunar camp.  But maybe the politically ‘deranged’ leader will be closer to home?  A leader can exhibit crazy or lunar political tendencies without being personally crazy or deranged.

I am a Vedic-western fusion astrologer which means that I practice both black arts.  For the purposes of examining Donald Trump, like some sterile physician examining a multitude of X-rays and ultrasounds, it is his Vedic horoscope that draws my focus because while the western horoscope is superior in its ability to classify his personality, emotions, desires and so on, it is his relationship with the wider world that I am more interested.  This is where Vedic astrology comes into the picture.

For most western astrologers, Vedic astrology is way too far out of focus due to unfamiliarity, but Vedic astrology is the appropriate stethoscope in this situation.  Vedic astrology is much better at indicating how a person actually interfaces with the world regardless if they have a good, bad or middling nature or personality – as defined by their western horoscope.

Donald Trump Vedic Horoscope
Donald Trump Vedic Horoscope

Trump’s Vedic chart clearly indicates that the two key elements are Rahu (the Moon’s north node) and Mars.  With sidereal Leo rising, Trump’s ruler is the Sun, firmly and appropriately located in his 10th house of status, reputation and fame – so far so good.  The Sun also represents fame, so to have planet of fame in the house of fame is advantageous for a politician.  In contrast, musicians and actors have a preference for the Sun in the 1st house as they want their personality or personal style to garner the fame.

With the Sun representing the indomitable Trump in his Vedic chart, the greatest influence in his life is from Rahu (the Moon’s north node) that sits only two degrees away from his Sun, as he was born on the day of an eclipse.  Rahu is also rajayoga which is like a pot of gold in Vedic astrology, so it brings him great assistance in the area of fame as the raja yoga is in Trump’s 10th house.  (This raja yoga is formed by the ruler of an angular house aspecting Rahu which is also in an angular house – the Sun rules the angular 1st house and is conjunct Rahu in the angular 10th house).

In addition, Rahu itself is greatly enhanced by being involved in a rajayoga.  Rahu is futuristic, because it is the dragon’s head which has eyes, and these eyes perceive the future.  Rahu can make Trump a visionary.  On the down side of Rahu there are a few issues which many would like to be swept under the carpet.  Rahu tends to breed a low class or crass nature – no argument there, but the Gods still favor him nevertheless for this ‘slight’ blemish.  Rahu is devoid of a ‘spiritual’ or esoteric influences and his main focus is firmly focused upon wealth, and the acquisition of more wealth.  With Rahu located in the 10th house, perhaps we can add fame to money! But because Rahu does not have a stomach, no matter how much wealth he obtains, he will never be satisfied and never have enough.  Will the same occur with fame?

Trump is fired up about the future, and this is his forward looking rajayoga-Rahu speaking.  But Rahu always has a demonic element, a bit like a dragon.  We know that dragons are wise, but their wisdom is not necessarily for the benefit of anyone other than the dragon.  According to James Braha, Rahu is a “hedonistic, unconscious and insensitive being”.  Rahu can often bring “ignorance” as well! With Rahu manifesting through Trump on the American and world stage, we can expect interesting times ahead.

The other key element In Trump’s Vedic horoscope is Mars located a few degrees above Trump’s ascendant degree in his first house.  Mars brings a combative nature and a pioneering spirit.  Vedic Mars is very similar to western Mars and includes builders, ambitious people, forcefulness, temper, arguments and fights.  Mars in Vedic astrology also has some of the archetypes associated with Uranus in western astrology – forging ahead where angels fear to tread.  What we do not know is if his pioneering spirit is greater, equal or less than his combative spirit?  Again, we can see both sides of Vedic Mars in Trump.

With a supercharged futuristic temperament combined with a pioneering spirit, we can expect much angst on the conservative side of politics as he tries to drag the Republican Party into the 21st century (see “Trump is Representative of the Age of Aquarius” @ ).  However, on the progressive side of politics, the Mars-Rahu combination is bound to kick them in the guts, which he has already done merely by winning the presidential election.  Trump potentially has 4 more years of gut kicking.

Independent of astrology, it is a very rare person that escapes their track record.  Whatever Trump has been like in his public, business and media affairs for the past decades is likely to be continued once he is in office.  His previous focus on proving that President Obama was not born in the USA is a classic example. Trump seems to have few scruples about the means that gets him to his desired end result.  Therefore, this tendency is likely to continue.

His real support base is not the Republican Party but the disenchanted blue collar and rural voters who elected him and who were impressed with his character on the TV series “The Apprentice”.  Trump has already indicated an interest for running for a second term, and if so, he has to keep these voters in his camp.  This is fortunately a mild boon as these voters are not so much ideologically driven as driven by knee-jerk reaction to the issues that confront them.  Trump is relatively trapped in this populace web, for better or worse.  Time will tell if he is also the reincarnated Caligula I have been waiting for all these years.

If not Trump – who?


[i] Caligula. (2016, November 17), Wikipedia, Retrieved 19:38, November 17, 2016, from

Illustration: By Louis le Grand – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,