© Copyright Terry MacKinnell 2016 Under the Berne Convention
The Pre-Boomers (Capricorn-Sagittarius generation August 1940 – February 1948)
I am commencing the generational analysis with this Capricorn-Sagittarius generation, the Pre-Boomers, because they remain at the top rung of leadership in the world. Few current leaders or influential people in 2016 are from the previous Capricorn-Capricorn generation (Mar 1933 – Aug 1940) purely due to their ages which in 2016 will range from about 76 years to 83 years. I will not be ignoring this generation and my intention is to provide the same thorough review at a later stage comparable to younger generations.
There is clear evidence that the Capricorn-Sagittarius generation remains active on the world stage because, at a minimum, three of the top contenders running for US president in 2016 are from this generation: Hillary Clinton, Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders (as of January 2016). The other key contenders are from younger generations. It is worth noting that this Capricorn-Sagittarius generation is above average in producing US presidents with the average at almost one two-term president per generation. This generation has already produced two two-term presidents: Bill Clinton and George W Bush. Not one president was sourced from either the previous Capricorn-Capricorn generation (Mar 1933 – Aug 1940) or the earlier Aquarius-Capricorn generation (Oct 1925 – Mar 1933). However the Aquarius-Aquarius generation (May 1918 – Oct 1925) produced three US presidents: George Bush senior, Jimmy Carter and John Kennedy (JFK).
Research does confirm that the most noticeable quality associated with US presidents is that to date, of the 44 presidents, 70% came from a generation where the second sign was either an Air of Fire sign. Also, of the two signs, the Air signs are the most popular signs for the second sign of generations accounting for 41% of all presidents to date.
It is also notable that after the two presidents from the Capricorn-Sagittarius generation (Bill Clinton and George W Bush) the Baby Boomer generation was skipped with Barack Obama belonging to the following Sagittarius-Scorpio generation (July 1955 – Dec 1962). Perhaps the Sagittarius-Sagittarius generation inhaled too much? It is possible that the Capricorn-Sagittarius generation has some quality making them strive for public office that is absent from the immediate surrounding generations? Capricorn combined with Sagittarius may be a superior combination? Certainly these two signs combined public office with good fortune. Also, perhaps generations with mixed signs may include greater diversity of traits?
Are the Two Generational Signs Equivalent?
The two signs associated with each generation are not identical. The first sign represents the entrenched influence for the generation while the second sign represents the emergent energy. Every second generation has two signs that are the same and this just means that for the double-sign generations, though it has already established a firm foundation in the nature of the sign, it is still growing with ‘freshness’. It is the emergent Air and Fire signs that appear to be the primary key for US presidents.
Generations where the (second) emergent sign is Air or Fire seem to have more political drive either due to their dynamic nature or intellectual projection. Aquarius is the most popular sign for producing presidents and the most radical of the Air signs ruling extremist ideology which is why from the same generation we can have Ronald Reagan and Richard Nixon on the conservative extreme and Kennedy on the other extreme. Extremists seem to be more politically motivated than other generations as if they have a political fire in their belly.
Though there is a difference between the statuses of the two signs that define the nature of each generation, it is not a major factor but something to take into consideration. There is something about the emergent energy that allegorically can be associated with new life. Further research and case studies may clarify the difference between the two generational signs.
The characteristics we should expect from a generation with Capricorn combined with Sagittarius is an optimistic pragmatic outlook. Capricorn will breed a sense of duty and desire for recognition and status, while Sagittarius will express itself with almost boundless optimism. Capricorn would normally limit such optimism to be harnessed wisely.
The difference between this generation of Pre-Boomers and the following Baby Boomers is that the Pre-Boomers seemed to have taken a leadership role in the heady and revolutionary days of the 1960s and early 70s when on average, they were in their early 20s. Doug Owram argues that some of the most influential people among boomers were musicians such as The Beatles, Bob Dylan, and The Rolling Stones mostly drawn from this Capricorn-Sagittarius generation. With Capricorn combined with Sagittarius we have a blend of Capricorn leadership and public status combined with the good fortune of Sagittarius – a winning combination!
Another way to understand the archetypal relationships in this generation is by examining how Capricorn and Sagittarius manifested in world affairs during this time. This period/generation commenced in the midst of the most disastrous times in the 20th century when tens of millions of innocent people were needlessly killed by a cloud of darkness that descended upon much of the world in the Second World War. The preceding Capricorn-Capricorn period (Mar 1933 – Aug 1940) saw the descent into this darkness with no light at the end of the tunnel – very appropriate for pure Capricorn! The situation quickly changed with the arrival of the Capricorn-Sagittarius period in August 1940 as within 16 months, the USA entered the war and changed the whole dynamics due to the massive economic resources of the USA which were then turned to war industries. The light at the end of the tunnel arrived soon after the appearance of Sagittarius!
With the end of the Second World War in 1945, much of Eurasia, North Africa, Asia and Polynesia had succumbed to the military insanity that has been relatively common in the world since the arrival of the peak of the Aries age around 2900 BC. But the darkness of Capricorn did not stop in 1945. Due to the devastation of the war and the economic destruction it brought, there were shortages of food and many essential items, so rationing that appeared in many countries during the war, continued on for many more years. This is Capricorn’s austerity and frugality. Secondly, the dark hand of communism spread out of the USSR engulfing Eastern Europe and China fell to the communists. The dark forces of war then bred the dark forces of totalitarianism hiding behind socialism. Communism is the combination of totalitarianism and socialism. The problem was not with the socialism, but with the totalitarianism.
Despite the height of darkness associated first with the Capricorn-Capricorn period leading into the Capricorn-Sagittarius period, compared to many people today, people in those times were stoic and seemed to have backbone in the face of unimaginable devastation. Compare this with some Goth-inspired Islamist extremists doing their best to bring mayhem and destruction to the ‘civilized’ world and any intelligent person would realize that the world in 2015 leading into 2016 is a Sunday school picnic compared to times under Capricorn. However, the world since December 2014 is in a Cancer-Gemini period (archetypally directly opposite to the Capricorn-Sagittarius period) which explains why so many people today display wimpish or immature emotional responses when faced with the antics of a few Gothic terrorists. People and society have no backbone today as Cancer is the sign that represents no-backbone. We should expect people born in any generation associated with Capricorn to have backbone.
Due to the Second World War, there were no Olympic Games for 12 years (Capricorn again), but in 1948, the Olympic Games recommenced, but became known as the Austerity Games because of the economic climate and post-war rationing. Unlike the modern Olympics, no construction preceded these games – existing facilities were used due to the asutere times. Germany and Japan were excluded and the USSR did not attend. Nevertheless, it was a step forward showing signs of Sagittarius’ expansion. Apart from the noticeable worldwide increase in births in the Capricorn-Sagittarius period, the world commenced moving forward again, and some impressive Sagittarius archetypes manifested.
Firstly, Sagittarius is closely associated with air travel, and the first large-scale mass-produced helicopter, and the first jet aircraft appeared in this period (initially only as fighter planes). By 1947 the first supersonic flight occurred. Sagittarian Air transportation was on a mission. Sagittarius also rules religion (and combined with Capricorn for antiquities), the Dead Sea Scrolls commenced being discovered in 1946. The Scrolls are believed to date from the last three centuries BC and the 1st century AD and provided a hitherto unrivalled access to the ancient scriptural traditions associated with the evolution of the Hebrew Bible. These scrolls were a major revelation.
The famous Kon-Tiki expedition commenced at the end of the current period. It was a journey by raft across the pacific from South America to forward the theory that Polynesia could have been populated by immigrants from South America. Later research supports South Americans arriving on Easter Island between the 13th and 15th centuries AD. The Sagittarian influence is clearly seen here with the world responding to the adventurist spirit of the expedition.
Culture is usually strongly influenced by these periods, and a noticeable new style of music appeared in the early 1940’s – Bebop. Bebop, or Bop, developed in reaction to popular swing styles focused on dancing to a new style with a faster tempo and a strong influence upon improvisation. Bebop was the beginning of modern jazz which matured in the early 1960s and therefore suggests that Bebop and modern jazz were a product of fiery Sagittarius – as its formation, development and peak occurred in the Sagittarius macro-generation/period (Aug 1940 – Dec 1962). Key Bebop musicians include: Sonny Rollins, John Coltrane, Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie and Thelonious Monk.
A “New Look” in fashion spearheaded by Christian Dior in 1946 reestablished Paris as the center of the fashion world in 1946. It rejected (Capricorn?) boxy, fabric-conserving shapes of the World War II styles replaced by voluptuous use of material that highlighted the female curvaceous form. However Capricorn manifested in another way as the New Look covered up women’s legs and there was some opposition to the (Sagittarius) profligacy of the new style.
House Relationships to Birth Generation
The Capricorn-Sagittarius generation will have one foot in stoic and austere Capricorn, and one foot into Sagittarian optimism, positivity and expanding good fortune. Every person that was born in this generation will work their way through the following periods and activate specific house relationships on the way. Table 1 display these periods and relationships and will constantly be referred to in the following case studies.
|1||Feb 1948||Sagittarius -Sagittarius||1||12||1||12|
|2||Jul 1955||Sagittarius -Scorpio||1||12||12||11|
Table 1 – House Relationships
The main function for Table 1 is to define the house relationships between each succeeding period to the birth generation. I am ignoring the birth generation as a period to analyze and so Stage 1 for each person born in this generation commence somewhere in the weeks after birth to up to 7 ½ years of age. The H1, H2, H3 and H4 columns refer to the following house relationships:
H1 – first period sign to first generational sign
H2 – first period sign to second generational sign
H3 – second period sign to first generational sign
H4 – second period sign to second generational sign
H1 to H4 covers all possible relationships though H1 and H4 may be the most relevant relationships.
Born in August 1946 Clinton was the Arkansas state Attorney General from 1977 to 1979 mainly in Stage 5 in the Virgo-Virgo period which is a prime period in any person’s life as the influence is equally mixed between the strong 9th and 10th houses. This was his launching pad to high political office. Also in stage 5 he became governor of Arkansas from 1979 to 1981 and again from 1983 to 1992. His wife Hillary was born only one year later and is therefore also of this same generation.
Clinton became US president from 1993 to 2001 almost exactly in parallel to the new Leo-Leo period (Sep 1992 – Feb 2000). The Leo-Leo period activates stage 7 which is equally split between the fortunate 9th house and difficult 8th house, and in this case the connection between the 8th house and sex had a strong influence on his presidency via the Monica Lewinski scandal. His 8th house vulnerability also was expressed by the fact that in 1994 when the Republican Party won control of Congress for the first time in 40 years indicating political vulnerability. His 8th house again was invoked when he was impeached – though he was acquitted.
He was the most popular president on leaving office since WW2 matching those of Ronald Reagan and Franklin D. Roosevelt as the highest ratings for departing presidents in the modern era. This may harks back to his strong 9th house influence associated with his presidency. However, this popularity probably has a stronger connection to the Leo-Leo period he was president because if any period is going to positively promote a leader, Leo, the king of the jungle, will be the best sign to accomplish this. It may also be relevant that Bill Clinton belonged to the US Democratic Party that was formed in 1828 in a Virgo-Leo period. Virgo sits well with both Capricorn and Sagittarius (9th and 10th houses respectively) and Leo sits very well with Sagittarius and only the Leo to Capricorn invokes a difficult house relationship (8th house). It seems appropriate that in his Leo-Leo presidency, Clinton was caught with his pants down with a female subordinate. This typical alpha male behavior obviously did not negatively affect his reputation. Clinton just so happened to be in the right place at the right time.
Clinton’s greatest health crisis time commenced in September 2004 with a quadruple bypass surgery followed by surgery for a partially collapsed lung in 2005.This occurred in his stage 8 when 50% of the house associations to his Capricorn-Sagittarius generation were from the dreaded 8th house and this period was in the middle of the strongest 8th house influences in his life. In 2010 he had two coronary stents inserted into his heart in stage 9 where the 8th house retained its double strength influence. Due to his vulnerability to health issues, he adopted a vegan diet and with cows and bulls ruled by Taurus, associated with the 2nd house. It is highly appropriate that Clinton became a vegan under the 8th house influence as the 8th house is directly opposite the 2nd house. The 8th house is the house of research and someone certainly did high quality research to end up with such a good diet for someone with heart problems. It was under this same strong 8th house period that Hillary Clinton spectacularly failed in her bid for the Democratic candidate for the 2008 US presidential election.
By the end of Bill Clinton’s presidency, the Clinton’s were broke due to legal fees and this again is entirely appropriate under the 8th house. However, the Clinton’s earned more than $160 million in the next decade. This occurred mainly in Stage 8 and into stage 9 with both stages strongly linked to 8th house financial vulnerability. It is also notable that as soon as Stage 9 appeared in July 2007, Clinton vigorously advocated on behalf of his wife, Hillary Clinton as the Democratic presidential candidate in the 2008 elections. However Clinton also enthusiastically endorsed Obama at the 2008 Democratic National Convention which again activates the 7th house of ‘the other person’.
Since December 2014, Bill Clinton is in stage 10 with 50% of house influences on the 7th house, so we can expect that again he will be an enthusiastic supporter of Hillary’s pitch for the Democratic candidate for the 2016 presidential elections as the 7th house equally indicates the partner and opponent. Hillary’s candidature again for US president in the 2016 elections is in her stage 9 period of Cancer-Gemini. The strongest house influence is from the 7th house and it should be noted that the Cancer-Gemini period is directly opposite her birth Capricorn-Sagittarius period. This places the stress on allies and oppositions, so it will most likely be an extremely hard fought operation or she will hit the proverbial brick wall of the 7th house.
Hillary Clinton also comes to the 2016 election with vulnerabilities from her time as Secretary of State (Jan 2009 – Feb 2013) related to the 2012 Benghazi attack. This all occurred in her stage 9 Cancer-Cancer period. The 8th house of vulnerabilities (and death) was strong during this time and can be associated with the deaths of American consulate personnel in Libya. In contrast, her election as a New York senator in 2000 and again in 2004 both occurred in a Leo-Cancer period with the remnant influence of the strong 9th house still influential though the 8th house of debt and vulnerability was very strong during this time.
George W Bush
Born in July 1946, in the same generation as Bill and Hillary Clinton, he became US president in January 2001 in his stage 8 which is not as favorable as Clinton’s Stage 7 presidency. This may be reflected in the fact he is one of only four presidents who received less votes than his opponent (Al Gore). His astrological golden years (1992 – 2000) under Leo-Leo saw him governor of Texas. Bush most notably was president during the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the USA and arguably has inflamed if not created most of the current major problems in the Middle East and particularly ISIS due to his maligned attack upon Iraq in 2003 when he was able to con a willing electorate. Compared to other First World countries, an extremely large sector of the US general public not only prefers guns, but under pressure, they prefer to shoot first and ask questions later which Bush certainly responded to. Much of his presidency was aligned to 8th house issues, the house which was strongest in his stage 8 presidency. These issues included amending the Constitution to prohibit same-sex marriages, broad tax cuts which have subsequently sent the USA debt hurtling skywards, the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act and funding for the AIDS relief program. His tenure saw national debates on Social Security and torture. All these issues are related to the 8th house. Even the 9/11 terrorist attack has strong 8th house connotations as the terrorists capitalized upon the USA’s vulnerabilities, especially in its security agencies. By attacking Iraq, the USA demonstrated that it was a gorilla to be reckoned with, but now the gorilla is confused because though it won the war it has lost the peace.
Born in January 1942 he was the first scientist to set forth a theory of cosmology explained by a union of the general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics (basically the very large combined with the very small). However he is also well known for his rare medical condition of early-onset and a slow-progressing form of motor neurone disease which became noticeable towards the end of his stage 2 with the dominant influence the unfortunate 12th house. His disease was medically diagnosed in 1963 at the beginning of the stage 3 with the 12th house influence remaining the major influence (for stages 1, 2 and 3). By the end of stage 3 he was in a wheelchair. By stage 5 he was virtually unintelligible. At the very beginning of stage 6 he almost died of pneumonia in mid-1985 – stage 6 (Apr 1985 – Sep 1992) introduced the 8th house of mortality for the first time and this quickly manifested.
In 1974 he discovered that black holes emit radiation, now known as Hawking radiation – which was widely accepted as a significant breakthrough in theoretical physics. Up until this new theory, it was believed everything only entered black holes and nothing ever came out. This occurred in stage 4 (May 1970 – Oct 1977) with the entry of the 9th house relationship into the equation. He received increasing academic recognition of his work during stage 4 and was appointed a professor with a chair in gravitational physics in 1977 – the same year commencing his stage 6 Virgo-Virgo period and the second period of his 9th house being the dominant influence. Hawking’s famous book, “A Brief History of Time” was also published in mid-1988 with the 9th house of publishing at full strength in stage 6. A film version of “A Brief History of Time” produced by Steven Spielberg, premiered in 1992 at the end of stage 6.
In 2006 in stage 8, which is the first appearance of the 7th house influence, Hawking’s divorced his second wife and resumed amicable relationships with his first wife, children and his grandchildren that had been interrupted with his second marriage. The 7th house can bring rapprochement. However with the 7th house ruling opposition, Hawking experienced a major humiliation in mid-2012 when the Higgs boson particle was discovered in July 2012 at CERN after Hawking claimed it would never be found. He then experienced another humiliation in January 2014 when he acknowledged his “biggest blunder” for formerly alleging the loss of information in black holes which contradicted other scientific theories. Both these humiliations occurred in his stage 9 when houses 7 (opposition) and 8th (vulnerability) were equally strong.
As of December 2014 Hawking has entered stage 10 which is the middle period of a 50% influence from the 7th house and the first appearance of the 6th house of health. This is a Cancer-Gemini period directly opposing his Capricorn-Sagittarius birth generation.
With room for only one more case study, I decided to select a notable female. Amongst female actors in this generation, there was a large choice with Raquel Welch, Faye Dunaway, Barbra Streisand, Sharon Tate and so on all the way to Barbara Hershey. Other notable females from this generation include: Billie Jean King (tennis), Camilla Parker Bowles (royalty) and Hillary Clinton. However, it is from amongst the singers that I chose Joan Baez. Other notable singers in this generation include: Dionne Warwick, Aretha Franklin, Cilla Black, Janis Joplin, Joni Mitchell, Diana Ross, Gladys Knight, Bette Midler, Cher, Dolly Parton, Linda Ronstadt and Emmylou Harris but I chose Joan Baez because of her civic consciousness.
Joan Baez was born very early in the Capricorn-Sagittarius generation in January 1941. At the age of 13 she went to a performance by the musical activist Pete Seeger which firmly precipitated her musical direction thereafter and probably also her strong political convictions. This occurred in the Sagittarius-Sagittarius period or her Stage 1 with the only two dominant house influences equally split between the 1st house of self and the 12th house of music and inspiration (and drugs). It is worthwhile mentioning that her parents were fearful at the time that her musical interest would lead her to becoming a drug addict.
The next notable change occurred in stage 2 when in 1958 her family moved to Boston. This stage introduced the 11th house of civic consciousness and friends and was the beginning of her up-and-coming folk-music scene. Baez gave her first concert in 1958 and other highlights at this stage were performing at the 1959 Newport Folk Festival and signing her first recording contract in 1959. Baez went on to introduce Bob Dylan to the general public in the early 1960s, and they had a relatively short term relationship.
Very early in stage 3, Baez appeared on the cover of Time Magazine in November 1962. Stage 3 is equally focused upon the 12th house of inspiration and music and 11th house of civic consciousness. She was one of the principal performers at the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, the day on which Martin Luther King delivered his “I have a dream” speech. Towards the end of this stage in 1969, her appearance at Woodstock afforded her international musical and political recognition, particularly upon the successful release of the documentary film Woodstock in the following year. 1970 marks the beginning of stage 4 with the dilution of the former 12th and 11th house influences and the arrival of the 10th house of career and recognition and 9th house of international fame. Baez is notable at being one of the first musicians to use her popularity as a vehicle for social protest, singing and marching for human rights and peace.
With the arrival of stage 5 in October 1977, Baez entered her astrological magic period equally divided between the 9th and 10th houses. For example, in 1980, Baez was given an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters for her political activism and the “universality of her music”. In 1983, she appeared on the Grammy Awards, performing Dylan’s “Blowin’ in the Wind”, a song she first performed twenty years earlier. This was the period she had a relationship with Steve Jobs of Apple Computer fame.
The arrival of stage 6 now included an 8th house influence for the first time and this is reflected in the fact that Baez also played a significant role in the 1985 Live Aid concert for African famine relief and she assisted many other causes. In this stage in May 1989, Baez performed at a music festival in communist Czechoslovakia, and met the future Czechoslovakian president Václav Havel and became friends.
1992 saw the arrival of stage 7 with the 8th house influence equal to that of the 9th. In 1993, at the invitation of Refugees International and sponsored by the Soros Foundation, she traveled to the war-torn Bosnia and Herzegovina region of then-Yugoslavia in an effort to help bring more attention to the suffering there. The new 8th house influence may correlate to the fact Baez stopped writing her own songs in this stage (around 1989)?
With stage 8 arriving in February 2000, this was the middle of the strongest period of the 8th house, and appropriately in 2001 her first 13 albums were re-released featuring digitally restored sound, unreleased bonus songs and new and original artwork. The 8th house is the recycle house. More old albums were rereleased in 2003. It was in this stage she changed one of her songs as a tribute to her late sister and in December 2005. Baez also appeared and sang “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot” at the California protest at the San Quentin State Prison against an execution.
Stage 9 commenced in July 2007 keeping the influence on the 8th but equally shared with the 7th house. Around 2011 Baez almost stopped singing as she thought her voice had become unmanageable but was quickly remedied by a vocal therapist. The 7th house can sometimes appear like a brick wall in your path. Stage 10 arrived in December 2014 with the dominant influence from the 7th house but introducing the 6th house of health for the first time. It is too early to know if it has any effect yet.
David Bowie also belonged to this Capricorn-Sagittarius generation. See http://wp.me/p5DJPt-F for additional details.
Previous Capricorn-Sagittarius generations
Around every 165 years another Capricorn-Sagittarius generation appears (most of the time). The last Capricorn-Sagittarius generation was from February 1777 to July 1784. Only one US president came from this generation – Van Buren who is assessed as an average president. It is also worth noting the dark similarity between the recent Capricorn-Sagittarius period and this older period. Both periods commenced with a war and the American War of Independence (1775 – 1783) almost perfectly matched this older Capricorn-Sagittarius period. It also suggests that the government of the USA was born in a Capricorn-Sagittarius period. The astrological signature for a government is not the same as for the society. American society existed before the War of Independence.
Interestingly, the direct opposite of the birth generation for the US government is a Cancer-Gemini period, which has just commenced in December 2014. The last Cancer-Gemini period (Jun 1851 – Nov 1858) was the lead up to the American Civil War. It was in this lead up period that the internal stresses within the USA were developed that created the Civil War. Historians believe that while slavery was the obvious focus for the Civil War, it masked the deep disunity that occurred in the USA at the time. Is the USA currently marching towards deep disunity? It certainly seems to be the case as there appears to be two Americas. One is cosmopolitan with progressive social values, the other is a gun-totting, religious, conservative small town and rural America.
We should expect deepening divisions in the USA in the current Cancer-Gemini period but while the astrology for Civil War is again mimicked in the following Gemini-Gemini period (Jun 2022 – Nov 2029), it is not the same and one key component is far weaker in the coming period compared to the Civil War period. However, we should expect fireworks of some sort soon for the USA.
The only recognizable person born in this period is the American author Washington Irving (b. Apr 1783) best known for “Rip Van Winkle” which fictitiously plays with (Capricorn) time. He is also author of “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” which was recently made into a feature film directed by Tim Burton in 1999 starring Johnny Depp. Again the dour influence of Capricorn is readily seen in this story. He was America’s first genuine internationally best-selling author. He was also author of a number of historical works including studies on George Washington, Oliver Goldsmith, Muhammad and several histories of 15th-century Spain including Christopher Columbus, the Moors and the Alhambra. Irving was one of the first American writers to earn acclaim in Europe, and Irving influenced other American authors such as Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, and Edgar Allan Poe. He was also admired internationally by Walter Scott, Lord Byron, and Charles Dickens. His subject matter seemed mainly Capricorn but his expansive fictional and non-fiction writing and international acclaim is pure Sagittarius.
Illustrations & Graphics
Bill Clinton: “44 Bill Clinton 3×4” by Bob McNeely, The White House  – http://www.dodmedia.osd.mil/DVIC_View/Still_Details.cfm?SDAN=DDSC9304622&JPGPath=/Assets/Still/1993/DoD/DD-SC-93-04622.JPG. Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:44_Bill_Clinton_3x4.jpg#/media/File:44_Bill_Clinton_3x4.jpg
George-W-Bush: by White house photo by Eric Draper. – This Image was released by the United States Department of Defense with the ID 030114-O-0000D-001_screen (next).This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing for more information.বাংলা | Deutsch | English | español | euskara | فارسی | français | italiano | 日本語 | 한국어 | македонски | മലയാളം | Plattdüütsch | Nederlands | polski | português | Türkçe | 中文 | 中文（简体） | +/−. Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:George-W-Bush.jpeg#/media/File:George-W-Bush.jpeg
“Stephen Hawking.StarChild” by NASA – Original. Source (StarChild Learning Center). Directory listing.. Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stephen_Hawking.StarChild.jpg#/media/File:Stephen_Hawking.StarChild.jpg
“Joan Baez Hamburg 1973 2811730005” by Heinrich Klaffs – originally posted to Flickr as Joan Baez 2811730005. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Joan_Baez_Hamburg_1973_2811730005.jpg#/media/File:Joan_Baez_Hamburg_1973_2811730005.jpg
“Irving-Washington-LOC” by Copy daguerreotype by Mathew Brady, reverse of original by John Plumbe. – This version:This image is available from the United States Library of Congress’s Prints and Photographs division under the digital ID cph.3a07639.
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Details of the Book by Terry MacKinnell
References & Citations
 Owram, Doug (1997), “Born at the Right Time”, Toronto: University Of Toronto Press, p. xiv, ISBN 0-8020-8086-3
 1948 Summer Olympics, Wikipedia, Retrieved 00:34, December 25, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1948_Summer_Olympics&oldid=696637782
 Dead Sea Scrolls, Wikipedia, Retrieved 00:48, December 25, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dead_Sea_Scrolls&oldid=696491290
 Kon-Tiki expedition. (2015, November 15), Wikipedia, Retrieved 01:00, December 25, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kon-Tiki_expedition&oldid=690778113
 Bebop. (2015, December 23), Wikipedia, Retrieved 02:46, January 7, 2016, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bebop&oldid=696482781
 Christian Dior. (2015, December 31), Wikipedia, Retrieved 02:54, January 7, 2016, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christian_Dior&oldid=697652506
 This table will not be identical for preceding and succeeding generation due to a sub-age cusp in 1970 that introduces a minor house relationship anomaly that will appear in a different period for different generations born before 1970.
 Bootie Cosgrove-Mather (June 7, 2004). “A Look Back at the Polls” . CBS News. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
 Bill Clinton. (2015, December 17), Wikipedia, Retrieved 02:46, December 21, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bill_Clinton&oldid=695605076
 George W. Bush. (2015, December 21), Wikipedia, Retrieved 03:46, December 22, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=George_W._Bush&oldid=696165533
 Stephen Hawking. (2015, December 18), Wikipedia, Retrieved 03:44, December 22, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Stephen_Hawking&oldid=695736433
 Joan Baez. (2015, December 12), Wikipedia, Retrieved 02:55, December 23, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Joan_Baez&oldid=694975543
 I cannot confirm the accuracy of the dates down to the monthly level
 Washington Irving. (2015, December 21), Wikipedia, Retrieved 02:09, December 25, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Washington_Irving&oldid=696228600